Hallervorden-Spatz disease now more commonly known as Pantothenate kinase -associated neurodegeneration (PKAN) is a rare autosomal. Pantothenate kinase-associated neurodegeneration (PKAN), also known as neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation 1 (NBIA1), also called Hallervorden–Spatz syndrome, is a degenerative disease of the. Pantothenate kinase-associated neurodegeneration (PKAN), formerly called Hallervorden-Spatz syndrome, is a rare, inherited neurological movement disorder.

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Swaiman KF, Hallervorden-spatz syndrome and brain iron metabolism. You may also experience involuntary muscle contractions that cause abnormal posture or slow, recurring movements. In most hallerforden, Seitelberger disease is inherited as an autosomal recessive trait. Ann N Y Acad Sci.

Indian J Pediatr ; Spontaneous presentation on a patient with Hallervorden-Spatz disease in the absence of neuroleptic drugs. Intrathecal or oral Baclofen in moderate doses relieves the stiffness and spasms and can reduce dystonia. A year-old girl was relatively asymptomatic hallerorden the age of 15 years when she started developing dysphagia, dysarthria, and dysphonia. Neurological examination revealed sever slurred speech; sever tongue dystonia, mild bilateral rigidity on lower limbs, hyperreflexia, and auto babinski.

The diagnosis of PKAN is made based upon a detailed patient history, a hallervordden clinical evaluation, and a variety of specialized tests.

HSD can be fatal. Babinski sign was spattz. These disorders share certain similar symptoms and are distinguished in part by the age at which such symptoms appear. Case Rep Neurol Med. Metabolic disorders of vitaminscoenzymes, and cofactors. Treatment The treatment of patients with HSD remains directed toward symptomatic findings.


Pantothenate kinase-associated neurodegeneration – Wikipedia

The central T2 relatively hyperintense spot or line within the globi pallidi is due to gliosis and vacuolisation. The hyper-intensity represents pathologic changes, including gliosis, demyelination, neuronal loss, and axonal swelling, and the surrounding hypointensity is due to the loss of signal secondary to iron deposition. This causes chelation of iron in the globus pallidus and other basal ganglia and rapid auto-oxidation of cysteine eisease the presence of iron with subsequent free radical production.

A case report Gupta, R. Cases in infancy and of adult onset have also been reported. The disease can be familial or sporadic.

Iron in the Hallervorden-Spatz syndrome. This molecule helps your body convert fats, some amino acids, and carbohydrates into energy. The nosology of Hallervorden-spatz disease. Treatment varies depending on the person.

Calcification in the basal ganglia in the absence of any atrophy has also been described. Stereotactic pallidotomy in a child with Hallervorden- spatz disease. Gregory A, Hayflick SJ.

Disruption of this enzyme affects energy and lipid metabolism and may lead to accumulation of potentially harmful compounds in the spatx, including iron. Brain herniation Reye’s Hepatic encephalopathy Toxic encephalopathy Hashimoto’s encephalopathy. Cysteine accumulation and cysteine dioxygenase deficiency in the globus pallidus.


Celebration and conversation can do a lot of help break down stigmas. Sea-blue histiocytes, lymphocytic cytosomes, movement disorder and 59Fe-uptake in basal ganglia: Ophthalmologic examination for retinopathy is also appropriate.

Pantothenate Kinase-Associated Neurodegeneration – NORD (National Organization for Rare Disorders)

Hypoprebetalipoproteinemia, acanthocytosis, retinitis pigmentosa, and pallidal degeneration HARP syndrome. The average age for developing symptoms is 13 years.

Onset most commonly occurs in late childhood or early adolescence. Although djsease impairment has often been described as a part of the condition in the past, it is unclear if this is a true feature. Clinical and magnetic resonance imaging correlations: However, whether the deposition of iron in basal ganglia in HSD is the cause or consequence of neuronal loss and gliosis is not clear.

Hallervorden-Spatz disease

Journal of computer assisted tomography. Altered neuronal mitochondrial coenzyme A synthesis in neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation caused by abnormal processing, stability, and catalytic activity of mutant pantothenate kinase 2. However, these findings were not confirmed in adult patients. His symptoms started 6 years ago with mild dysphagia and unsteady gait and abnormal posture of the right hand.

It results in a frameshift and premature truncation of the protein 47 amino acids downstream to codon p.

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