The Jominy end quench test. Introduction: The Jominy end quench test is used to measure the hardenability of a steel, which is a measure of the capacity of the. The Jominy end quench test is used to measure the hardenability of a steel, which is a measure of the capacity of the steel to harden in depth under a given set. PDF | The Jominy end-quench test is used to measure the hardenability of a steel , which is a measure of the capacity of the steel to harden in depth under a.

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High hardenability allows slower quenches to be used e. Select the most appropriate steel to achieve the necessary levels of mechanical properties, residual stress and distortion in a tool for high speed milling of steel components.

The Jominy End Quench Test

This data can be presented using CCT C ontinuous C ooling T ransformation diagrams which are used to select steels to suit the component size and quenching media. Structure of En 8 at 5 cm position along Jominy bar. A heat treatment that causes steel to harden is so quenfh more than the meer plunging of hot metal into a fluid that is often a liquid. Your browser does not support the video tag. It quenvh then carefully and quickly moved to the quenching machine and positioned above a water jet.

The depth from the quenched end, over which martensite is obtained, is then the measure of hardenability. At higher carbon levels, the formation of martensite is depressed to lower temperatures and the transformation from austenite to martensite may be incomplete, leading to retained austenite. James Marrow and Dave Hudson. Steel compositions are sometimes described in terms of a carbon equivalent which text the magnitude of the effect of all of the elements on hardenability.


In the example here, the surface will be transformed to quecnh, but the core will have a bainitic structure with some martensite. The Vickers test is most commonly used in the UK. Ed Jominy Test involves heating a test piece from the steel 25mm diameter and mm long to an austenitising temperature and quenching from one end with a controlled and standardised jet of water.

This composite microstructure of martensite and austenite gives a lower hardness to the steel, although the microhardness of the martensite phase itself is still high.

The Jominy End Quench Test, ASTM A

Knowledge about the hardenability of steels is necessary to be able to select the appropriate combination of alloy steel and heat treatment to manufacture components qiench different size to minimize thermal stresses and distortion. This is commonly used in the USA.

Knowledge of the hardenability of steels is necessary in order to select the appropriate combination of alloy and heat treatment for components of different size, to minimise thermal stresses and distortion.

Steels with low hardenability may be used for smaller components, such as chisels and shears, or for surface hardened components such as gears. It is typically used with lower carbon steels. The solubility of the elements varies between the different phases, and the interface between the growing phase tewt move without diffusion of the slowly moving elements.

The graph below gives the Jominy end quench data in terms of the Rockwell hardness number. The results are plotted in the graph below. High carbon steels are prone to distortion and cracking during heat treatment, and can be difficult to machine in the annealed condition before heat treatment.


Three low alloy steels, which differ only in their carbon content 0. Similar tests have been developed in other countries, such as the SAC test, which uses a sample quenched from all sides by immersion in water. The furnace used to heat the steel into the austenite phase field.

Jominy End Quench Test

Hardenability is the ability of a steel to partially or completely transform from austenite to some fraction of martensite at a given depth below the surface, when cooled under a given uqench. Measurement of hardenability Uses of Jominy data: Slow quenching speeds are often chosen to reduce distortion and residual stress in components. The hardness number is usually denoted by HV20 for H ardness V ickers 20 kg, for example.

The test sample is quickly transferred to the test machine, where it is held vertically qunch sprayed with a controlled flow of water onto one end of the sample. The alloy steel clearly has the highest hardenability, forming martensite to a greater depth than the plain carbon steel.

There are different scales for the Rockwell hardness test.

The Jominy End Quench Test

The variation of hardness was measured with distance from the quenched end. Structure of En 24 at 10 cm position along Jominy bar, furthest from the quenched end. Example Jominy end quench test data A plain carbon steel and an alloy steel were assessed using the Tets end quench test.

For example, any video clips and answers to questions are missing. It is more common to control hardenability with other elements, and to use carbon levels of less than 0.