If we explore the Swedish culture through the lens of the 6-D Model©, we can get a good overview of the deep drivers of Swedish culture relative to other world. If we explore French culture through the lens of the 6-D Model©, we can get a good overview of the deep drivers of France’s culture relative to other world. Please select a country in the dropdown menu below to see the values for the 6 dimensions. After a first country has been selected, a second and even a third.

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Lagom ensures that everybody has enough and nobody goes without. Researchers who cannot live with that range can use modified data that we prepared. The application of this research is used worldwide in both academic and professional management settings.

cultkur A high score of 78 in this dimension indicates that Swedish culture is one of Indulgence. The upper class scores Feminine while the working class scores Masculine. Individualism The fundamental issue addressed by this dimension is the degree of interdependence a society maintains among its members.

For those that prefer to work with scales of 0 towe have in brought some outlying values, obtained in replication studies, within the range. Uncertainty Avoidance The dimension Uncertainty Avoidance has to do with the way that a society deals with the fact that the future can never be known: With a score of 68, France scores fairly high on Power Distance.

Select one or several countries in the menu below to see the values for the 6 dimensions. Archived from the original on 18 July This, in combination with a high score on Uncertainty Avoidance, implies that the French are less relaxed and enjoy life less often than is commonly assumed.

He first focused his research on the 40 largest countries, and then extended it to 50 countries and 3 regions, “at that time probably the largest matched-sample cross-national database available anywhere. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. The fundamental issue here is what motivates people, wanting to be the best Masculine or liking what you do Feminine.


In he published Culture’s Consequences[4] a book which combines the statistical analysis from the survey research with his personal experiences. Control is disliked and attitude towards managers are informal and on first name basis. InHofstede added a sixth dimension, indulgence versus self-restraint. Even if country indices were used to control for wealth, latitude, population size, density and growth, privileged males working as engineers or sales personnel in one of the elite organizations of the world, pioneering one of the first multinational projects in history, cannot be claimed to represent their nations.

Join the Hofstede Insights Network A highly selective worldwide network of culture and management consultants with extensive professional experience and knowledge on how to implement culturally sensitive management practices. The national culture measure of power distance is positively correlated with the ratio of companies with process innovation only over the companies with any of the three types of innovation considered in the country determinant of correlation: Power is decentralized and managers count on the experience of their team members.

This difference may be reflected by the following: Uncertainty Avoidance Index UAI The Uncertainty Avoidance dimension expresses the degree to which the members of a society feel uncomfortable with uncertainty and ambiguity. All the hofztede, what is obm is that the family has still more emotional glue than in other Individualist cultures.

Uncertainty Avoidance This dimension, Uncertainty Avoidance, has to do with the way that a society deals with the fact that the future can never be known: At 86, French culture scores high on Uncertainty Avoidance. People in societies classified by a high score in Indulgence generally exhibit a willingness to realise their impulses and desires with regard to enjoying life and having fun. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Retrieved 11 April Those with a culture which scores high, on the other hand, take a more pragmatic approach: These levels are overlooked often because of the nature of the construction of these levels. Cultuhr for Intercultural Learning. The most cited criticism of his work is by Professor Brendan McSweeney Royal Holloway, University of London and Stockholm Universitywho argues that Hofstede’s claims about the role of national culture indicates too much determinism that might be linked to fundamental flaws in his methodology.


Not so in France. Customer service is poor in the eyes of all those Anglo-Saxons who believe that the customer is king.

Geert Hofstede

Especially the dimensions Cultuuf Distance, Individualism vs. Indulgence One challenge that confronts humanity, now and in the past, is the degree to which small children are socialized. The country scores on the dimensions are relative, in that we are all human and simultaneously we are all unique.

Structure and planning are required. Between andhe worked on the data, and analyzed it in a variety of ways. Human Relations55 1: He collected large amounts of data, but due to the pressures of his daily job, was unable to conduct a significant amount of research.

All the levels in communication are affected by cultural dimensions: Despite the evidence that groups are different from each other, we tend to believe that deep inside all people are the same. Countries exhibiting strong UAI maintain rigid codes of belief and behaviour, and are intolerant of unorthodox behaviour and ideas. There are still exceptions to the rule.

Compare countries – Hofstede Insights

Such assumptions of uniformity are useful, d’Iribarne writes only “if one thinks of a culture specific to a close-knit community. The tool can be used to give a general overview and an approximate understanding of other cultures, what to expect from them and how to behave towards groups from other countries. Online Readings in Psychology and Culture. Many comparative studies have shown that French companies have normally one or two hierarchical levels more than comparable companies in Germany and the UK.