participatory manage• ment models and the rules and norms established by the National System of Conservation Units (SNUC – Lei #, July 18, ). On July 18, , through Law , the Brazilian Government created the National System of Protected Areas (SNUC, in Portuguese), in order to establish a. 15 mar. Lei nº / – SNUC, a PROGE foi, em casos específicos, consultada sobre a legali- dade de retomada de mineração em Flona, tendo as.

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However, the recent events, as well as the increasing awareness about sbuc complexity, will gradually give meaning to the actions taken in this direction nowadays.

Factsheet: SNUC | S2BIOM

The big difference lies on the purpose of the protected areas and on the fact that the 99985 prerogative of Conservation Units is conserving the nature. In other words, the focus shifted from species and communities to the environment. In this context, Brazil, which has one of the greatest biodiversity rates on the planet, appears as strategic target of the Biodiversity Convention developments.

According to Drummond and Barros-Platiauthe Forest Code and the Wildlife Code were responsible for the future CU categories of full protection and sustainable use, since they envisioned protected areas that could not be used national, state and local parks and biological reserves as well as those where the direct use was allowed national forests and hunting parks.

Finally, there is the practical difficulty of defining economic activities that could be considered as being of indirect use, so they could be practiced, or even encouraged, within full protection conservation units.

Parques | Unidades de Conservação

Fial Considerations The Wildlife Refuge category was created from assumptions related to the protection of specific resources of restricted spatial or even seasonal occurrence, especially those 985 the fauna. According to Medeirosthe Animal Protection Law creates CU categories such as National Biological Reserve only indirect use and Federal Hunting Park providing direct useand it snuf creates spaces called refuges and reserves, which are geared to animal preservation.

Acesso em 23 jun. As for the trajectory of the environmental issue discussion, protected areas proliferated worldwide since the s and human presence in CUs became subject of debates.

However, the current research proposes a reflection on the possibility of looking to other directions by focusing not only on dualistic antagonisms, but also on complementarity terms lsi conflict denial LIMA,since, according to Leffp. This definition was included in Feldmann’s clean bill as “the one that does not involve consumption, collection, damage or destruction of natural resources” SOUZA,Annex A and thus, it was kept in the Snnuc publication.

Thus, the category concept used to create Wildlife Refuges at federal level distanced itself from the goals or aspirations related to its origin in the SNUC process development. This link 995 consistent with the statements by the key-informant interviewed during the development of current research.


By making a more accurate and strict analysis, one can assume that the only human activities that could be allowed within full protection CUs would be non-productive in terms of production of goods, such as tourism, education or research.

Thus, extractive reserves were created by the Executive Ordinance No. The national conservation unit system and the wildlife refuge category As for the trajectory of the environmental issue discussion, protected areas proliferated worldwide since the enuc and znuc presence in CUs became subject of debates. The authors attribute this progress to the new development ideology in Brazil – since it enabled a political environment conducive to the modernization process that characterized the country at that time – as well as to “the influence and pressure lel by organized nature-protection movements, which began wnuc better equip themselves” MEDEIROS,p.

The greening of thought drives the time horizon expansion necessary for the understanding the environmental issue requires. According to two other managers, the concept of RVS is related to the protection of a specific resource and linked to relatively small areas.

Based on the works by Max Weber, Leff shows possible ways to analyze environmental issues and indicates the concept of rationality as being of great value to it.

This shift has important consequences, which we will discussed later. It was possible to identify the shift in the category focus from specific resources to a broader concept of natural environment as a whole, fact that put it very close to the other full protection categories.

The herein presented research encompasses literature review and documentary research, as well as kei done with a key-informant who participated in decisive moments related to the preparation of the National Conservation Unit System, which is a public policy that set the Wildlife Refuge category in According to this understanding, this category may have been considered as a sort snkc Natural Monument i concept applied to the biological context.

It was repealed by Decree No. The herein proposed reflection is organized in seven sections, namely: Their opinion is in accordance with the original inspiration mentioned in the current study. A questionnaire comprising 12 questions was sent by email to the key-informant. The units were created according to policies that encouraged environmental devastation “sometimes on behalf of the development, sometimes as a result of the abandonment of territorial planning, sometimes as a consequence of the pursuit for national integration, or as a result of the most absolute administrative negligence” OLIVEIRA,p.

The current snkc difficulty lies on the fact that the RVS problem, as well as the CU management problem in general, is not just about concept, it is a political issue. By analyzing the decrees that created the Federal Refuges, it was possible to see that only one of the seven existing refuges has some direct relation to the protection of fauna species among its goals. It is worth highlighting that the ECO 92 Snkc Summit lek, in which 9985 a report was presented, was held in Snkc authors highlight that no one paid attention to the interests of traditional communities at any time during the period of developmental actions by the military governmentespecially in the second half of the s.


It encompassed, among its goals, the management of the hitherto existing conservation units National Parks, Biological Reserves and National Forests.

Although it is initially clear that the RVS may be composed of private 99985, later in his text the author includes the RVS in the purely public domain CU group, in which expropriation is mandatory.

The incentives were essentially directed to the expansion of agricultural and urban borders and to the deployment of infrastructures.

Factsheet: SNUC

The answers to the questions were sent back on May 22, Revista dos Tribunais,p. Pureza shows another understanding of the possible inspiration for the RVS category definition. It also analyzes the answers given by the managers of the seven existing federal RVS. Salvador, ano VI, n.

The decree that created Rio dos Frades RVS refers to the concept of natural nsuc applied to biological aspects, since it intends to “preserve natural ecosystems of great ecological relevance and scenic beauty”. Thus, the difficulty to accept and live with constraints and determinations based on intangible needs, which are often specially geared to the common good and contrary to the hegemonic rationality, is somewhat understandable.

llei It was observed that three different opinions on the category origin and on its current role find place in the debate proposed in the current research. The Third World Congress on National Parks was held in and it started the debate about a policy able to correlate regional, state and national development, local populations, natural resources and environment in the management of protected areas.

The goal of protecting natural spaces as well as their attributes serves the current and future generations.

Regulamenta dispositivos da Lei no Socio-environmentalism is understood as a perspective that considers social inclusion in the management of protected areas; it comprises Social Ecology, Political Ecology and Environmental Justice, and it advocates for a paradigm shift in the environmental knowledge and in the policies directed to the area, by valuing the local communities’ culture, participation and self-determination Menezes and Siena,p.

According to Rodriguesthe Wildlife Refuge category was inspired by the American National Wildlife Refuges, which purpose is to preserve the wildlife resources in the country by focusing on endangered species, and it also provides recreation and environmental education. Sustainism is based on concepts such as eco-efficiency, ecological modernization and green economy and it values the positive relationship between economic development and environmental preservation.