Scientific name. Macrotyloma uniflorum (Lam.) Verdc. Subordinate taxa: Macrotyloma uniflorum (Lam.) Verdc. var. benadirianum (Chiov.) Verdc. Macrotyloma. Horse gram seeds (Indian name: Kulthi) Macrotyloma uniflorum, Organic Heirloom Untreated Seeds. For Growing Or Sprouting Horse Gram (Macrotyloma . Biflorus, horse gram, horse grain, kulthi bean, madras bean, madras gram, poor man’s pulse, dolic biflore, grain de cheval, kerdekorn, pferdebohne, pferdekorn.

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Uses and Management Uses and Management Uses. Cotyledons without venationabout x mm, obovateheld erect and parallel to the stem.

Horse gram (Macrotyloma uniflorum) | Feedipedia

Flowers are self-fertile and cleistogamous, although evidence of some cross-pollination by insects. Comparatively, horse gram seeds have higher trypsin inhibitor and hemagglutinin activities and natural phenols than most bean seeds. This article needs additional citations for verification. It is native to the old world tropics and indigenous to India. Horse gram is a short day, twining, succulent, annual climbing herb which has trifoliate leaves, white coloured flowers, long linear pubescent pods with curved beak, flattened small seeds with light red, brown, grey, black or mottled testa with photo and thermo-sensitive nature.

Message The user has shared this species from India Biodiversity Portal with you. Altitudinal range in NEQ from m. First leaves orbicular to cordatepulvinus present. Leaf disease can be a problem in higher rainfall areas. Search in all groups Search within this group.

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Best supported on Google Chrome, Firefox 3. Horse gram and moth bean are legumes of the tropics and subtropicsgrown mostly under dry-land agriculture. Horse gram can be cultivated up to an altitude of m above the sea level. Sasidharan,Flora of Karnataka, Sharma B. It is commonly used in making pon ye gyia fermented bean paste used in traditional Burmese cuisine. Horse gram belongs to the genus Macrotyloma and contains 25 species indigenous to Africa and Asia.


Like other legumes, these are deficient unifolrum methionine and tryptophanthough horse gram is an excellent source of iron and molybdenum. Ahmednagar, Kolhapur, Nasik, Pune Karnataka: User specific search options User. Archaeological investigations have revealed the use of horse gram as food especially in India as origin around BC.

Natural phenols are mostly phenolic acidsnamely, 3,4-dihydroxybenzoicmacrotylimavanilliccaffeicp -coumaricferulicsyringic and sinapic acids.

In traditional Ayurvedic cuisine, horse gram is considered a food with medicinal qualities. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The majority of antioxidant properties are confined to the seed coat and its removal would not do any good.

It could also cover phenomena such as “plant flowering” or “chewing rates”. Twining, sub-erect annual with cylindrical, slightly hairy to tomentose stems, 30—60 cm tall in pure stands, or 60—90 cm with support framework.

Grown as a grain crop in India; one of the few native Australian species used as a crop. Normally drilled or broadcast into a well-prepared seedbed, but can establish with little ground disturbance.

Similarly, inoculation is usually not essential, since, like M. It does not grow well on higher altitudes because of cool and wet climate.


Horse gram seed is low in amcrotyloma and is excellent sources of protein, dietary fiber, a variety of micro-nutrients and phytochemicals still it has remained an underutilized food legume, consumed only by the farming communities of inaccessible areas and low-income groups. In any event, the source must be explicitly quoted. Very drought tolerant, but does not tolerate kniflorum or waterlogging.

Click on images to enlarge Pods and seeds. Does not seem to adversely affect ruminants.

Adapted to a wide macrotylmoa of well-drained soils from sands and gravels to clay loams and heavy clays. Scientists from the Indian Institute of Chemical Technology have found that unprocessed raw uniflirum gram seeds not only possess antihyperglycemic properties, but also have qualities which reduce insulin resistance.

Natural History Natural History Cyclicity. Though both require prolonged cooking, a soak solution 1. The pods are indehiscent and retain the seed. Occurs in NEQ and southwards as far as south-eastern Queensland. Often not relished by cattle on first introduction, but then well eaten following a period of adjustment. Dolichos biflorus Sensu auct.

Inflorescence a short raceme of two or three flowers, sometimes reduced to a single flower. Drought tolerance capacity of horse gram is attributed in parts to various pathways like antioxidant and osmolyte biosynthesis, making it sturdy enough to withstand long periods of drought with minimum management.