Halomonas titanicae is a gram-negative, bacilli shaped bacterium from strain BH1T. It’s –×– μm in size. It’s a motile microorganism. According to current estimates, the wreck of the famous ship RMS Titanic will completely be gone in about years due to Halomonas titanicae. The wreck is covered with rusticles; the knob-like mounds have formed from at least 27 strains of bacteria, including Halomonas titanicae.

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While the disintegration of the Titanic makes preservation of the ship impossible, the bacteria doing the damage may be useful in accelerating the disposal of other old ships and ttitanicae rigs. Halomonas titanicae inhabits a niche in the depths of the ocean where temperature is low and salt concentration is considerable. Retrieved from ” https: Information on isolation source, the sampling and environmental conditions Isolation, sampling and environmental information.

Rusticles also house 27 other species bacteria[2,3]. The researchers who made the discovery of the bacterium state that it is unknown if the bacterium was present on the ship prior to its sinking in [6]. Temperatures Kind of temperature Temperature [Ref.: Information on morphological and physiological properties Morphology and physiology.

New Species of Rust-Eating Bacteria Destroying the Titanic

The iron-oxide-munching bacterium has fittingly been named Halomonas titanicae. Further research tktanicae currently being performed on the Halomonas genus and new bacteria are being discovered daily. StrainInfo introduces electronic passports for microorganisms. In their article these researchers give information regarding the bacterium’s cell structure, size, metabolism, genome, and the niche it halo,onas. We aim to empower and inspire our readers with the tools needed to understand the world and appreciate its everyday awe.

Exclude text mining derived information. Halomonas titanicae is a gram-negative, bacilli shaped bacterium from strain BH1T. In the south Pacific regional ocean there is approximately 3, sunken war vessel including battle halomojas, tankers, oilers and air craft carriers.


It is, however, hazardous to metals, specifically those which contain high levels of rust due to its ability to deteriorate these man made structures [2,3,6].

Catalase as well as oxidase are produced. Scientists are now gaining more information in regards to its destructive power. Titajicae is an extreme halophile salt loving with peritrichous flagella for motility [2].

The Halomonas titanicae bacteria are gram-negative bacilli, as most species in the Halomonas genus are[4]. As a chemo-organotrophic organism its metabolism is respiratory. As these vessels decay, harmful chemicals are released into the marine environment, having detrimental effects on the wild life and fishing economy[8].

Due to of the high variability hlomonas the 16S rRNA gene it was amplified and analyzed to classify the bacterium as a Halomonas its closest relative being H.

By studying the structure and capabilities of H. Titanicae’s optimal salt concentration is 2. Metabolite utilization Halomonaa Utilization activity Kind of utilization tested [Ref.: Whether the bacteria were present on the ship prior to it sinking is unclear. The genome size is base pairs bp and is linear [2]. Click here to see all.

Halomonas titanicae sp. nov., a halophilic bacterium isolated from the RMS Titanic.

Only first 10 entries are displayed. While some Halomonas strains have been shown to infect humans, currently there is no known evidence that H. This bacterium collects on the side of metal surfaces, and was discovered on the ship the RMS Titanic. A Microbial Biorealm page on the genus Halomonas titanicae Contents.

Halomonas titanicae – Wikipedia

Rusticles are porous and allow water to pass through; they are rather delicate and will eventually disintegrate into fine powder. As an extremophile group, Halomonas bacterium can grow under extreme conditions, high salt concentration, which could become significant in future biotechnological applications and mechanisms [4]. This enables it to survive in the cold temperatures in its habitat at the bottom of the ocean.


A Microbial Biorealm page on the genus Halomonas titanicae. Section Name and taxonomic classification Morphology and physiology Culture and growth halomonws Isolation, sampling and environmental information Application and interaction Molecular biology Strain availability.

External links Search for species Halomonas titanicae in external resources: The idea that there is a living organism promoting rust at extremely low temperatures seems hard to believe since these living conditions are harsh. The only host of this bacteria is currently known to be the ship wreck of the Titanic. Inscientists had thought the structure of the titanic would last 30 tiyanicae years.

Further research on it is difficult because it’s challenging to reproduce colonies in a setting other than its natural habitat. Information on genomic background e. While the loss of the wreck over time concerns Dan Conlin, curator of maritime history at the Maritime Museum of the Atlantic in Halifax, he notes scientists know much more about the Titanic than most shipwrecks.

In some ways that’s a little sad because the world is losing a part of its history, but in other ways it is kind of cool that the Earth has developed a way of recycling itself to this extent, obtaining titanucae from the most unlikely places.

The need ofr regional collaboration halojonas address the potential marine pollution threat. The fluids, oil, and explosives found on these vessels pose a threat to the environment. They are capable of anaerobic growth with the aid of glucose but in addition they are able to perform denitrification to gain energy through taking nitrate, but not nitrite, and converting it to nitrogen.