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Imam Ali al-Hadi peace be upon him has said: It is unfortunate that during this time, the people surrounding the near-death person often forego some of the obligatory and recommended acts and supplications.
On the Deathbed A Muhtadir is a dying person.
Shia Faith in a nutshell – Dua Adeela – Take Me to Karbala
A person becomes Muhtadir when death becomes apparent to one, and for example, is told that s he only has an hour or so to live and is nearing the final breath. At this stage, there are certain Islamic laws and rulings dau become obligatory in regard to the Muhtadir.
The jurisprudential issues mentioned in this article are based on the rulings of Grand Ayatollah Sayyid Ali Sistani.
Regardless of how pious and God-fearing one may be, asking for forgiveness for sins is an act which even the sinless and infallible Ahlul Bayt would practice.
Imam Sadiq peace be upon him has said: Ruling 7 Axeela Sadiq has said: If the Muhtadir has not performed any obligatory actions in his life for any reason whatsoever and they have now become delayed or Qadha, this should be written in the will or at least others should be informed. Otherwise, the permission must be sought. Ruling 35, 37 Areela while visiting a Muhtadir person, the Holy Prophet said: The shahadatain of Islam testimony in Allah and His Messengerthe acknowledgment of the 12 Imams, and the other tenets of faith be repeated to the dying person in such a manner that he or she would understand them.
It is also recommended that these things recited to him are repeated until the time of his or her death. Forgive my sins, which are many, and accept the little I have done in Your servitude. O wdeela one who accepts the little good deeds and forgives the many sins. Accept from me the little good deeds and forgive the many sins. Truly, You are the Forgiver and the Merciful. O Allah, fua mercy on me, truly You are the Merciful.
Preparing the Body for Burial Once the person has departed from this world, it is recommended to shut the eyes and lips, close the mouth, straighten the hands and feet, and spread a cloth over the dead body.
Obligatory Rules While Preparing adeepa Body for Burial The Aceela actions while preparing the body for burial become the obligation of the rightful guardian of the deceased, and if there is no guardian, then all surrounding Muslims become responsible.
If any one person takes up the responsibility, then all others will be relieved of the responsibility; however, if nobody attend to the dead body as prescribed, then all will be considered sinful. Please refer to Ahkam al-Amwat for detailed information regarding this responsibility. The second bathing should be with water mixed with camphor. The third should be with unmixed water. Ruling 52 For full details, please refer to the Ahkam addela link mentioned above. Imam Sadiq has said: Kafan is the obligatory three pieces of cloth used loin cloth, a shirt or tunic, and a sdeela cover to dress the deceased after the obligatory Ghusl al-Mayyit.
Hunut is the obligatory application of camphor powder to the forehead, both the palms, both the knees, and both the big toes of its feet after the Ghusl has been performed. Ruling Imam Sadiq said: For full details on how to properly execute dha Kafan and Hunut, please refer to the Ahkam al-Amwat link mentioned previously.
It is obligatory to offer Salat al-Mayyit funeral prayers for every Muslim, as well as for a Muslim child if it has completed 6 years of its age or a younger child who was aware of what prayer is.
Salat al-Mayyit should be offered after the dead body has been given Ghusl, Hunut, and Kafan. The intention for the Salat al-Mayyit and the recitation of the five Takbirs will slightly differ depending on the type of deceased person, the detail of which can be found in Ahkam al-Amwat.
Therefore, Allah duaa that one Takbir be recited for each of these pillars of Islamand our Shia have confirmed their belief in each of these five pillars of Islam, while those who are opposed to us do not believe in our Wilayat, the fifth pillar; thus, they only recite four Takbirs, and the Shia recite five. While the deceased is transported from one place to another, a coffin is traditionally used. The procession is when the body is carried from the place of Ghusl to the graveyard.
The body should be carried haltingly, that is, the coffin should be placed on the ground and carried three times, such that the fourth halt is by the grave. The grave must be deep enough that its smell does not xua out, nor does it allow beasts of prey to dig it out. Recommended Acts of the Burial Talqeen: Talqeen is usually performed before closing the grave. Please note that the Adeels may be performed at various stages while preparing the body for burial, i.
Talqeen is performed by the person laying the deceased in the grave. Talqeen is performed to remind the deceased of the answers to the questions which angels will ask during interrogation in the grave.
Who is your Lord? Who is your Prophet? What is your religion?
Quran o itrat 07 Ramzan 1435h-2014 Topic – Dua-e- Adeela Moulana Kumail Mehdavi
What is your book? Who are your Holy Imams? For the complete Talqeen to be read to the deceased, please click here.
It has been narrated that the angel of death watches which people offer their prayers on time and which people take their prayers lightly by not praying on time or not praying all together. So if there are any outstanding missed prayers of a believer as outlined in the Will or told to others, they should be performed as soon as possible to benefit the deceased.
Jarida is to place two pieces of fresh, green leafless twigs in the grave with the dead body. One twig should be placed below the armpit and the other twig should be placed above the armpit. Ruling The Ahlul Bayt really emphasized the importance of Jarida, as they said that as long as the twigs remained green and fresh, the deceased will be free from the squeezing of the grave.
It is also recommended to place some Khak-e-Shifa soil from the grave of Imam Hussain inside the grave and apply it to the forehead, palms, knees, and big toes, as this will protect the dead from chastisement of the grave. After Burial Recitation of Surah Fatiha while facing the Qibla and gifting the reward to the dwellers of a graveyard is one of the easiest things to do. This can be performed from anywhere. The first night after the person is buried is known to be the most difficult.
The more people that offer this prayer for the deceased, the better it is. This prayer is performed after the Isha prayers. Although visiting the graveyard may be like sprinkling salt on open wounds, our Imams have told us that doing so comforts the grave dwellers and is highly recommended. As soon as they get up from his grave side and leave, the fear takes over the person in the grave because of his leaving.
We should offer condolences to one who has lost someone. However, if the time lapse between the death and when one is able to offer condolences is long and will bring up sad memories to the family of the deceased, it is obviously not recommended to offer condolences. The Holy Prophet has said: As true believers, death is something we must constantly think about and in fact look forward to.
In the words of one scholar, death is nothing but reunion with the Beloved. Shaikh Abbas al-Qummi mentions in Manazil-e-Akhira: It is narrated in Bihar al-Anwar that once Imam Ali al-Ridha peace be upon him went to meet one of his companions who was about to die. I also see your luminous face along with them. Zara Syed Share this: