Drown, a series of short stories by Junot Diaz, explores the effects on families and particularly boys and young men when absent fathers and therefore a lack of . Drown by Junot Díaz – Chapter 4 “Aguantando” summary and analysis. Stream “Drown” / “Aguantando” by Junot Díaz by New York Public Library from desktop or your mobile device.

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The mother feels a sense of duty to take care of her family coming from a poor background from the Dominican all the way to the States, living in poor conditions in a shack. Are times so hard that that they only thing an jjnot family man can do is to work and pay his soaring rent? Can someone who comes from a different social class achieve the same goals as someone with more opportunities and influences?

To find out more, including how to control cookies, see here: But that last letter showed that Yunior still had some hope left in him. Her personality is also very lovable, we know this because of the swarms of men who try to talk to her after work every day.

In families of color, however, this happens all too often that mothers have to fulfill two roles. Yet to Aurora he dissembles feelings of love and will not allow expression of his own similar desires. Email required Address never made public. More concerned with the mask of tough machismo, a stereotypically traditional Dominican masculinity necessary for pushing crack, the Dominican male hero eventually gets unmasked when he truly falls in love with his drug-addicted girlfriend, the titular Aurora.

This story repeats in many foreign countries where due to dictatorships, political and socio-economic issues many families have had to disintegrate, many communities have had destroyed and many nations have become very corrupted too. Losing face with Cut and the rest of his drug-dealing associates would moreover be dangerous. The setting connects to the theme of survival. The ending ambiguously leads one to imagine a continuation of the drug dealing and abuse and possibly contraction of AIDSthough there may be a minute possibility of this couple changing their habits and pursuing their relationship in way transcending their abusive hyper-masculine behavior.


It definitely shows how the family views the idea of those things and how important they think it is.

Junot Díaz, “Aguantando” | English (MW5)

Also, the women in the story often carry the burden of the male counterparts. Leave a Reply Cancel reply Enter your comment here University of Minnesota Press, Dump her sorry ass. By analyzing this event it is important to note the trauma she had to endure.

You are commenting using your WordPress. The everyday things that somethings are taken for granted are essential to Yunior and his older brother Rafa.

If I had half a brain I would have done what Cut told me to do. Aurora served six months in juvenile detention.

A weakling grandfather cannot make up for the absence of a strong father-figure. She only wants the best for her kids, which is why she is working hard at a chocolate factory. Many may believe that she is rough with her sons and shows very little love.

As a response, her teenage son Yunior violently refuses to leave his home and his mother in these difficult financial times: When they make love, he worries about her appearance. He is laughed at when he tries to reveal to his drug-dealing partner Cut his deep feelings for Aurora: He shows you how the mother felt it was her duty to provide a better life for her family and that could mean working at the chocolate factory to staying with her husband who is having an affair because it means a better life for her and her children.

He could see his father saying his name and becoming aware of his presence now. Help Center Find new research papers in: When in actuality it is the opposite. This story, I would argue in contrast, does not deteriorate into violence, but simply carries on with violence and never escapes or transcends it.


S officials and how all these now realities that are still part of Latin America today have a lot to do with the corruption of the same so welcoming nation of the United States. They attempt to junit quickly. In part three of the short story, Diaz shows that the kids are in the know about their unreliable father, who continues to make promises he can not keep.

Junot Díaz, “Aguantando”

This site uses cookies. Toward a Minor Literature I think it is unfortunate that the mother has to martyr herself on behalf of her husband and children. She supports the way he is and even though in one scene of the novel she is caught yelling at her son for climbing a tree too high it is because she wants to keep them safe. The mom tend to improvise to make sure her kids had at least one pencil and notebook to use for school.

I would agree with you in saying that the setting connects to the theme of survival in the book. The mom simply finds any means of work in the States, working at a chocolate factory just to support her family Diaz Thus, the author also explores the theme of loneliness as a source of long-term suffering.

Among many themes he talks about the theme of parenthood specifically about his mother who becomes a single mom in the absence of his father who came to the United States when Junot was only four years old, leaving her raising her two sons.

Skip to main content. Survey of American Lit: He briefly aguanfando the Dominican Republic with his new wife but does not come inside the house and visit his first family. In spite of years without a husband, Vertudes de la Casas loyally waits. Create the opposite dream: He has an easy time torturing the old man, breaking his ankle.

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