Commons category. Furcraea andina. 0 references. GRIN URL · https://npgsweb. ?id= 1 reference. stated in. Furcraea andina Trel. is an accepted name. This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Furcraea (family Asparagaceae). The record derives from. Species studied: Agave americana, Furcraea andina Agave americana y Furcraea andina son especies silvestres y cultivadas que coexisten.
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Fique is a natural fibre that grows in the leaves of the fique plant, Furcraea andinaa xerophytic monocot native to Andean regions of ColombiaEcuadorand Peru. From there its range was furcrxea to Venezuela and the east coast of Brazil. Common names include fique, cabuya, pita, penca, penco, maguey, cabui, chuchao and coquiza. The fique plant futcraea often confused with the agave plant.
The differences are that the agave leaves are stiff, with a strong spine at the tip, while the Fique plant leaves anrina droopy and lack a spine. The pre-Columbian inhabitants extracted and used the fique fibs for several centuries before the arrival of Spanish conquerors to make garments, ropes, hammocks and many other applications.
In the 17th century, Dutch colonists carried the plant from their Brazilian colonies in Pernambuco to the island of Mauritius.
Furcraea andina Trel. — The Plant List
The fibre was also introduced to St. In the 18th century, in DaguaValle del CaucaColombia, the priest Feliciano Villalobos started the first rope and wrapping materials manufacturing industry; his products were made of fique.
In the Colombian government reported a yearly production of three million kilograms of fibres, the exportation to Venezuela of two million, the fabrication of five millions pairs of alpargatas and four million metres of rope. Between and the fique industry suffered a crisis brought about by the development furcrea polypropylenewhich costs less and is produced faster. Today, fique is considered the Colombian national fibre and is used in the fabrication of ethnic products, Colombian handicrafts and recently since July has been used for the heat protectors handmade in Barichara placed around the Colombian coffee cups sold in the Juan Valdez coffee shops worldwide.
The fique can be obtained from several species of Furcraeasuch as F.
Depending of the process of the fiber and the species used, many varieties of fique fibers can be obtained. Fique crops bring nitrogen to the soil, improving its fertility.
The plant is very adaptable to different ecological conditions. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
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