The scale is composed of 24 items divided into 2 subscales, 13 concerning performance anxiety, and 11 pertaining to social situations. The Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale (LSAS) was the first evaluation The score equal to or greater than 32 is suggested as a cutoff score for the. The Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale (LSAS) is a widely used The original LSAS model implied by the scoring instructions yields seven.

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However, they provided redundant information and did not fit the factor structure of our data well. Only participants who had both a month and a month follow-up LSAS were included in the one-year lebowitz stability analyses.

Scores higher liebowifz 90 indicate that SAD is highly probable. J Affect Disord3: Behav Modif22 3: Method Participants The sample was composed of university students, of both genders, aged between 18 and 35 years.

Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale: Overall, the sample showed no statistically significant differences regarding the sociodemographic data. First, we sought to evaluate basic psychometric properties of the clinician-administered LSAS in a sample of African Americans with a range of anxiety disorders.

Lisbowitz are closely supervised during training sessions and initial actual interviews by training supervisors. New interviewers discuss videotapes of interviews and conduct mock interviews with experienced interviewers. A brief screening assessment for generalized social anxiety disorder.

Liebowitz social anxiety scale – Wikipedia

J Anxiety Disord16 6: Area under the ROC curve. Future work might also utilize an item-response approach to examine whether LSAS items “behave” in a similar way in African American as in European Wcoring populations. Its total score varies from 0 to points and it has been adapted into Brazilian Portuguese, with excellent psychometric properties internal consistency: Depress Anxiety26 1: Mod Probl Pharmacopsychiatry22 1: Comparative fit indexes in structural models.


This structure was preferred in a sample of treatment seeking individuals diagnosed with SAD Safren et al.

The Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale: Depress Anxiety6: Additionally, future investigations are needed to examine the convergent and divergent validity of the LSAS in African American samples. Moreover, examining the factor structure of measures anxieyt diverse samples may inform about whether the construct of social anxiety differs across ethnic and racial groups in clinically meaningful ways.

It was proposed as a clinician-administered scale consisting of 24 items, on two subscales, which evaluate the symptoms of fear and the avoidance of social situations experienced by scorlng individual in the previous week.

Mov Disorders23 The Student t-test and ANOVA were used to compare the variables according to the gender of the participants, the clinical groups and the SAD subtypes, using the Bonferroni post-hoc test. Monte Carlo evaluations of goodness-of-fit indices for structural equation models. To discriminate between the SAD case participants and those with subclinical SAD, the interval between scores 39 and 45 was indicated, since this presented a satisfactory balance between the parameters analyzed, with sensitivity and specificity both above 0.

It should be noted that Module F refers to Sdale Anxiety and has been translated and adapted into Portuguese [ 25 ].


Method The sample was composed of Brazilians university students, allocated into three different groups, i. Usually, the sum of the total fear and total avoidance scores are used in determining the final score thus, essentially it uses the same numbers as the self-administered test.

Scores in this range often are accompanied by great distress and difficulty in social functioning, and are also commonly seen in persons entering treatment for the generalized type of SAD. Confirmatory factor analyses for three previously proposed models failed to demonstrate an excellent fit to our data.

Liebowitz social anxiety scale

However, in Europe, the cutoff scores were different in each country, a Turkish study suggested that the score should be higher than 50 [ 14 ], while a Spanish study suggested a score between A confirmatory factor analysis of a self-report version of the Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale.

These assessment scales can be important in screening for possible cases and can help in making the clinical diagnoses. Table 1 Criteria for inclusion of the participants into Social Anxiety Disorder groups, according to the diagnoses. Guidelines of the Brazilian Medical Association for the diagnosis and differential diagnosis of social anxiety disorder.

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