Phylogeography of the bark beetle Dendroctonus mexicanus Hopkins ( Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae). Anducho-Reyes MA(1). ABSTRACT: The Mexican pine beetle (XPB) Dendroctonus mexicanus, is recorded here for the first time as a new introduction for the United States (US). Semiochemicals of Dendroctonus mexicanus, the Mexican pine beetle. Phylum: Arthropoda. Subphylum: Uniramia. Class: Insecta. Order: Coleoptera. Family.
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As the eggs hatch, the larvae feed outward from the galleries into the phloem. On the northern and north-eastern exposures cedars Cupressus benthamii Endl.
Replanting of these clear cut areas with more resistant species, such as P. Epidemics are less aggressive where P. Wood-peckers working on Ponderosa pines infested by Dendroctonus brevicomis have been found to account for as high as 75 percent of the broods. A number of these larger infestations covered from 5 to 10 or more acres ha. Mmexicanus exclusive offers and updates from Oxford Academic. Areas and character of pine stands affected by recent epidemics The infested areas studied by the author are located near the towns of Tlalmanalco, San Rafael and Amecameca in the State of Mexico.
On the other hand Dr. Mexicanus Control experiments were not attempted in these studies as time was available only for collecting biological and ecological data. At this point D. In all the literature that is available there is very little dendroctojus about the life history and habits of the insects, their host relationships or the causes of the aggressive outbreaks that are characteristic of the infestations.
Control through forest management Regulated cutting and management of pine stands may offer the best solution for prevention of outbreaks of D. The dendroctonks group outbreak in near San Rafael is believed to have occurred in this manner when the emerging beetles in the infested forest near Dendrcotonus no longer found enough living host trees nearby.
For this reason mexicanuw efforts can be concentrated on D. Citing articles via Google Scholar. It furthers the University’s objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide. Allele frequencies, average heterozygosity, heterozygosity by locus, deviations from Hardy—Weinberg equilibrium HWEF-statistics among populations, and average genetic flow were calculated. Differences in brood potentials of D. A report by Dr.
Abstract It is assumed that geographic isolation denvroctonus Dendroctonus Erichson species populations or their plant hosts determines genetic structure. Genetic Structure of Dendroctonus mexicanus Coleoptera: As the eggs hatch, the minute larvae mine outward into the phloem at right angles to the main tunnel. This spread of the beetles through a pine forest can be easily followed by the changes that occur in the color of the foliage of the infested pines.
As the larvae mature, a pupal mexicanux is constructed in the phloem and the pupal period is passed in this cell.
Unasylva – Vol. 5, No. 4 – Pine bark beetles of Central Mexico
It is interesting to note, however, that there is mexicajus a minimum diameter limit under which it does not attack P. There is also apparently no true period of dormancy in its life cycle in this area, since attacks were commonly found occurring during all months of the year. In the course of intermittent field trips from Mexico City, it has been possible to acquire an understanding of the habits of three species of bark beetles, their interrelationships, the manner in which they attack and kill living trees, and the extent to which they may destroy certain stands of pine.
Adults of small chalcids were found in rearings of D. Destruction of wood by fungi proceeding rapidly. Time was not available in these studies to determine whether any percentage of the parent adults re-emerge, after rendroctonus egg-galleries in the first tree attacked, to start new attacks in other trees.
In no instance was there observed a reversal of this sequence of attack.
You must accept the terms and conditions. No Trees in which Brood Development was followed. His report La Plaga de Mexicanu which was not published untildescribed the aspects of the dead trees and the insects and their denddroctonus. The surrounding trees wore generally attacked by the new beetles emerging from the first group, the infestation slowly spreading through the stand in ever widening bands.
The pitch flow produced by Dendroctonus mexicanus attacks on Pinus leiophylla The pitch flow produced by Dendroctonus mexicanus attacks on P.
However, the attack did not end in these isolated stands; a sudden outbreak, approximately 5 acres 2 ha. This structure can be analyzed with respect to the biogeographic pattern that describes the species in a region.
EPPO Global Database
Martinez as Pinus montezumae and P. The author has photographed patches of wheat growing among the stumps of pines that had been killed by D.
At the present time a highly epidemic infestation of bark beetles is in progress in stands denddroctonus Pinus leiophylla around the valley of Mexico, similar in all its characteristics to the outbreaks of half a century ago which were described by Prof. This may very well dendrooctonus due to the great scarcity of the birds, which through lack of protection seem to be approaching extermination in these areas. The complete invasion of the stem by this species generally requires 7 to 10 days.
Acknowledgements The writer wishes to express his gratitude to the many people who aided in the preparation of this study; to John M. When these same areas were examined one year later, no new attacks were found around the areas that had been dendrodtonus.