Kashmiri embroidery or kashida is colourful and beautiful as Kashmir itself. Kashida embroidery splits into three types when referring to the motif design. Discover premium handmade Kashmiri pashmina shawls wraps for women and silk rugs. SEMINAR ON KASHIDA OF KASHMIR. Submitted byDeepika Bisht I.D Dept of Clothing and Textiles College of Home Science G.B.P.U.A&T.

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Bagh and phulkari embroidery of the Punjab region has influenced Heer Bharat embroidery in its use of geometrical motifs and stitchery. It was initially only practiced in the workshops of the patrons, but gradually became a source of domestic employment, especially in the colder months when farming is not possible. The present form of chikan meaning elegant patterns on fabric work is associated with the city of Lucknowin Uttar Pradesh.

The Banni or Heer Bharat embroidery originates in Gujaratand is practiced mainly kashmmir the Lohana community.

A Crafting Paradise “Kashmiri Embroidery” – Crafting Luxury Lifestyle

The land of Kashmir etched its beautiful essence in the form of Kashida embroidery into the fashion world way back in the Mughal period which was patronized by the emperors and the royals of that era.

Famous for being done on silk and wool, Kashida is known for its simple stitches. The stitches include sozni satinzalakdozi chain and vata chikan button hole. This delicate and traditional form of art was taken up by the younger men of Kashmir as a hereditary ownership from their ancestors. It is said that this technique originated in far away land of Armenia and found its way to Gujarat by travelling Nomads. It’s usually found in combination with other types of stitches like cross stitch, buttonhole stitch and satin stitch, nowadays not only by hand but also by machine.

The purest essence and forms of nature like birds, leaves, trees and many such natural motifs are replicated in this embroidery with multi colored threads and beads woven into the fabrics like shawls and saris.


Stylized sun, moon, stars and the ksahida of the peacock feathers are used in Toda embroidery. This very colourful embroidery style, using stark contrast was traditionally used only for garments, but now it can be found on bags, accessories, home furnishings, etc. The best known of the Kutch Gujarat embroidery techniques is Aribharat, named after the hooked needle which forms the chainstitch.

Embroidery of India

kashiad Clothing in the Indian subcontinent. Commons category link is on Wikidata Commons category link is on Wikidata using P Another is the khatao also called khatava or katava.

However if we go further up along the paths of historical archives of fashion, it can be found that this embroidery was also creatively initiated by the residents of Srinagar. At least 40 different stitches are documented, of which about 30 are still kasnida today and include flat, raised and embossed stitches, and the open trellis-like jaali work.

Kashida Embroidery

Kasuti is done with single thread and involves counting of each thread on the cloth. Metal ingots were melted and pressed through perforated steel sheets to convert into wires, which then were hammered to the required thinness. Zardozi is either a synonym or a more elaborate version of zari where the gold or silver embroidery is embellished with pearls and precious stones, gota and kinari, making this art only affordable by rich people.

Colourful kasida cloth-hangings made in Nathdwara, Rajasthan. This embroidery, like Kantha, is practiced by women. Kashmiri embroidery is known for its effective execution of a single stitch, often called the Kashmiri stitch. Nowadays Zardosi thread has a plastic core and a golden-coloured outside. Kashmiri embroidery foresees a profitable future in the long run.

Everything About Kashmiri Kashida Embroidery | Utsav Fashion Blog

Pastel colors are also often used. The dot and the alternate dot, the circle, the square, kasumir triangle, and permutations and combinations of these constitute the design. Themes include human beings, animals, flowers, geometric designs and mythological figures.


Kalabatan safed involves using silver wires on white material. Slowly and gradually with the passing years, embroidery composition and its related style, structure and color combinations took over the transformation route and showcased different form of variations that suited the changing generations. Designs include Hindu gods, human forms, kwshmir, flowers and vehicles.

There are many other intrinsic styles like sozni work, papier mache work and even hook or ari work which comes under the wings of this embroidery style, as traditional motifs like animals, birds, flowers, and fruits are woven into the fabric with the threads of gold, silver and other metallic colored threads which replicate the sheer essence of the mystic nature. The Toda embroidery has its origins in Tamil Nadu.

Traditionally, kash,ir out clothes and saris were piled together kasuida stitched into quilts. The Nilgiri Hills, inhabited by the Todu community kashmiir their own style called pugur, means flower. The shawl, called poothkuli, has red and black bands between which the embroidery is done. The entire pattern is made with one or two embroidery stitches, and mainly chain stitch on a base of silk, wool and cotton: The central themes focus on Lord Krishna. Bagh is an offshoot of phulkari and almost always follows a geometric pattern, with green as its basic colour.

Leave a Reply Cancel kasgida Your email address will not be published. However, characteristic forms of stitch were developed in Lucknow: The embroidery adorns the shawls. There are various types of Chikan work: