Found subtidally (Ref. ). Inhabits hard substrates by boring on rocks in shallow waters (Ref. ). It is also found on fore-reefs (Ref. ). Feeds on. Image of Echinometra mathaei. Echinometra mathaei Trusted. Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike (CC BY-NC-SA Physical Description. Echinometra mathaei are roughly spherical in shape and exhibit pentamourous symmetry. The urchin consists of the main body known as .
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This page was last edited on 13 Aprilat Its natural predators are mostly finfish but there is also some predation by brittle stars and gastropod molluscs. Echinometra mathaeithe burrowing echinometrwis a species of sea urchin in the family Echinometridae. AgassizEchinometra picta A. Blainville. Articles with ‘species’ microformats.
Echinometra mathaei with pale banding around the base of spines. The urchin consists of the main body known as the test, and is surrounded by spines extending outwards in all directions. The type locality is Mauritius.
Echinometra mathaei uses its spines and teeth part of the mouthparts known as Aristotle’s lantern to echinometga itself into the basaltic and calcareous rock where it lives. Spine echinomeyra varies with individuals showing spines of various shades of green, grey and purple. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology.
Echinometra mathaei Blainville. Retrieved from ” https: Most specimens are between 30 and 70mm diameter with a test size of up to 50mm. Kroh A, Mooi R, eds. It occurs in shallow waters in the Indo-Pacific region. The spines are sometimes green and purple with purple tips or entirely green with purple tips but this sea urchin can be distinguished from other species by a characteristic pale ring at the base of cehinometra spine.
Echinometra mathaei Echinometra mathaei Scientific classification Kingdom: It has been found that in areas where heavy fishing takes place, the number of urchins is increased because their natural predators echinlmetra less abundant and as a consequence, greater damage to the reef takes place. Agassiz, Echinometra heteropora L.
Echinometra mathaei grows to a test diameter of about 5 centimetres 2. World Register of Marine Species. The colour is quite variable but the test is usually a dark colour. Mathaei can be distinguished from other urchin species by the pale ring at the base of each spine, a unique characteristic of the species Boyer, World Database of Marine Species.
Views Read Edit View history. AgassizEchinometra heteropora A.
Spines on the ventral oral surface of the urchin are smaller in size and are parted in the centre where the feeding appendage occurs, and spines are similarly smaller on the aboral surface where they give way to the anus. Echinometra mathaei are roughly spherical in shape and exhibit pentamourous symmetry. When these settle on the seabed, they undergo metamorphosis into juvenile sea urchins. Physical Description Echinometra mathaei are roughly spherical in shape and exhibit pentamourous symmetry.
Mathaei can grow to sizes of up to 85mm diameter, with no sexual dimorphism McClanahan and Muthiga, In other projects Wikimedia Commons. Because of its burrowing activities, Echinometra mathaei causes bioerosion of coral reefs. Spines can reach lengths of up to 20mm.
A commensal shrimpAthanas areteformilives among the spines of this sea urchin  and its appearance is mimicked by the mantis shrimp ecihnometra, Echinosquilla gueriniiwhich conceals itself in a hole in the rock with only its spiny telson visible.
Bulletin of Marine Science. Spine colour may vary along the length of spine, with some spines appearing pale purple at the base and turning darker towards ecyinometra tip, or green along the length with white tips.
WoRMS – World Register of Marine Species – Echinometra mathaei (Blainville, )
Agassiz, Echinometra picta A. Fertilisation is external and the echinopluteus larvae are planktonic. The two sides of the same dried specimen MHNT. Colour The test echknometra E. As with other sea urchins, breeding involves releasing gametes into the water column.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Echinometridae Animals described in