ATLAS RADIOLOGICZNY PDF

QR code for Atlas radiologiczny chorób reumatycznych. Title, Atlas radiologiczny chorób reumatycznych. Contributor, Jadwiga Staniszewska-Varga. Publisher. QR code for Atlas radiologiczny Polski Title, Atlas radiologiczny Polski Biblioteka Monitoringu Środowiska. Contributor, Isajenko. Krzysztof. Radiologiczny Atlas Polski Report. GHDx Entry last modified on: Nov 6, Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation Fifth Ave., Suite , Seattle.

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Skip to content Skip to search. Centralne Laboratorium Ochrony Radiologicznej: Medium [cartographic material] Physical Description 1 atlas 28 p. Subjects Radioactive pollution of the atmosphere — Poland — Maps. Radioactive pollution of soils — Poland — Maps. Radioactivity — Environmental aspects — Poland — Maps.

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Atlas radiologiczny Polski – Google Books

Notes Polish and English. View online Borrow Buy Freely available Show 0 more links None of your libraries hold this item.

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2001 CADILLAC SEVILLE STS OWNERS MANUAL PDF

CadillacSeville Chilton repair manuals are available at the click of a mouse! Access the whole library of Chilton online repair manuals for CadillacSeville. Cadillac Seville for factory, Chilton & Haynes service repair manuals. Cadillac Seville STS Service and repair Manual; Cadillac Seville STS Service. A complete listing of the Cadillac owners manuals for your maintenance, warranty Cadillac Deville Owners Manual Cadillac STS Owners Manual.

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There seems to be a problem serving the request at this time. Skip to main content. All Auction Buy It Now. Guaranteed 3 day delivery. Besides being a wealth of great information, they are also very “cool”! Literally as it was received by the original Owner.

Great for Use or Display! On one double sided chart information found regards; engine specs, ignition coil, resistor, condenser, spark plugs, gap, idle speed, ignition timing, ignition advance, distributor, vacuum, generators, regulators, charging circuit, fuel pump and other information, all easily legible and a wealth of information.

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Cadillac Owner Manuals – Factory Warranty, features and options, and maintenance explained

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Our manuals date as old as the and to current. Seville with full cabriolet roof. A must have if you own one of these vehicles. Also included is prior years color information forand Eldorado including Touring Coupe.

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BAFIA MALAYSIA PDF

Malaysia operates a dual banking system, namely a conventional banking system operating in tandem with an Islamic banking system. Islamic. The Central Bank of Malaysia is the Malaysian central bank. Established on 26 January as Central Bank of Malaya (Bank Negara Tanah Melayu), its main . A banker’s duty of secrecy in Malaysia is statutory as it is clearly provided Act (“BAFIA”) (currently replaced by section (1) of the FSA.

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This article will only focus and discuss the relevant provisions of the FSA. It will not include any analysis on the Islamic Financial Institution Act A bafis owes a duty of secrecy to its malayxia at all times, including a duty to keep information concerning its customers’ affairs confidential. This duty is also contractual in nature and is to be implied by a banker and customer relationship.

Section 1 of the FSA stipulates that no person who has access to any document or information relating to the affairs or account of any customer of a financial institution, including the financial institution or any person who is or has been a director, officer or agent of the financial institution, shall disclose to another person any document or information relating to affairs or account of any customer of the financial institution.

Tournier v National Provincial and Union Bank of England is a landmark case which laid down and defined the scope of a banker’s duty of secrecy and confidentiality to its customer.

Banking & Financial Institutions Act (BAFIA)

In this case, the Bank had disclosed to the Plaintiff’s employer about the Plaintiff’s information which he had obtained from the drawer of a cheque made in favour of the Plaintiff.

After receiving the information from the Bank, the Plaintiff’s employer did not renew the Plaintiff’s contract of employment. The Plaintiff then commenced an action for breach of confidentiality. Their Lordships held that the right of a customer to have his affairs kept confidential is a legal right, which is not absolute but qualified.

Banking regulation in Malaysia: overview | Practical Law

It was further held that the duty of secrecy is not only confined to the actual state of the customer’s account but it also extends to information derived from the account itself. In other words, a banker’s duty to maintain secrecy and confidence not only encompasses information and facts that he learns from the state of the customer’s account but includes and extends to all information gained from other sources than the customer’s actual account by virtue of the banking relationship.

The next concern is whether an ex-employee of a bank is also bound by the duty of secrecy. The answer is simply, yes. According to section 1 which is read together with section 3 of the FSA, the duty of confidentiality encompasses a person who is not just a bank officer but even a third party.

Section 3 of the FSA states that a person who has any information or document which to his knowledge has been disclosed in contravention of section 1 of the FSA is prohibited from disclosing the same to any other person. The duty of secrecy continues even after the termination of the banker and customer relationship.

As a result, in the event that a banker breaches his duty of secrecy, the customer may be entitled to claim for damages, if he has suffered losses. When a customer successfully sues a banker for breach of duty of secrecy, the amount of damages which he is entitled to recover depends on whether he is able to establish the actual extent of the damages he had suffered as a result of the disclosure.

In the case of Tan Eng Seong v Malayan Banking Bhd, the Plaintiff who was the Bank’s employee had left and orally closed his bank account with the Bank without giving any written instruction.

The Bank did not close bafiq account as there was no written authorisation from the Plaintiff.

Lying dormant, the service charge and interest on the account accumulated to RM The Bank’s credit officer subsequently informed the Plaintiff’s brother and upon knowing, the Plaintiff commenced an action for breach of confidentiality.

The Court held that the Plaintiff failed to close his account as the required written instruction was not given. The alleged statement made by the Bank’s credit officer was not defamatory.

In other words, it is sufficient to state that the Plaintiff could even succeed based on an implied duty of confidentiality between him and the bank. The Court allowed the civil action and granted the nominal damages of RM15 to the Plaintiff. The author opines that the principles from the abovementioned cases must be interpreted in the context of the statutory regime. As the duty of confidentiality is contractual between the banker and the customer, the remedy would be an action for breach of contract and possibly an action for defamation.

Under section 4 of the FSA, any person who is found guilty of breaching his duty of secrecy to a customer, shall be liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 5 years or to a fine not exceeding RM10 million or both.

This imposes a criminal penalty. Despite aforesaid, there are qualifications which entitle the Bank to divulge and disclose the information: To protect the Bank’s interest where the Bank initiates action to recover monies owed by the customer and the notice of demand and pleading tendered to the court contain the details of the debt.

It is only by the abovementioned qualifications or exceptions that such information may be disclosed legally to a third party. The bank can raise the applicable qualification s or exception s as a defence against any claim made by its customers. In a nutshell, the author opines that such right of secrecy and confidentiality of a customer has been diluted by the abovementioned exceptions.

The content of this article is intended to provide a general guide to the subject matter.

Specialist advice should be sought about your specific circumstances. If directed by the court order or compulsion by law; 2.

To protect the Bank’s interest where the Bank initiates action to recover monies owed by the customer mallaysia the notice of demand and pleading tendered to the court contain the details of the debt; 3. Disclosure for public interest; 4. If consent is given by the customer either mapaysia or expressly; 5. The exceptions provided under the statute are the following: Do you have a Question or Comment? Interested in the next Webinar on this Topic?

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Banking regulation in Malaysia: overview

Crowdfunding is solicitation of small amounts funds from multiple investors through a web-based platform or social networking site for a specific project, malaysua venture or social cause. India has witnessed an unprecedented growth in the domain of investment funds, at a global level. ASIC says that it will adopt a much tougher and more aggressive mallaysia in its monitoring and enforcement of compliance.

ASIC has published the exact levies payable by regulated entities in under the new industry funding arrangements. Insight Plus – November Worldwide Europe European Union U.

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AIRCRAFT COMMUNICATIONS AND NAVIGATION SYSTEMS BY MIKE TOOLEY PDF

Aircraft Communications and Navigation Systems: Principles, Operation and Maintenance Mike Tooley is a technical author and consultant. He was formerly. Aircraft Communications and Navigation Systems, 2nd ed. Front Cover. Mike Tooley, David Wyatt. CRC Press, Oct 6, – Technology & Engineering – Aircraft Communications and Navigation Systems, 2nd ed by Mike Tooley, , available at Book Depository with free delivery.

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Aircraft Communications and Navigation Systems – David Wyatt, Mike Tooley – Google Books

Want to Read saving…. Want to Read Currently Reading Read. Refresh and try again. Open Preview See a Problem? Thanks for telling us about the problem.

Return to Book Page. Aircraft Communications and Navigation Systems: Butterworth-Heinemann’s Aircraft Engineering Principles and Practice Series toley students, apprentices and practicing aerospace professionals with the definitive resources to advance their aircraft engineering maintenance studies and career.

This book provides an introduction to the principles of communications and navigation systems. It is written for anyone pursuing Butterworth-Heinemann’s Aircraft Engineering Principles and Practice Series provides students, apprentices and tolley aerospace professionals with the definitive resources to advance their aircraft engineering maintenance studies and career.

It is written for anyone pursuing a career in aircraft maintenance engineering or nike related aerospace engineering discipline, and in particular will be suitable for those studying for licensed aircraft maintenance engineer status. Paperbackpages.

Published March 8th by Routledge first published September 24th To see what your friends thought of this book, please sign up. To ask other readers questions about Aircraft Communications and Navigation Systemsplease sign up.

Be the first to ask a question about Aircraft Communications and Navigation Systems. Lists with This Book. This book is not yet featured on Listopia. Jun 29, Marif rated it it was amazing. Neel rated it it was amazing Mar 08, Anshuman rated it really liked it Nov 05, Momo rated it liked it Apr 18, Vetree rated it it was amazing Dec 23, This review has been hidden because it contains spoilers. To view it, click here.

Aircraft Communications and Navigation Systems, 2nd ed – Mike Tooley, David Wyatt – Google Books

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LABCONCO FREEZONE 6 PDF

FreeZone 6 Liter Console Freeze Dry System with Stoppering Tray Dryer View replacement: FreeZone 6 Liter C Console Freeze Dryer with Stoppering. This product has been discontinued and is no longer available for purchase. View replacement: FreeZone 6 Liter C Console Freeze Dryer (). FreeZone 6 Liter Console Freeze Dryers are designed for lyophilizing moderate to large samples loads or numerous small container batches. The console.

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Labconco FreeZone 6 Liter Console Freeze Dryers are designed for lyophilizing moderate to large sample loads or numerous small container batches. Your samples are protected with remote notification and data recording.

Labconco Freezone 6 Floor Freeze Dryer | eBay

Features include hot gas defrost, side-mounted USB port and rear-mounted Ethernet connection. The console provides interior space for a vacuum pump and accommodates the FreeZone Stoppering Tray Dryer pump and tray dryer sold separately. These models offer the broadest range of built-in options including a shell freezer. The upright stainless steel collector coil holds 6 liters of ice before defrosting.

Internal coil maximizes vapor-trapping efficiency. Optional PTFE-coated collectors withstand corrosive compounds. Lyo-Works OS provides a real time display of collector temperature and vacuum level on a 5″ full color touch screen.

One-touch data logging and display provides information to maximize sample quality and minimize run time. Customizable settings include language, time zone, temperature and vacuum.

Labconco FreeZone 6 Liter Benchtop Freeze Dry Systems Series User Manual | 66 pages

Alerts and feedback of current operating parameters can be sent automatically to user-entered email addresses. FreeZone exclusive features protect your vacuum pump from costly damage.

A vacuum break valve bleeds air into the system when power to the freeze dryer or vacuum pump is shut off for more than 5 minutes.

A moisture sensor prevents albconco or vacuum start-up when moisture is detected in the drain line. Vacuum pump is automatically shut down when a leak is present in initial pull down or during run. Front viewing window makes monitoring vacuum pump oil hassle free.

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FreeZone 6 Liter Console Freeze Dryers

Be the first to write a review for this product! Description Reviews Labconco FreeZone 6 Liter Console Freeze Dryers are designed for lyophilizing moderate to large sample loads or numerous small container batches. Vacuum pump with a displacement of at least 98 liters per minute, 0.

Type your desired quantities in the fields below, then click: Type your desired quantities in the fields above, then click: Includes Purge Valve and Mini Chamber.

Includes Purge Valve and Shell Freezer.

DCR VX2000 MANUAL PDF

Find Downloads, Manuals, Tutorials, FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions), Firmware, Drivers, Software, Problem Solving about DCR-VX Digital video camera recorder, Dcr-vx • Read online or download PDF • Sony DCR-VX User Manual. Manual de instrucciones (Español y Portugués), Download DCR-VX pdf user manual. Operating Instructions (primary manual), Download DCR-VX

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Please make sure that you are posting in the form of a question. The near professional-level Sony DCR-VX digital video camcorder uses three progressive scan CCDs one for each primary color to capture quality images and can record in the A 12x optical zoom and 48x digital zoom bring images closer, while the Sony SteadyShot optical dcf stabilization smoothes out hand-induced shakiness.

Link and Fire Wire for digital image transfer, allowing video editing on a properly manaul home computer.

Also included is an S-Video input, encouraging the conversion of already existing footage into the DV format. This resolution is fine for images you’re e-mailing or viewing on a monitor, but most dedicated digital cameras today offer far more detail.

The package includes PictureGear Lite 4. The camera includes a number of manually adjustable settings for ultimate flexibility, including manual zoom, focus, shutter speed, and exposure. Microphone record level can also be adjusted for optimum sound quality. The Memory Mix feature works by superimposing a digital still stored on a Memory Stick over the video being recorded.

A color-bar generator produces standard NTSC color bars to calibrate monitors, and four different white-balance settings help optimize color. The DCR-VX includes a mic input, as well as an intelligent shoe for select Sony accessories, and has several digital effects built-in. Share Facebook Twitter Pinterest. Loading recommendations for this item Item is in your Cart. View Cart Proceed to nanual.

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Apple Thunderbolt to FireWire Adapter. Customers who viewed this item also viewed. Page 1 of 1 Start over Page 1 of 1. Customers vx200 bought this item also bought. Special offers and product promotions Buy Used and Save: Buy with confidence as the condition of this item and its timely delivery are guaranteed under the “Amazon A-to-z Guarantee”. See all Used offers. Terms and conditions apply. See offer for details.

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Sony Handycam DCR-VX Manuals

Product description The near professional-level Sony DCR-VX digital video camcorder uses three progressive scan CCDs one for each primary color to capture quality images and can record in the Product information Product Dimensions 4. Technical Specification User Manual [pdf ]. For warranty information about this product, please click here. Feedback If you are a seller for this product, would you like to suggest updates through seller support?

Would you like to tell us about a lower price? Important information Legal Disclaimer 30 days warranty, no return poicy. Read about our customers’ top-rated camcorders on our review page: See questions and answers. Share your thoughts with other customers. Write a customer review. Read reviews that mention picture quality low light easy to use great camera really want camera has professional video sony camcorder digital smaller tape camcorders lens audio cameras cam capability ccd features.

Showing of 24 reviews. Top Reviews Most recent Top Reviews.

Sony Handycam DCR-VX2000 Manuals

There was a problem filtering reviews right now. The battery wasn’t functional. They sent a new battery without question or hassle. The camera us functioning properly as of the time of this review. I’m definitely satisfied and will be purchasing another camera if available soon.

One person found this helpful. Before buying this camera, think carefully about what you’ll be maual it for, and when. I also recommend playing with one at a store, to cdr its size and weight. Even if, like me, you’ll ultimately buy it at Amazon.

I’ve owned the VX for over a year now, and I’m very happy with the results. Arguably, the picture quality is better than the Canon XL-1 and the vx is significantly — thankfully — smallerit’s rugged and reliable, and it’s somewhat portable. I carry mine in a backpack that has a padded pocket designed for laptop computers. It was the best solution as most smaller camera bags don’t fit this beast.

Those that do aren’t useful for toting other things as well. Anyway, I know a handful of other people with this camera. The filmmakers, as a whole, LOVE this camera.

I also have a friend who does casting for television ads. Often, for his boss, he walks around with a VX and shoots people on the street, later bringing the tape to the boss for evaluation.

SONY DCR-VX user manual – Manual de instrucciones (Español y Portugués)

No night vision, no silly effects save for a few wipes, swipes, fades, and sepia, etc. It’s just good, strong, somewhat rugged, and takes a great shot. Just keep in mind what you want Ccr, if you do buy it, go for 1 a bigger battery, well worth the cost, and 2 a wide angle lens.

This camcorder manal used but it works perfectly. I use it for work, a lot, and haven’t had any issues. Have been using it as my main camera Have been using it as my main camera on shoots. Camera was in good shape and works well, it did advertise the memory card came with it but I didnt get one.

This camera was manula because of a missing cover panel. Everything works great and I don’t need the missing panel.

I have had the VX for a couple of months now and I’ve shot countless hours of footage for a couple of low-to-no budget independent movies and more in the making and this camera is fantastic! It can be incredibly easy to use yet quite flexible if you need it to be. No, it’s not a palm-sized recorder that you’ll be toting casually to family get-togethers and if that’s really your only need for a camcorder, ecr with something smaller, lighter, and less expensive.

However, for those who want to play on the edge of prosumer recorders, this camera is a joy to have.

Sony DCR-VX2000 Service Manual

Beyond picture quality there’s also sound quality. For the down-side of things, yes, it is rather hefty though I find the extra weight actually helps with smoother motion and the battery that comes with it is completely inadequate for any lengthy shooting “in the field”.

The optionally purchased bigger batteries do add to the weight but you won’t run out of power in the middle of that important shot if you get the largest one.

I can shoot all weekend and never drain a single one of those big babies and I have two in my kit. It doesn’t come with a camera bag or case and you really need something to protect the investment.

I purchased the hard body aluminum case made for the VX and though it’s vx000 and bulky, my camera can breeze through on-location shots without fear of injury. Another investment that you will want to consider with this camera is a tripod but when selecting a tripod make sure you take the camera’s weight in consideration.

Well, you get the idea. Personally, I’ve played with one of the smaller, lighter consumer Sony camcorders and absolutely loved it but I wanted more beef, better quality recordings, manul greater flexibility because of my involvement in independent movies. Is this camera overkill for the average consumer? Do I regret investing serious bucks in the VX? Judge what you really need and really want before purchasing a VX mznual, for most people, it IS overkill and the purchase of the camera itself is just the first investment.

You can easily double the price of the camera by the time you get done with a case, batteries, charger, filters, special mics, windscreen, camera cover, light, etc. See all 24 reviews. Customers also shopped for. Pages with related products.

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ALLANBLACKIA FLORIBUNDA PDF

Allanblackia floribunda is an evergreen Tree growing to 25 m (82ft) by 20 m (65ft) at a fast rate. It is hardy to zone (UK) The flowers are pollinated by Insects. The useful plants of west tropical Africa, Vol 2. Names. Allanblackia floribunda Oliv. [family GUTTIFERAE]. Allanblackia parviflora A. Chev. [family GUTTIFERAE] . Native geographic distributions of (a) Allanblackia floribunda; (b) A. parviflora; and (c) A. stuhlmannii. Maps reprinted with permission from.

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The consumption and commercial exploitation of Allanblackia Clusiaceae seed oils is of current interest. The favorable physicochemical characteristics of Allanblackia oil solid at room temperature; high stearic acid content lend food products that contain it i. Such considerations are important for individuals prone to cardiovascular disease or with hypercholesterolemia.

Domestication projects of several Allanblackia species in tropical Africa are underway, but wildcrafting of fruits to meet the seed demand still occurs. Proper species authentication is important, since only authenticated oil can be deemed safe for human consumption. The chemical constituency of Allanblackia seed oils, and potential roles of these phytochemicals in preventive strategies e. The primary and secondary metabolite constituency of the seed oils of nearly all Allanblackia species is still poorly known.

The presence, identity, and quantity of potentially bioactive secondary metabolites in the seed oils, and pharmacological testing of isolated compounds were identified as important directions for future research. During recent decades, as information about the negative health effects of animal fat consumption has accumulated, higher consumption rates of fats and oils from plants have been documented. In addition, the demand for oils and fats from alternative plant sources has steadily increased, driven by several factors including: At the same time, an ever increasing number of consumers believe that foods contribute directly to their health and this has, in turn, driven food producers and manufacturers to produce foods that not only satisfy hunger and provide valuable nutrients, but can be used as preventative medicine to improve both physical and mental health [ 3 ].

The World Health Organization WHO and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations FAO have described diets and lifestyle habits that can contribute to the development of such chronic diseases as cancer, osteoporosis, coronary heart disease, obesity, periodontal disease, and type 2 diabetes [ 4 ].

Therefore, changes in diet and potentially the inclusion of functional foods could lead to the prevention of chronic diseases. As a growing market, functional foods zllanblackia steadily increasing economic importance.

With regard to plant-based oils as functional foods, information on both the primary i. While numerous reviews about bioactive components in the common commodity oils are available, the literature describing primary and secondary constituents in new, alternative, edible plant-based oils is still sparse. Additionally, few studies have specifically focused on the roles of these phytochemicals in preventive strategies e.

Forest Center

The current review summarizes information known about the oils expressed from seeds of species of Allanblackia Oliv. Bentham Clusiaceaea genus that is currently the focus of a high degree of attention with regard to its consumption and commercial exploitation.

The genus Allanblackia is a member of the flowering plant family Clusiaceae Lindley also Guttiferae Juss. The family comprises the subfamilies Clusieae Choisy Clusia L.

Species belonging to the Garcinieae are dioecious and share several morphological characters including the possession of colleters clusters of mucilaginous secretory hairscapitate stigmas, frequently non-scaly buds and anthers that open toward the gynoecium, as well as fruits that are indehiscent and baccate, whereby the testa and endocarp are at least partially fused [ 5 ].

Sweeney [ 6 ] and Ruhfel et al. Nine species of Allanblackia have been recognized, all of which are restricted in their natural distribution to tropical Africa, according to Bamps et al. Three of these species A. Native geographic distributions of a Allanblackia floribunda ; b A. Maps reprinted with permission from: Allanblackia floribunda vegetable tallow tree is a tree species that is commonly distributed in the moist tropical forest zone that extends from Nigeria east to the Central African Republic and the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo, then south to northern Angola and eastward to Uganda [ 10 ].

Allanblackia parviflora also referred to as vegetable tallow tree has been frequently confused with A. Both are evergreen trees that, when mature, can attain a height of up to 30 m and a trunk diameter of 80 cm; can have reddish-brown bark with small, irregular scales; possess opposite, simple, entire, glabrous, estipulate leaves with short ca.

The male flowers of A. In addition, the distributional areas of the species rarely overlap in nature, with trees of A. Line drawings detailing characteristic botanical features of a Allanblackia floribunda 1base of bole; 2flowering twig; 3fruit; and 4fruit in cross section showing seeds ; and b A.

Line drawings reprinted with permission from: Allanblackia stuhlmannii in Swahili: Mkangea species endemic to Tanzania, is distributed from Tanga in the North-East Highlands to the Iringa Region in the Southern Highlands, throughout the Eastern Arc Mountains, and occurs in mid-elevation evergreen sub-montane and montane forests. These evergreen trees can attain a mature height of up to 45 m, but have a more slender trunk ca.

See Table 1 for a comparison among the main botanical characteristics of the three species. Line drawing detailing characteristic botanical features of a Allanblackia stuhlmannii 1twig with male flowers; 2fruit; 3seed; and 4seed in cross section ; and b photos of A. Munjunga reprinted with permission from: Botanical characteristics of three species of Allanblackia of commercial interest [ 101112 ].

Proper botanical identification of the species used as a source of Allanblackia seeds is important when considering the use of the seed oil as a functional food or an ingredient in food products.

Only when oil derived from the correct plant species and plant part unadulterated is used can the product be deemed safe for human consumption and assessed as to whether it has the chemical constituency that it claims.

Many data are still lacking for species of Allanblackia that could be collected using identification methods such as macroscopic, microscopic, organoleptic, thin-layer chromatography TLChigh-pressure HP TLC, HP liquid chromatography HPLC and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, all of which are commonly used in the quality control of botanical ingredients. By the late 19th century, well-established colonial empires such as France, Britain, Belgium and Portugal had already laid claim to large areas of Africa, while developing imperial powers such as Germany and Italy had followed suit on a smaller scale.

Colonial powers invested significant efforts in—among other things—the exploration and exploitation of the new colonies as sources of raw materials for European industry [ 13 ].

Many alternative oil seeds were identified and studied, in particular by French, Belgian, and Italian institutions conducting research for their colonies in Central Africa, in part to provide the colonies with information about local plants that could be used for food and energy production.

During the Great War, Allanblackia oil was used as a substitute for cocoa butter during the manufacture of chocolate [ 14 ]. The traditional use of the Allanblackia seed oil has been reported for Allanblackia floribunda vegetable tallow tree, Kisidwe nutsA. Uses for Allanblackia oil vary according to the region in which the species occur.

After the seeds are ground and pressed to extract the oil, the bitter seedcake can be used as a protein-rich animal feed [ 18 ]. The frequency of traditional use of Allanblackia oil, however, has decreased over the last 50 years due to the availability of other commercially available oils. The seeds have a substantial value due to the high nutritional value of the oil, as well as its unique physical properties, which are similar in some ways to those of the oil obtained from the seed kernels of the African oil palm Elaeis guineensis Jacq.

After decolonization in Africa, the research efforts to discover new, alternative oilseeds continued. In the s and s, the seed oil from Allanblackia fruits harvested in the East Usambara Mountains in Tanzania was exported to Europe in small, but significant quantities [ 14 ].

In the s, research efforts were supported by members of the African Safou Network ASANETwhich was initiated in to conserve indigenous fruit tree genetic resources, and which attempted to establish a market for the seed oil of the Safou or Atanga tree Dacryodes edulisBurseraceae [ 21 ]. The seed oil of A. Inthe European Food Safety Authority deemed Allanblackia seed oil described as oil derived from the seeds of A. The food products that contain Allanblackia seed oil include vegetable-based dairy products, ice cream, and spreads [ 25 ].

It should be noted, however, that some of the concerns mentioned in Section 2.

The ESFA European food safety authority recommended that only species of Allanblackia that had been subjected to toxicological studies should serve allanblackix sources of raw materials for the seed oil production, but due to the continued prevalence of wildcrafting of materials in some regions and the absence of quality control parameters for many of these species, this recommendation may not always be followed. The samples analyzed by the ESFA were derived allanbladkia only two species of Allanblackia and, thus, did not represent the full species diversity to be found in the tropical rain forests in various geographic regions of Africa.

Results from detailed, systematic, comparative analyses of the chemical composition of seeds from species of Allanblackia have not been made publically available. In their application to include Allanblackia seed oil in vegetable-based spreads, submitted inUnilever Deutschland GmbH indicated that some batches of the unrefined seed oil contained benzophenone derivatives i.

The latter compound induces cellular apoptosis and has been reported as a constituent of A. With respect to the use of Allanblackia oil as a functional food, therefore, this information serves as evidence that at least the unrefined seed oil contains bioactive secondary metabolites that could exert pharmacological effects.

Further in vitro and in vivo studies are needed, however, to fully investigate the extent of this bioactivity. As mentioned above, it is crucial to gather information about the origin of plant-based fats and oils, since both genetic and environmental factors influence aspects of production and trade.

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Allanblackia trees that have been planted for the lforibunda production of seed oil need significant time to mature, usually seven years or more, before they produce an economic crop, and due to the dioecious nature of the plants, obviously a crop will only be obtained from productive female plants. In general, tree crop yields can be affected by seasonal climatic changes, as well as environmental factors such as the use of herbicides, fungicides, or pesticides e.

The FAO had already identified Allanblackia as a crop of high potential interest indue to the potential for the seed oil which was listed as a non-edible oil at that time to become a profitable and sustainable raw material, the development of which could benefit rural communities [ 29 ]. Several studies and surveys have flotibunda conducted in recent years to assess the socioeconomic progress associated with the establishment of a supply chain for Allanblackia oil [ 203031 ].

Currently, Allanblackia seed e.

Tallow Tree (Allanblackia floribunda) ·

In addition, more recent studies on seed germination and propagation, sex determination of individuals, population biology, and genetic diversity for selected species in specific geographic locations have been carried out [ 3334 ].

In particular, results of flkribunda analyses with respect to amplified fragment length polymorphisms AFLP have indicated that this method may be useful to differentiate among species, especially when vegetative material only is available for collection in regions where more than one species of Allanblackia occur, and that the high levels of AFLP variation rloribunda useful domestication opportunities [ 34 ].

Much data is still allanblackja, however, for entire species, and significant gaps in the data exist even for the more common species of Allanblackia with respect to their reproductive biology, propagation, cultivation, selection, and breeding, which need floribundaa be addressed through targeted research.

Like many commonly-used vegetable oils, Allanblackia oil consists of well-known triglycerides. Because it contains tocopherol as a minor constituent, it has good storage stability characteristics.

Due to its chemical composition and relatively high melting point ca. The fact that it does not require additional transformation to acquire the desired characteristics is an added advantage.

As in the case of other oils, Allanblackia oil floribinda be combined with other oils or fats to achieve specific physical properties. Allanblackia seed oil shares some characteristics with shea butter from the seeds of Vitellaria paradoxa C.

Sapotaceaemaking it a valuable and florbunda raw material in both the food and cosmetic industries. The triglyceride composition of the seed oil indicates that, given the existence of a stable supply chain, Allanblackia oil can potentially serve as an alternative in many food and cosmetic products to palm oil, cocoa butter, and shea butter.

Allanblackia floribunda – Wikipedia

When considering the implications of the use of Allanblackia seed oil as a functional food or functional food component, it is important to keep in mind that individual SFAs have different effects on blood cholesterol levels. Other long chain SFAs that often predominate in plant-based oils, including lauric C These results indicate floribunva including fats and oils or functional foods containing these that are rich in stearic acid, as opposed to other SFAs, floribunfa the diet could be advantageous, particularly for hypercholesterolemic individuals [ 38 ].

An early study of A. Triglyceride components consisted mostly of 2-oleostearin In a more recent study, in which seeds collected from seven individuals of A. Another study, in which A. The oil, examined with gas chromatography, consisted of Analyses of seeds collected from A.

Positive chemical reactions that indicated the presence of minor amounts of alkaloids, flavonoids, saponins, allanblackkia tannins were observed, although it must be noted that these results must be confirmed by alternative methods e. While few studies have thus far been conducted to examine intra- and interpopulation differences in Allanblackia seed oil yield and composition, one such study in which 17—40 fruits were sampled from each of 70 A.

Significant tree-to-tree variation in the mass of the fruits, number of seeds in each fruit, and chemical constituents of the seed oil were observed [ 42 ]. On one hand, these results allowed the researchers to identify a potential breeding population trees that produced seeds with desired characteristicsbut on the other hand, the high degree of variation in both physical and chemical properties of the fruits and seeds of the wild A.

The optimum conditions for the extraction of seed oil from several species of Allanblackia have yet to be determined. One study, however, has been conducted with A.

ANEMIAS HEMOLITICAS PDF

Hemolíticas. Keywords: Autoimmune hemolytic anemia, cold agglutinin disease, autoantibodies, treatment. Palabras clave: Anemia hemolitica autoinmune. Request PDF on ResearchGate | Protocolo diagnóstico de las anemias hemolíticas | The hemolytic anemias diagnosis remains a clinical challenge. Once a. Download Citation on ResearchGate | On Nov 1, , M. J. García Rodríguez and others published Protocolo diagnóstico de las anemias hemolíticas.

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Roberto Ferreira Pinto Machado. Estima-se que em todo o mundo aproximadamente Dois outros estudos confirmam esses achados: Oximetria de pulso noturna. Patterns of mortality in sickle cell disease in the United Kingdom. Mortality in sickle cell disease.

Anemias hemolíticas (1)

Life expectancy and risk factors for early death. N Engl J Med.

Sickle cell chronic lung disease: Causes of death in sickle-cell disease in Jamaica. Effect of hydroxyurea on mortality and morbidity in adult sickle cell anemia: Systemic fat embolism and pulmonary hypertension in sickle cell disease.

Hematol Oncol Clin North Am. Pulmonary hypertension and cor pulmonale in the sickle hemoglobinopathies.

[Anemias hemoliticas].

Left ventricular filling pressure in sickle cell anemia. J Assoc Acad Minor Phys. Sickle cell heart disease. Two-dimensional echo and Doppler ultrasonographic findings in the hearts of adult patients with sickle cell anemia.

Pulmonary hypertension in sickle cell disease. Pulmonary hypertension and sickle hemoglobinopathy. Pulmonary hypertension in sickle cell hemoglobinopathy: Pulmonary hypertension in sickle cell disease: Pulmonary hypertension as a risk factor for death in patients anemiae sickle cell disease.

N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide levels and risk of death in sickle cell disease. Pulmonary hypertension in patients with sickle cell disease: Cell-free hemoglobin limits nitric oxide bioavailability in sickle-cell disease. Lactate dehydrogenase as a biomarker of hemolysis-associated nitric oxide resistance, priapism, leg ulceration, pulmonary hypertension, and death in patients with sickle cell disease. Dysregulated arginine metabolism, hemolysis-associated pulmonary hypertension, and mortality in sickle cell disease.

The clinical sequelae of intravascular hemolysis and anmias plasma hemoglobin: Pulmonary hypertension after splenectomy? Pulmonary arterial hypertension in previously splenectomized patients with beta-thalassemic disorders. Recurrent thromboembolic disease following splenectomy for pyruvate kinase deficiency. Hereditary spherocytosis, thrombocytosis, and chronic pulmonary emboli: Intravenous injection of sonicated blood induces pulmonary anrmias in rabbits with ligation of the splenic artery.

Plasma “free” HB is related to red cell derived vesicle numbers in sickle cell anemia and thalassemia intermedia: Enhanced platelet reactivity and hypercoagulability in the steady state of sickle cell anaemia.

Blood proteins C and S in sickle cell disease. Changes in coagulation and fibrinolysis in patients with sickle cell disease compared with healthy black controls. Plasma factor VII and thrombin-antithrombin III levels indicate increased tissue factor activity in sickle cell patients. Decreased protein S activity in sickle cell disease. Nouv Rev Fr Hematol. Enhanced thrombin generation in children with sickle cell disease.

Sickle blood contains tissue factor-positive microparticles derived from endothelial cells and monocytes. Causes of death in sickle cell disease: Pulmonary thromboembolism in beta-thalassemia intermedia: An extreme consequence of splenectomy in dehydrated hereditary stomatocytosis: Thrombo-embolic disease after splenectomy for hereditary stomatocytosis.

Diastolic dysfunction is an independent risk factor for death in patients with sickle cell disease. J Am Coll Cardiol. Hemodynamic and functional assessment of patients with sickle cell disease and pulmonary anemiaw. Sitaxsentan therapy for pulmonary arterial hypertension.

Severity of pulmonary hypertension during vaso-occlusive pain crisis and exercise in patients hdmoliticas sickle cell disease. Sildenafil therapy in patients with sickle cell disease and pulmonary hypertension. Efficacy and safety of sildenafil in the treatment anemiias severe pulmonary hypertension in patients with hemoglobinopathies.

Successful pulmonary thromboendarterectomy in two patients with sickle cell disease. Oxygen saturation with sleep in patients with sickle cell disease. Nocturnal oxygen saturation and painful sickle cell crises in children.

Mechanisms he,oliticas nocturnal oxyhemoglobin desaturation in hemolitlcas and adolescents with sickle cell disease. Nocturnal hypoxaemia and central-nervous-system events in sickle-cell disease.

Hypoxaemia in sickle cell disease: The effect of anticoagulant therapy in primary and anorectic drug-induced pulmonary hypertension. The effect of high doses of calcium-channel blockers on survival in primary pulmonary hypertension. Long-term treatment with sildenafil in a thalassemic patient with pulmonary hypertension.

Hemodynamic studies in sickle cell anemia. Fax 1 E-mail: All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License.

Services on Demand Journal. SCS Quadra 1, Bl.

How to cite this article.

DITTUS BOELTER EQUATION PDF

The Dittus-Boelter equation gives the heat transfer coefficient h for heat transfer from the fluid flowing through a pipe to the pipe walls. It was determined by. DITTUS-BOELTER EQUATION. (see Supercritical heat transfer; Tubes, single phase heat transfer in). Number of views: Article added: 8 February Thus the Dittus-Boelter equation (eq) should be used,. Thus h can be calculated for the known values of k, and d, which comes out to be. Energy balance is.

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Each flow geometry requires different correlations be used to obtain heat transfer coefficients. Initially, we will look at correlations for fluids flowing in conduits.

RMP Lecture Notes

Most correlations will take the “Nusselt form”: The correlations that follow are limited to conduit flow without phase change. Different geometries, boiling, and condensation will be covered dittuss later lectures. Frictional heating viscous dissipation is not included in these correlations.

This should not be a problem, since this phenomena is typically neglected except for highly viscous flows or gases at high mach numbers.

Unless otherwise specified, fluid properties should be evaluated at the “bulk average” temperature — the arithmetic mean of the inlet and outlet temperatures: When choosing a correlation, begin by asking: What is the geometry? Flow through eqaution pipe, around an object, over a plane, etc.

Is there a phase change?

DITTUS-BOELTER EQUATION

What is the flow regime? Check the Reynolds number to decide on equatioj, transition, or turbulent flow. If the flow is laminar, is natural convection important? The Grashof number will be used for this. The exponent on the Prandtl number depends on the service — wquation. Different values are needed because of the variation of viscosity with temperature.

Heating and cooling effect the velocity profile of a flowing fluid differently because of the temperature dependence of viscosity. Heating usually makes the fluid near the wall less viscous, so the flow profile becomes more “plug-like. The effect is most pronounced for viscous flows with large wall — bulk temperature differences. Instead of using different exponents for heating and cooling, a direct correction for viscosity can be used.

This takes the form of the ratio of the viscosity at the bulk fluid temperature to the viscosity at the wall temperature. The ratio is then raised to the 0.

Levenspiel recommends the following correlation for transition flow. The entrance effect correction may be omitted for “long” conduits. Many of the laminar flow correlations are set up in terms of the Graetz Number.

Consequently, you must be very careful to use the form that matches the correlation you are using. Two correlations are provided for laminar flow, depending on the magnitude of the Graetz number.

Nusselt number

For Gz which approaches a limiting value of 3. Heat usually causes the density of a fluid to change. Less dense fluid tends to rise, while the more dense fluid falls.

The result is circulation — “natural” or “free” convection. This movement raises h values in slow moving fluids near surfaces, but is rarely significant in turbulent flow. Thus, it is necessary to check and compensate for free convection only in laminar flow problems.

It makes use of the coefficient of volume expansion: The fluid properties used to calculate the Grashof number should be evaluated at the equuation temperaturethe arithmetic mean between the bulk and wall temperatures. This will require determining an additional set of property values. The Grashof Number provides a measure of the significance of natural convection.

When the Grashof Number is greater thanheat transfer coefficients should be corrected to reflect the increase due to free circulation. Multiplicative correction factors are available to apply to the Nusselt Number or the heat transfer coefficient do NOT use both.

LUDOVICO EINAUDI LE ONDE SPARTITO PDF

View Ludovico Einaudi – Le Onde (Spartito – Piano Sheet Music) from MUSICAL at Ton Duc Thang University. Free Le Onde piano sheet music is provided for you. Le Onde is a music by Ludovico Einaudi who is an Italian pianist and composer. Le Onde – Ludovico Einaudi – free sheet music and tabs for nylon guitar. Learn this song on Jellynote with our interactive sheet music and tabs. Play along with.

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Le onde – Ludovico Einaudi sheet music for Piano download free in PDF or MIDI

Why am I seeing this? Uploaded on Jun 26, Pages 6 Duration Hi, I’ve learned spatito basic 2 page version of Le Onde and I’m just starting to do this larger piece now.

My question is about the pedalling. Do those pedal marks say to press and hold the sustain pedal on ‘ped’ and then not to release and reapply until the next time ‘ped’ is mentioned?

Ludovico Einaudi Sheet Music Downloads at

Or do the pedal marks indicate that the pedal applied on ‘ped’ and then lifted and then reapplied on each vertical line, being held for the duration of the horizontal line?

Such as at the end and beginning of the bars?

This piece is so very well done, it’s a pleasure to play it. This is absolutely beautiful!!!