The Journal of Dental Hygiene. Halitosis: A Review of Current Literature. Brenda L. Armstrong Key Words: halitosis, oral malodor, bad breath, assessment. Halitosis is known as bad breath that emanates from the oral cavity either intra- oral .. Canadian Dental Association/L’Association Dentaire Canadienne Journal. Click here to view optimized website for mobile devices Journal is Halitosis or oral malodor is an offensive odor originating from the oral.

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The mouth air of chronic malodor sufferers is tainted with compounds such as hydrogen sulphide, methyl mercaptan and organic acids, which produce a stream of foul air that is gravely offensive to the people in their vicinity Management may include simple measures such as scaling and planing, good oral hygiene, tongue cleaning, and mouth rinsing.

Halitosis: a review article

These bacteria are commonly found in haliosis coating located on the halitosix posterior surface of the tongue and may be associated with periodontal conditions. Real halitosis has oral and extra-oral etiologies and the pathophysiology involves interaction of anaerobic microbes mainly with the proteins present in the oral cavity fluids and contents, resulting in production of volatile sulfur compounds VSCs.

National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. Integrated Pharmacy Case Studies Over 90 case studies based on real life patient-care scenarios. Xerostomic conditions causing reduction in salivary flow causes a negative effect on the self-cleansing action of saliva and produces odoriferous volatile compounds. Anaerobic microbes, halitosis, pseudohalitosis, volatile sulfur compounds.


Attitudes towards individuals with halitosis: How Is Halitosis Jrnal and Evaluated? It is a test strip which composed of benzoyl-DL-arginine-a-naphthylamide and detects short-chain fatty acids and proteolytic obligate gram-negative anaerobes, which hydrolyze the synthetic trypsin substrate and cause halitosis. Also existing of the nontreated cavity of decayed teeth, nonvital tooth with fistula or exposed tooth jrnal may create a reservoir area for bacteria, so treatments of these teeth with proper restoration are important.

This type halitosis has many sources, but it is rarely seen. Differentiation of dry mouth etiology.

Advising patients on halitosis and oral hygiene | Learning article | Pharmaceutical Journal

Hapitosis measurement is considered to be the gold standard for measuring and assessing bad breath[ 67 ] because of no-cost, and being practical and simple. Tangerman A, Winkel EG. Elsadig Gasoom FadelAlla Elbashir. Examination, classification, and treatment of halitosis; clinical perspectives.

An etiologic classification, a treatment approach, and prevention. A 3-week clinical trial. Halitosis and gastroesophageal reflux disease: Nalcaci R, Sonmez IS.

This disposable part connected to an ammonia gas detector which contained a pump that drew 50 mL of air through an tube and the concentration of ammonia is noted directly from the scale on the detector tube.

Halitosis among racially diverse populations: Effectiveness of mechanical tongue cleaning on breath odour and tongue coating: Official journal of the Japan Pediatric Society. Anaerobic jufnal cultured from the tongue dorsum of subjects with oral malodor. Self-reported halitosis and gastro-esophageal reflux disease in the general population. To measure the concentration of ammonia a disposable mouth piece which is part of the device jurnl placed inside a patient’s mouth.


Originates either in the mouth or upper airways. Besides periodontal conditions, untreated deep carious lesions also create the retention area for food debris and dental bacterial plaque and may cause halitosis. A review of the current literature on the aetiology and measurement methods of halitosis.

Table 2 Enzymatic way of the hydrogen sulfide and methyl mercaptan. For more information please take a look at our terms and conditions. Classification In general, halitosis can be either primary or secondary: Scully C, Felix DH.

Effect of tongue brushing on oral malodor in adolescents.

The relationship between oral malodor, gingivitis, and periodontitis. Refers to respiration exhaled by the lungs[ 1 ]. A new monitor with a zinc-oxide thin film semiconductor sensor for the measurement of volatile sulfur compounds in mouth air. The effectiveness of a toothpaste containing triclosan and polyvinyl-methyl ether maleic acid copolymer in improving plaque control and gingival health: J Dent Res ; This method is a kind of colorimetric reaction. Association between oral malodour and periodontal disease-related parameters in a population of 71 Israelis.

This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. A study comparing self-reported and clinical data. This condition leads to patients deprived from protective and mechanical washing effects of saliva. Urea breath test, serum antibody detection, saliva analysis, biopsies and molecular DNA analysis helps in H.

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