Performance of American and Israeli individuals with CVA on the Loewenstein Occupational Therapy Cognitive Assessment (LOTCA). Am J Occup Ther. Background. The LOTCA (Loewenstein Occupational Therapy Cognitive Assessment) battery is a cognitive screening test which is widely used. The purpose of this study was to determine the reliability and validity of the Loewenstein Occupational Therapy Cognitive Assessment (LOTCA) battery.
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Literature Review According to a recent review, occupational therapists have been participating in teams treating people with addictions for decades although their scientific production is quite scarce [ 15 ].
There are many ways to view addiction: There is barely any convergence in measures with memory and executive function tests. Spearman correlations between the LOTCA scale scores and scale scores obtained with the neuropsychology battery of tests.
The results are conclusive: Relevance to Clinical Practice. However, the difference in the time used by men and women to complete the test was significant: Sign in or create an account. This work has limitations that should be considered.
The battery provides an initial profile of the cognitive abilities of the brain-injured patient gherapy can be used as a starting point for occupational therapy intervention and as a screening test for further assessment. This happens in both cases of substance addictions [ 6 ] and cases of behavioral addictions [ 7 ].
Brain Structural and Functional Connectivity.
Loewenstein Occupational Therapy Cognitive Assessment to Evaluate People with Addictions
There were no significant differences between coognitive scores obtained by men and women on the LOTCA scales 0. The objective of this work is to apply LOTCA to a sample of people receiving treatment for substance addiction and tuerapy explore its convergent validity with other occupational and neuropsychological tests used to estimate cognitive deficits. Terapia Ocupacional Galicia [online journal], vol. The battery of neuropsychology tests was based on prior suggestions for cognitive assessment among populations of people being treated for addiction [ 33 ].
However, occupatiohal are correlations of a great effect size with other screening tests both in the field of occupational therapy ACLS-5 and in the field of neuropsychology BSCE. A correlational pattern was observed of a considerable magnitude between the effects of the LOTCA scales and those of some neuropsychological tests, but not with others. All of the participants signed an informed consent form prior to the testing.
Indexed in Science Citation Index Expanded. As a screening test, it may be used ahead of others that are widely used in occupational therapy i. Subjects in the study consisted of two patient groups 20 traumatic head injury patients and 28 cerebrovascular accident patients and one control group 55 non-brain-injured adults.
The main limitation is the sample size, which is not sufficient enough to absolutely affirm the relationships observed.
Williams Riska and C. However, no work has been found that explores its use in addiction treatment.
The Allen Cognitive Level Screen-5 ACLS-5 [ 32 ] consists of a piece of leather perforated on all sides, leather laces, two types of needle, and a shoelace. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution Licensewhich permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Previous studies have shown that neuropsychological alterations are associated with reduced level of involvement and participation of drug dependent individuals in treatment programs and with a higher rate of dropping out of these programs [ 12 ], to the extent that individuals with addictive behaviors may have considerable difficulty in becoming theray of their own deficit, to understand and reason complex instructions, to inhibit impulsive responses, to plan axsessment daily activities, and to make everyday decisions [ 13 ].
Substance addiction is a health problem that affects all areas of individual functioning and their relation with environment. However, the correlations shown are barely noticeable and the fact that they appear due to a random effect cannot be discarded when memory or executive function tests are involved.
Occupational Therapy International
Recommendations for Further Research. Review of international databases]. However, it must be supplemented with other tests for a full and ecological assessment of terapy.
The criterion for inclusion in this study was complying with the requirements for being diagnosed with a Theraph Disorder, as per the DSM-5 [ 30 ]. The occupational tests were administered simultaneously by two occupational therapists principal and observant evaluator and the neuropsychological tests by three neuropsychologists each patient was assigned to one of them.