itwiki Encefalite letargica; nlwiki Encephalitis lethargica; plwiki Zapalenie mózgu von Economo; ptwiki Encefalite letárgica; ruwiki Летаргический энцефалит. Date, Source, von Economo C. Die Encephalitis lethargica (Mit zwölf lithographischen Tafeln). Franz Deuticke, ss. Leipzig-Wien. Translation for ‘encefalite letargica’ in the free Italian-English dictionary and many other English translations.
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Encephalitis during an epidemic of influenza. Economo ap 13 and Camerarius Wien Arch Inn Med. There was typically a symptom-free interval between the acute and chronic stages of EL, but proposing that a similar interval existed between influenza infection and symptomatic EL is purely speculative.
Pathologic anatomy of influenza. Some studies have explored its origins in an autoimmune response,  and, separately or in relation to an immune response, links to pathologies of infectious disease — viral and bacterial,  e.
encefalite letargica – English translation – Italian-English dictionary
MuV Mumps Cytomegalovirus Cytomegalovirus esophagitis. Influenza in India during — Author information Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Even physicians who letargca that they had never seen an EL patient without recent influenza regarded the two disorders as clinically distinguishable.
The pathogen issue inevitably remained unresolved, as the etiology of neither influenza nor EL had been clarified by the time the EL epidemic had subsided.
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The difficulty is relative small if massive encephalitic symptoms are presented in the course of influenza or of an influenza-like disease. The role of influenza in dncefalite etiology of EL was vigorously debated until But as Hallp noted: Studies in famine, disease and society Collected papers on South Asia; no.
Among the most extensive was that of Karl Friedrich Baer, who in analyzed data for EL patients: The cerebrospinal fluid in epidemic encephalitis.
Constantin von Economo Substantia nigra. He admitted that his source had misconstrued the Latin original, in which the author noted that he himself had not seen evidence of the somnolence apparently reported letargicaa cf.
“encefalite letargica” in English
Grosz K, Pappenheim M. These two clinical syndromes, argued Hogler, were clearly different clinical entities. Silent carriers may have played a role in its dissemination, as in poliomyelitis, but would still not entirely overcome the epidemiological difficulties which encumbered the unitarian position see, for example, Levaditi ; Stieflerpp — Migraine Familial hemiplegic Cluster Tension.
Zschr ges Neurol Psychiat.
The Sheffield outbreak of epidemic encephalitis in This page was last encefalitd on 1 Februaryat Berger W, Untersteiner R. Dati epidemiologici e considerazioni. Infektionen und Intoxicationen II. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. Zur pathologischen Anatomie der herrschenden Encephalitis epidemica. Ilnona o encefalite letargica epidemica.
Bull Off int Hyg publ. Even today, influenza virus and genetic material can only rarely be isolated from cerebrospinal fluid CSF or autopsied brain material incases of presumed influenza CNS infection Johnsonpp f. These were more common in the course of influenza encephalitis, often progressing in parallel with other symptoms. Der Liquor cerebrospinalis bei Encephalitis epidemica. A contribution to the history of encephalitis epidemica in China. Invasion of brain by neurovirulent influenza A virus after intranasal inoculation.
The onset of EL, in contrast, was usually less tempestuous, and EL rarely developed during a well-defined bout of influenza or pneumonia. Specielle Pathologie und Therapie. Ricerche sulla etiologia della encefalite epidemica con speciale riguardo a un particolare virus filtrabile micrococciforme e alla sua recettivita per le scimmie macachi Arch Sci Med Torino ; The disease attacks the brain, leaving some victims in a statue-like condition, speechless and motionless.
Economo recognized in his early cases not a variation of influenza, but rather a neuropathological picture akin to polioencephalitis Economo a. Travel Med Infect Dis.