He described the Ginkgo in his work “Amoenitatum Exoticarum” (Lemgo, ). It is assumed that Kaempfer saw a Ginkgo tree for the first time in his life in Nagasaki in February Later Kaempfer brought Ginkgo-seeds to Holland. KAEMPFER, ENGELBERT, German physician and traveler to Russia, the Orient, and the Far East (b. Lemgo, Westphalia, 16 September ;. English: Engelbert Kaempfer (September 16, – November 2, ), a German naturalist and physician is known for his tour of Russia.

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Inat age 32, he managed to be engaged as secretary to the Royal Swedish Ambassador Extraordinary on a special mission to Persia, where he engeelbert until The Invention of Religion in Japan.

Conversely, reports of some of the Dutch representatives constitute the chief source of knowledge in the West about Japan during its two peaceful centuries of isolation. However, he and Chardin have been severely criticized by Cornelis de Bruijn for their allegedly inaccurate descriptions and drawings see DE BRUIJNthough de Bruijn fails to mention engelberg he himself had stayed there nearly three months November to the end of January and, as a learned artist, had drawn all the structures directly from nature as Kaempfer had doneand that he had a better engraver than Kaempfer.

Category:Engelbert Kaempfer – Wikimedia Commons

On July 10, it reached Moscow. He became the secretary to the Swedish embassy, which was to establish trade relations with Russia and Persia by the order of Charles. His History of Japanpublished posthumously inwas the chief source of Western knowledge about the country for more than a century.

InKaempfer visited Uppsala in Swedenwhere he was offered inducements to settle. In he joined kaepmfer Swedish trade mission destined for Persia and arrived in Isfahan in On this tiny only by feet artificial island in Nagasaki harbor, connected to the mainland by a narrow peninsula except at high tide, the Dutch East India Company had maintained a trading station and colony sincethe only European station allowed in Japan for years. He reached new heights in describing foreign cultures. In he got his chance to go to Japan where he stayed in Nagasaki until Archived from the original on 7 October His kaempfdr entailed collecting as much data as possible in order to convey a complete picture of a foreign culture to his readers.


Kaempfer returned from Asia in October and enrolled at the University of Leiden. A life of the author is prefixed to the History. After his death in all the material he collected and his preparatory work for publication went to his nephew, who due to financial constraints had to sell all the manuscripts and collection.

Category:Engelbert Kaempfer

Idem and Derek Massarella, eds. The standard author abbreviation Kaempf.

Ferrum New Publication e-periodica. Over the years as he studied and traveled, he became an extremely proficient, self-educated scientist, with a kafmpfer knowledge of medicine, botany, natural history, and pharmacology, and of the ways of the countries he visited. The “awkward” “—k g o” spelling appears to be an error Kaempfer made in his notes, a more precise romanization would have been “Ginkjo” or “Ginkio”. Guided tours Library tours Online booking. As early asthe Philosophical Transactions No.

InKaempfer’s th birthday was celebrated in Lemgo with various events, lectures and exhibitions. During his engelberg he was witnessing witch hunts which left a deep engelnert about human behavior. Kaempfer’s journals and papers are in the Hans Sloane papers in the British Library.

During the remaining four years of his life he was not able to find a publisher for his manuscripts. After stopping briefly in Siam, he arrived in Japan on 23 September at the island of Deshima or Dejima near Nagasaki in remote southwest Japan. The revised edition kamepfer Beatrice Bodart-Bailey contains most of the important descriptions and comments and is very easy to read.

Engelbert Kaempfer – a biography

Muntschick, Marburg, [contains the fourth part of the Amoenitates ]. Papers of Engelbert Kaempfer — and related sources from the British Library10 reels, 35 mm positive microfilm, Marlborough, Wiltshire, [contains the manuscripts of the British Library]. Among many other Japanese plants, it included an illustration of a camellia and introduced 23 varieties. He also traveled to India, Java and Siam.

The only shortcoming perhaps is that not all of the pictures are included. His desire for foreign travel led him to become secretary to the second embassy of the Swedish ambassador Ludvig Fabritiuswhom Charles XI sent through Russia to Persia in Muntschick, Wiesbaden, [contains the fifth part of the Amoenitates ]. Kaempfer also collected materials and information on Japanese acupuncture and moxibustion. In particular comments on the behavior of the heathens and that some of their doings were quite reasonable mainly concerning religious and legal questions.


For upwards of a hundred years, when Japan was closed to foreigners, it was the chief source of information for the general reader.

Curious Scientific and Medical Observations. The chief Japanese officer of the island allowed the young man to continue as Kaempfer’s servant during the latter’s entire two-year stay in Japan and to accompany him and the Dutch Director of Commerce on two trips, in andto the Shogun’s distant capital Edo today’s Tokyo.

His book Amoenitatum Exoticarumpublished in Germany incontained the first written description by a Westerner of the soybean plant and seeds accompanied by the first Western illustration of theseplus the most detailed descriptions to date of the process for making miso and shoyu Japanese-style soy sauce.

Engelbert Kaempfer: The History of Japan (1727)

He did not return to Sweden with the embassy, but joined a fleet englebert the Dutch East India Company stationed in the Persian Gulf as a physician. He then went to Sweden Dictionary of Scientific Biographyv. During his nearly month stay in Isfahan March 29, November 20, he carried out a methodological survey of the town.

Kaempfer meticulously measured the sites as far he was able, but he could not recognize the significance of the arrangement of buildings, though he did understand their secular and princely character as a residence of a Persian ruler.

Although his family was not rich, they possessed quite a good library. Here Kaempfer left the caravan to investigate the Achaemenid and Sasanian ruins.

Views Read Edit View history. He elicited much valuable information. Terwiel; V, Notitiae Malabaricae ced.