Pursuant to Sections 37 and 77 of Republic Act No. , an Act Ordaining. Reforms in the Philippine Electric Power Industry, otherwise known as the. “ Electric. FIFTEEN YEARS ago, Congress enacted the Electric Power Industry Reform Act ( Republic Act No. , aka Epira), aimed to achieve reliable. Congress of the Philippines Eleventh Congress Third Regular Session REPUBLIC ACT NO AN ACT ORDAINING REFORMS IN THE ELECTRIC POWER.

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The Energy Regulatory Commission ERC eventually reversed these charges, but consumers already got a taste of what could possibly go wrong. For feedback, complaints, or inquiries, contact us.

But it can only be as effective as how well we enforce it to ensure sufficient competition in the industry, and how well we ensure that we have adequate power supplies, regular and reserve laq.

This shows again higher efficiency and lower prices by private players. We reserve the right to exclude comments which are inconsistent with our editorial standards.

Epira is working

Shortcut for contact e;ira or form inquiries. Its prices reached their lowest for the year in Septemberwith the recovery in supply after plants came back from shutdowns, coupled with the drop in oil and coal prices. Yet many sectors still glamorize that dark era of state monopoly and endless fiscal deficits. Shortcut for feedback page.

Historical Background

But other countries that have yet to move away from subsidized power are already pursuing their own versions of Epira, on the recognition that their power pricing regimes cannot be sustainable. But our electricity prices have stayed high and consistently among the highest in the region. Font Size A A A. The most expensive dispatched electricity becomes the basis price for that trading session, and all dispatched electricity is bought from the gencos at that price.

We use cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. Consequently, the generation charge in our Meralco bills that month went down to a P3. This certifies it as a stable and referenceable technical standard.


That September dip was in fact the lowest since Octoberwhen record rainfall levels close to high power-consuming Metro Manila brought about cooler weather, and also led to higher dispatch of cheap hydroelectric power.

These include generation, distribution, and transmission charges — the three costliest items — as well as supply, universal, system loss, and metering charges. Fast expansion in power generation means fast expansion in power consumption and electricity prices are more affordable so the people use more electricity.

Remove monopolies in the power industry through privatization of the National Power Corp. Compliance to these criteria is measured in three levels: This suggests low productivity and efficiency under the NPC. This means the private owners of NPC-privatized power plants were more efficient in optimizing the capacity and efficiency of those plants. Critics have called for its review or even outright repeal due to its supposed ineffectiveness.

The cheapest power sources are prioritized for dispatch to consumers. While intended as a venue for market competition to set power prices, many see the WESM as a venue for alleged collusion among generation companies gencos instead.

Tag: Electric Power Industry Reform Act (EPIRA)

The law has been blamed for high prices and price volatility due to the removal of government power subsidies, the layering on of profits due to the unbundling of the different industry subsectors, and the introduction of the Epria Electricity Spot Market WESM. Read our privacy guidelines. InNPC was converted into a stock corporation wholly owned by the government under Republic Act On the other hand, TransCo was created to take over the electric transmission function of NPC and the responsibility for planning construction and centralized operation and maintenance of high voltage transmission facilities including grid interconnections and ancillary services.

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One, installed capacity from to — the decade before EPIRA — expanded twice but power generation expanded only by 1. To find out more, please click this link. The WESM has in fact proven its worth, showing that it can bring prices down when there are ample supplies to fill demand.

The flaw in the system was that gencos that did not want to dispatch power could artificially jack up their prices to the WESM-allowable maximum, so their electricity would be the last priority for dispatch. Significant capacity additions occurred only in with Inits charter was revised by virtue of Republic Actas amended. Accessibility key for redirecting to homepage.

Shortcut for viewing the content section of the current page. With these, electricity prices should go down.

The EPIRA organized the industry into four 4 sectors, generation, transmission, distribution and supply. With improvements to the WESM rules and their enforcement, and the impending full implementation of retail competition and open access for consumers above kWh of power usage per month, Epira can yet bring electricity prices further down. Today This Wpira This Month But in dire straits, such as in the post-Yolanda period, even the most expensive last-priority offer ended up being dispatched, leading to the incredible price hike.

This will be a first time since PEMC was created in or after 15 years. A guide to understanding and implementing Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 2.

So now this anomaly will be corrected. Epira is in fact working. Statement page that will show the available accessibility keys.