tribute was Victor Ra61 Haya de la Torre, a young provincia politician who . 15 Haya de la Torre, El antiimperialismo y el apra (Santiago, apra, pp. Obras completas: El antimperialismo y el APRA. Front Cover Volume 4 of Obras completas, Víctor Raúl Haya de la Torre, ISBN X, Title, El antiimperialismo y el APRA. Author, Víctor Raúl Haya de la Torre. Contributor, Partido Aprista Peruano. Edition, 7. Publisher, Nuestramérica, ?.

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Haya de la Torre was born in the northern Peruvian city of Trujillo. He was instrumental in bringing antiimpeerialismo ideas of the Argentine University Reform movement La Reforma to San Marcos, and administrative reforms were instituted in Part of the reform movement was university extension programs, through which the university antiimpegialismo hoped to reach the working classes. To that end, Haya de la Torre founded the Universidades Populares Gonzalez Prada, night schools for workers, which according to some historians formed the foundation for the Partido Aprista Peruano.

He was deeply influenced by the headmaster of the school, John A. Mackaya Free Church missionary.

In Haya de la Torre was exiled by the government of Augusto B. That year, he was imprisoned for 15 months and his party was outlawed until and then also from to The International Court of Justice at antiimperialismp Hague considered his case.


Haya de la Torre was able to return to Peru in and his party was again legalized in However, he continued to live mostly abroad until He ran for president again, obtaining victory by a slim margin but not enough antiimperialismi be constitutionally elected. Then, a military junta annulled the elections. There were new elections inbut Haya was defeated in the vote.

Haya de la Torre, Víctor Raúl 1895-1979

His party remained popular. In he became president of the constitutional assemblywhich drafted a new constitution. On July 12, on his death bed, he signed the new constitution. Haya de la Torre advocated a system of Latin American or, to use his preferred term, Indo-American solutions to Latin American problems.

He called upon the region to reject both U.

He favored universal democracyequal rights and respect for indigenous populations, and socialist economic policies such as agrarian reformbased on the concept of communal land ownership, and state control of industry. Haya de la Torre advocated the overthrow of the land-owning oligarchies that had ruled Peru hxya colonial days, replacing them with an idealistic socialist elite.

The lack of love interests in Haya de la Torre’s life was sometimes remarked upon. However, rumours of homosexuality were scattered around the country during and after his life by his political enemies, generally in a crudely homophobic fashion. Haya de la Torre clearly liked the company of young men.


Víctor Raúl Haya de la Torre

His supporters have sometimes claimed he had female lovers. There have been claims that Haya de la Torre secretly married his close friend and sympathizer Ana Billinghurst daughter of former president Guillermo Billinghurst inbut they seem to have been shown to be unfounded. Ana Billinghurst died while he was under diplomatic protection and he was unable hayaa attend her funeral. Combined, it is a popular boys’ name among APRA members and supporters.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

El antiimperialismo y el APRA – Víctor Raúl Haya de la Torre – Google Books

This name uses Spanish naming customs: The Politics of Reform in Peru: University of Chicago Press. The Life and Times of John A.

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President of the Peruvian Aprista Party — Peruvian Aprista Party presidential candidate,