Notes to Hasdai Crescas Rabbi Josef Ibn Shem Tov, the Hebrew translator, says that Crescas wrote another polemical book in Catalan based on quotations . Ḥasdai ben Abraham Crescas, (born , Barcelona?—died , Saragossa, Spain), Spanish philosopher, Talmudic scholar, and critic of the Aristotelian. Hasdai Crescas was a Spanish Jewish philosopher who lived from In The Jewish Religion, Rabbi Louis Jacobs described Crescas as “one of the.

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Our editors will review what you’ve submitted, and if it meets our criteria, we’ll add it to the article. Itri Edition, in Hebrew.

Credit is due under the terms of this license that can reference both the New World Encyclopedia contributors and the selfless volunteer contributors of the Wikimedia Foundation. On the utilization of scholastic sources by Rabbi Nissim of Gerondi see Harvey God’s knowledge is different from that of man: Hasdai Crestas was born inin Barcelona, Spain. It is important to note too that Crescas defines the will of man as an accord between the attractive force and the imagination — two forces that are common to humans and beasts.

Some scholars understand these chapters as a departure from the deterministic opinion of Crescas. Volume 2Daniel H.

Hasdai Crescas

On the subject of the essence of the soul along with reward and punishment after death, Crescas builds a philosophical critique of the Maimonidean-Aristotelian opinion and proposes instead a more traditional view.

During the catastrophic period of Spanish-Jewish crezcas between andHasdai Crescas wrote a treatise, Or Adonai Light of the Lord, written inand printed in Ferrara in seeking to define and strengthen the Jewish faith in the face of constant attack from Christians and the threat posed by Aristotelian philosophy. But this deterministic description leads to two theological problems: In his opinion, place is the part of dimension that a body occupies within the infinite expanse of the universe; dimension without matter is only place in potential.

Ironically, in developing his theory of choice, Crescas quotes frequently from Abner’s book Ofrenda de Zelos without citing him by name.


Almost hawdai of the Jews of Spain after became Christian.

Linked bibliography for the SEP article “Hasdai Crescas” by Shalom Sadik – PhilPapers

To refute the above supposition while maintaining the relevance of the commandments, Crescas uses hasdaii first four chapters of Part Six to develop an uncompromising determinism that lives in harmony with human choice and a system of reward and punishment that are restricted to the realm of personal feelings and self-judgment.

Aristotle explains that the natural place attracts the body, while the body moves naturally to its natural place. Crescas thinks that the retribution of humans is a function of the interior psychological process of choice. Please try again later.

God is the first cause and knows all the laws of the world. In these chapters Crescas tries to answer the question of whether there is a difference between people that sin happily and those who are forced to sin and feel sad about doing their evil actions. One of the more important contributions of Crescas to the history of philosophy is his critique of Aristotelian science.

It is also the hasda why God reattribute’s only the actions that are under the control of one’s choice and the will of humans.

The book is quoted according to his name in the Fisher edition. A good example of this relation is the quotation in the twelfth letter on the subject regarding the proof of God’s existence.

Crescas deals with infinity in a few other places in the second part of the first essay. After the pogrom, Crescas continued to teach Torah, Talmud, science, and philosophy.

This king and his French queen, Violant de Bar, loved culture, and their palace in Saragossa became the center of culture and science. Academic Tools How to cite this entry. With the help of the King and Queen of Aragon, he tried to restore the Jewish community of Barcelona without success. For a long time, Crescas exercised a perceptible influence among Jews only through his pupil, Joseph Albothough he was studied by Don Isaac Abravanel who controverts especially his Messianic theories cresvas, and by Abram Shalom in his Neveh Shalom.


His only son died in a massacre in Barcelona ina creacas for his faith, during the anti-Judaic persecutions of that period. The only way to influence someone to do something is to give him enough causes to do it. After introducing the issue of free choice vis a vis the Torah, Crescas in the first two chapters describes the different arguments both rational and theological for and against freedom of choice.

His critiques of Aristotelian science and of the Maimonidean integration of Aristotelianism into Judaism have an honored place in the history of the disintegration of the influence of Aristotle — a disintegration that laid the groundwork for the development of a new science.

At this point we can solve the first problem: The differentiation between the indefinable essence of God and the attributes that are related to that essence. There exists a modern critical edition by D.

Hasdai Crescas – New World Encyclopedia

Cerscas law of causality is so all-pervasive that human conduct can not withdraw itself from its operations. Humans cannot do miracles by themselves. Because of this disintegration, the Spanish Jewish community did not integrate the new and original mode of thinking of Crescas, and instead went back after his death to different more traditional opinions. A commentary on the Talmudic tractate Gittinhistorically attributed to the thirteenth century Rabbi Yom Tov Asevilli Ritvahas been more recently attributed by many scholars to Hasdai Crescas.

This page was last edited on 9 Septemberat History of Western Philosophy. But according to Crescas, there is another kind of attribute: Discover some of the most interesting and trending topics of After leaving Barcelona, he held the administrative position of crown rabbi in Aragon.