ECHINOCHLOA CRUS-PAVONIS PDF

ECHINOCHLOA CRUS-PAVONIS PDF

Effect of Aerobic Priming on the Response of Echinochloa crus-pavonis to Anaerobic Stress. Plant Physiology ; I. O. Akobundu, C.W. Agyakwa. Echinochloa crus-pavonis* (Kunth) Schult. Mant. 2: (). Classification. ( GPWG ): Subfamily Panicoideae. Paniceae. Basionym. Echinochloa crus-pavonis, a monocot, is an annual grass that is not native to California; it was introduced from elsewhere and naturalized in the wild.

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Upper glumes subequal to the spikelets; lower florets sterile; lower lemmas unawned or echinoxhloa, awns 15 mm, curved; lower paleas absent, vestigial, or well-developed; upper lemmas narrowly elliptic, not or scarcely exceeding the upper glumes, acute or obtuse, with a well-differentiated, early-withering tip, glabrous or pubescent at the base of the tip, hairs not forming a line across the base; anthers 0. It is found in higher, dryland areas and has generally been considered to be an anaerobic- or flood-intolerant species.

Probably also used as a food plant by various tribes, as it is so similar to E.

Riceweeds fr – Information – Taxonomie – Echinochloa crus-pavonis (Kunth) Schult.

Panicum zelayense Kunth Steud. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies. An erectannual mash grass up to 3 m high. Stem Stout, spongy stem that is rounded and has thick roots.

Weed type Grass Global description An erectannual mash grass up to 3 m high. Grass used as cattle fodder and is sometimes cultivated for this purpose.

Echinochloa crus-pavonis – Wikipedia

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Reported to be preventative and tonic, barnyard grass is a folk remedy in India for carbuncleshaemorrhagessoresspleen trouble, cancer and wounds. Annual or short-lived perennial grass, erect or sometimes crus-pavobis at base, cm tall; nodes glabrous. Crus-pavnis grows on variety of wet sites such as ditches, low areas in fertile croplands and wet wastes, often growing in water.

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Dai Echinochloa disticha St. Pale brownish, broad-elliptic to ovateto 1. The grain of some varieties is eaten by humans in times of scarcity and sometimes used for adulterating fennel. Kunth Oplismenus limosus J. Barnyard grass was one of the five most cultivated crops during Joseon Dynasty in Korea. It favors marshes and wet places at lower elevations, often being found in the water. Panicles cm, erect or drooping, nodes sparsely hispid, hairs papillose-based, internodes glabrous; primary branches to 14 cm, nodes sometimes sparsely hispid, hairs papillose-based, internodes usually glabrous; secondary branches to 3 cm.

Echinochloa crus-pavonis is a native species, though incredibly difficult to distinguish from the exotic and much more common Echinochloa crus-galli barnyard grass.

General habit Erectascending grass. This species is considered an invasive species in North America where it occurs throughout the continental United States. Echinochloa crus-galli Scientific classification Kingdom: Echinochloa zelayensis, Echinochloa crus-galli var.

This grass is subject to brown spota fungal infection caused crus-pabonis Bipolaris oryzae. Erectascending grass.

It is commonly known as cockspur or cockspur grassbarnyard milletJapanese milletwater grasscommon barnyard grassor simply “barnyard grass” which may refer to any species of Echinochloa or the genus as a whole however. Treatments state that the spikelets have 1 cm awns, but herbarium specimens do not always bear that out. Both species have well-differentiated, early-withering tips on the fertile lemmas; according to FNA, E.

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The following Punjabi dialect forms are recorded in Punjab for this grass:. Rare and not abundant. The young shoots are eaten as a vegetable. Inflorescence Consist of long conically sharped racemes cm long, some of which may be branched. Rural Development Administration of South Korean government discovered barnyard grass effectively lowers blood sugar and cholesterol when consumed according to Yonhap. Flora of North America.

Underground system Roots at lower nodes. It is also suited for silage, but not for hay. Echinochloa crus-galli is a type of wild grass originating from tropical Asia that was formerly classified as a type of panicum grass.

Panicles cm, erect or often nodding, rather soft, pinkish or pale purple; primary branches to 14 cm, mostly ascending or appressed, secondary branches to 3 cm. Frequent and usually abundant.

Echinochloa crus-pavonis (Kunth) Schult. — The Plant List

Kunth Oplismenus echinatus Willd. Nakai Echinochloa formosensis Ohwi S. This grass is readily eaten by wild animals: Native to tropical regions. Frequent but not abundant. This grass is also used for reclamation of saline and alkaline areas, especially in Egypt.