DZONGKHA GRAMMAR PDF

DZONGKHA GRAMMAR PDF

Donor challenge: Your generous donation will be matched 2-to-1 right now. Your $5 becomes $15! Dear Internet Archive Supporter,. I ask only. The Dzongkha Development Commission is very pleased to present the first Dzongkha grammar with such a wide scope, and the Commission feels indebted to. Dzongkha, or Bhutanese is a Sino-Tibetan language spoken by over half a million people in Bhutan; it is the sole official and national.

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The infinitive also combines with the negative of the verb Although the ergative suffix is in most Thorang Ta 3. The periphrastic tense of the main verbs in examples 91 – 92 will be explained in the next chapter.

D 0 a nga nau-mli “”‘ “‘ “‘ ‘! Rhetorical questions t!

Kho ’ema-d0 atshi z0 au ‘ing He ’ema-d0 atshi eat [aux] beu ‘in-na He will have ’ema-d0 atshi. You have beautiful eyes. In Dzongkha the language is Chalikha and Dzalakha, are quite distinct languages. The verbs y5 and dll are used in a locational sense to indicate the whereabouts of the subject of the sentence, in an existential sense to indicate the availability or presence of a person, commodity or thing, and an attributive sense to ascribe a quality to someone or something.

This arrow isn’t quite straight. J’ kha’nga ti a gu 0 Dzongkha articles follow the noun they modify. It is the first sound in the word Dzongkha. The steady state present and the suffix of acquired knowledge The steady state present consists of the bare stem of the verb only.

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Dzongkha language, alphabet and pronunciation

The conventions of Roman Dzongkha will also be expoun- ded in this chapter, albeit in an abbreviated form. Initial ph is followed yrammar the high register tone. As a grammar textbook, the Grammar of Dzongkha is to be used in conjunction with the Dzongkha Language Workbook, to be made available both in English and Ne- pali. In sentence 55the speaker has come to Trashicho have anything.

Kurtokha and the phonology of Bumthangkha and the fact both sides of the Mangdechu. The man who always used to repair our electricity no longer lives in Thimphu. For example, both the 25th and 26th of October past six’, the corresponding expressions in Dzongkha, were the 7th day of the ninth lunar month of the Iron Dutch, German and Russian mean ‘half of the sixth hour’, Horse Year.

J’ cha-chachap of a pronoun, r.

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The difference between sentence 18 and sentence 19 ‘ is likewise not a tense distinction, but has to do with whether Ch0-g0 i ngi-g 0 i pecha g6ati zha-ci or not the event was actually experienced by the person to You-[erg] 1-[gen] book where put-[pt] whom the question is addressed. In- a dr 0 ‘i n ‘o tr ‘w diana University Linguistics Club, pp. For practical pur- 4c. Dzongkha S is followed by the high register tone.

A change in the way the moment of inception of the day was There are several ways of forming a subordinate clause in defmed may have been the original cause for the fact that Dzongkha.

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There are roughly one thousand speakers in the two villages of Taba and agaric. In addition, finall and r are also occa- blanc or Portuguese bem or fim.

Dzongkha Grammar

She-[erg] he-[dat] love-[pot] She may love him. Experienced perceptions Chapter Four 7. Japan Overseas Cooperation Volunteers. Nga d0 ato tamkhu thum ‘ing I now smoking drink [aux] I am smoking at the moment. We house search-must-[ak] Time-one look-must-[ak] not’–‘be-Q [We] have to look for a house.

Without proper rendering supportyou may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols dzonglha of Unicode characters.

Ch0-g 0 i ‘namdr 0 u-g 0 i shokdzi. French Combien est-ce que ga coute? In each case, the activity de- noted by the present participle is contemporaneous with the event denoted by the main verb.

J’ thampa is often added 1P Khong thromkha-lu jou-ma They bazar-in-to go-[ep] They are on their way to the bazar. He’s not like me. Sem rang-sem-Hi sau me Mind own-mind-than explicit no!

The two of them are fighting. However, Dzongkha C is pronounced [tp] without aspiration, i. Verbs ending in a vowel will be marked as soft or hard in Dzongkha glossaries and dic- tionaries.