H. Kogelnik, “Theory of Optical-Waveguides in Guided Wave Optoelectronics,” Springer-Verlag, Berlin, , pp. H. Kogelnik, “Theory of dielectric waveguides,” in Integrated Optics,T. Tamir, Ed. mode theory for optical waveguides was developed in early seventies [6–11]. optics. This chapter is devoted to the theory of these waveguides. Other chapters of .. which is taken from KOGELNIK and RAMASWAMY.

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Some examples of mode coupling are discussed in the following: Encyclopedia … combined with a great Buyer’s Guide! In high-power fiber amplifiers, a mechanism has been thoery which can couple power from the fundamental fiber mode into higher-order modes [12].

These equations contain coupling coefficients, which are usually calculated from overlap integrals, involving the two mode functions and the disturbance causing the coupling. Introduction By T Tamir.

Encyclopedia of Optical Engineering: RP Services and Tools.

B 58, In this way, mode B is prevented from acquiring sufficient power to extract power from mode A efficiently, so that mode A experiences only little loss, despite the coupling.

This theoty has been taken from a case study on beam propagation in fiber devices. Instead of using coupled-mode theory, which is based on simplifying assumptions which are not always waveguidess fulfilledone can also study mode coupling phenomena with numerical beam propagation.

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A 11 3 Contents Introduction By T Tamir. This method is computationally more intense, but can generate more detailed insight. This nonresonant nature of the coupling means that the coupling will in general have a small effect — which is essential for laser operation with high beam qualitysince otherwise aberrations would strongly excite higher-order modes, having a higher beam parameter product.

Technically, the mode coupling approach is often used in the form of coupled differential equations for the complex excitation amplitudes of all the involved modes.

The book should be of great interest to all researchers and engineers involved with integrated optics, optoelectronics and electro-optic systems and devices.

Guided-wave optoelectronics – Theodor Tamir – Google Books

For some cases with statistical variations of coupling effects, one may use a coupled-power theory instead of standard theories based on amplitude coupling [11]. Included are sections on basic theory as well as detailed descriptions of fabrication technology, applications and a plethora of available devices.


An important physical aspect of such coherent mode coupling phenomena is that the optical power transferred between two modes depends on the amplitudes which are already in both modes. Sorry, we don’t have an article for that keyword!

My library Help Advanced Book Search. The field evolution has been calculated with numerical beam propagation, and the local mode powers have been obtained from the results using overlap integrals with the mode functions as obtained from a mode solver applied to the bare fiber. Waveguide Transitions and Junctions. If the fiber is strongly bent, this can introduce coupling e. References to this book Encyclopedia of Optical Engineering: An optical fiber may have several propagation modes, to be calculated for the fiber being kept straight.

Written by nine authors who are internationally recognized authorities in their areas, the book contains chapters on optical waveguides, lightwave junctions and other thin-film components, lithium-niobate LiNbO3 devices, guided-mode semiconductor GaAs and related lasers and integrated optic devices. Bend losses can be understood as coupling to non-guided and thus lossy modes.

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From potical the book. Alferness radiation modes ratio reduced reflection refractive index resonance rib guide shown in Fig signal single-mode slab guide slab waveguide solutions spontaneous emission structure substrate switch symmetric techniques thickness threshold TM modes transition transverse wave equation waveguide mode wavelength width.

Optical resonators cavities can exhibit various kinds of mode coupling phenomena.

B 58, [7] W. Strong resonant coupling can occur in certain situations, involving frequency degeneracies of resonator modes.

Mode Coupling

In this situation, however, not all involved modes are necessarily resonant at the same time. Typically, the applied procedure is first to calculate the mode amplitudes for the given light input, then to propagate these amplitudes based on the above-mentioned coupled differential equations e.

The book is a completely new survey of the most recent advances in the areas of integrated optics and optelectronics. Express 14 13 For full-text searches, use our search page. Fiber Bragg gratings FBGs can be understood is fibers which are equipped with additional means for mode coupling — for example, for reflecting light with short period gratings or for coupling to modes guided modes or cladding modes propagating in the same direction with long period gratings.


Light-propagation and imaging in planar optical waveguides – IOPscience

Because of the systematic arrangement of its chapters, the book should also be very useful to graduate and senior undergraduate students. In addition, it will serve as a comprehensive reference manual for the theory and application of the most recent thin-film optical and optoelectronic technology. The basic idea of coupled-mode theory is to kovelnik all propagating light into the known modes of the undisturbed device, and then to calculate how these modes are coupled with each other by some additional influence.

Written by nine authors who are internationally recognized authorities in their areas, the book contains chapters on optical waveguides, lightwave junctions and other thin-film components, Guided-wave optoelectronics Volume 26 of Springer series in electronics and photonics. This mechanism can involve either a Kramers—Kronig effect or thermal distortions influencing the refractive index profile. This approach is often technically and conceptually waveugides more convenient than, e.

Common terms and phrases absorption achieved active layer active region AlGaAs amplifier Appl applications approximately band bandwidth branch capacitance cavity channel guide channel waveguides components confinement coupled-mode coupling loss curves depends devices dielectric diffusion directional coupler effective index electric field electro-optic electro-optic effect electrode epitaxial etched fabricated fiber filter frequency function GaAs gain compression given grating guided modes heterojunction IEEE increases index change InGaAsP input integrated optics length Lett LiNbO3 linear linewidth lithium niobate loss modal mode amplitudes mode conversion normal modes obtained optical waveguides output power parameters parasitics phase modulation phase shift photon density Phys planar polarization power transfer propagation constant R.