A reader may be in” a text as a character is in a novel, but also as one is in a train of thought–both Interaction between Text and Reader; Wolfgang Iser; pp. Wolfgang Iser (22 July – 24 January ) was a German literary scholar. A literary work, which for Iser is created when a reader and a text “converge, consists of two “poles”: This does not mean that the “real” reader simply accepts this role, but rather they exist in tension between their own historical . Interaction. A reader may be in” a text as a character is in a novel, but also as one is in a train of thought–both possessing and being Wolfgang Iser. Central to the reading of every literary work is the interaction between its structure and its recipient.

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These processes remain an important part of the reading and “private” to Lindsey. In the New Critical approach, qualities such as harmony are considered valuable in their own right. For Iser, literary texts require readers to actualize them and the fulfillment of the potential reading of a text which is actualized represents a kind of conversation between the text and the reader: Moreover, the code of an ideal reader would be identical to that of the author, thereby making reading superfluous AR, 28 — Forged from a partnership between a sier press and a library, Project MUSE is a trusted part of the academic and scholarly community it serves.

There, Iser began to explore contemporary philosophy and literature, which deepened his interest in inter-cultural exchange. The depth of the reader and his own understanding has their own influence on the interaction.

Project MUSE – The Reader in the Text

The reader must formulate the cause underlying this questioning of the world, and to do this, she must transcend that world, observing it, as it were, from the outside. As readers, we cannot absorb even a short test in a single moment, nor does the fictional world of the text pass in linear fashion before our eyes IR, A Theory of Anf Response.


It was established by a Scottish psychology named R. Even as we seek a consistent pattern in the text, we are also uncovering other textual elements and connections that resist integration into our pattern IR, This page was last edited on 31 Octoberat When a reader trxt a text, he performs a receiver and the text is a transmitter.

Wolfgang Iser

Interacgion will see the two “effects” situationally framed in a way which is more visible and concrete than Iser’s interaction. Reading as Construction Twetan Todorav pp.

Those revelations control and correct the reader’s process of ideation. Here he follows Hans Blumenbergand attempts to apply his theory of modernity to Shakespeare. It hasn’t necessarily fundamentally altered that process, only enhanced the ways of articulating it. The main reason, according to Iser, is that consistency is essential to the very act of comprehension.

Key Theories of Wolfgang Iser

Essays on Audience and Interpretation. Thus, the structure of a text brings about expectations, which are interrupted by surprising unfulfillment, producing gaps, which require filling by the reader to create a coherent flow between the text. Those differences are as under:. The meaning of the text is not formulated by the text itself but is a projection of the reader.

Reading as a Personal Transaction Norman N. In other words, that objective governs the interaction between two individuals. Robbe-Grillet’s Topologie d’une cite fantome Vicki Mistacco pp. Nonetheless, elements of the classical norm have crept into this new approach: The bases of the connection between reader and text, then, are: So, in historical terms, the task of the critic has altered: They activate the reader for the process of ideation.


Iser explains that there are two aspects of the concept of the implied reader: Built on the Johns Hopkins University Campus. Iser has criticisms of all of these models.

Key Theories of Wolfgang Iser | Literary Theory and Criticism

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Negativity, urges Iser, is the basic force in literary communication, making possible: Iser gives a reply to this problem stating that the “No-thing” of a literary text governs the interaction between text and reader. What this model ignored, according to Iser, was the status of the text as an event as well as the experience of the reader AR, Lindsey most likely also underwent additional recursive processes of interaction and assessment as she read “The Unsex’d Females” or moved through the WORP project.

He makes it clear that the interaction between text and reader does not resemble exactly the interaction between person and person. Every fictional structure, according to Iser, is two-sided: Rather, it offers ways of making public some of the processes that Iser finds worthwhile in the interactions between readers and texts.

He refers ti the Tavistock school of Psychology which was very popular in s and s. In these original essays, a group of international scholars raises fundamental questions about the status–be it rhetorical, semiotic and structuralist, phenomenological, subjective and psychoanalytic, sociological and historical, or hermeneutic–of the audience in relation to a literary or artistic text.

Firstly, it makes us aware of our own capacity for providing links, our own interpretative power:

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