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On this point, the Fuero del Trabajo was going to operate in Spain as a fundamental legislative reference point in relation to the actions that the Franco regime was going to undertake to resolve the “problem” of disability.
Now it also vindicated an important role in the task for controlling absenteeism for the company doctor, a problem that was considered to be on the rise in spite of the safety re social welfare plans Sangro,p.
Control of the disability led to the fact that a large part of citizens considered able for working were monitored to protect society from those, who whilst 57007 to work, were not readily disposed to do so or who wanted to use the benefits that the state offered to those considered to be temporarily or permanently “invalid” for work, without deserving them.
The aim of this article is to explore these interventions and use them to show how disability was used as a vehicle to implement steps aimed at disciplining the population as a whole. In Spain, the so-called National Syndicalism was the political and economic-social proposal which, using a fascist inspiration and with components taken from Catholicism, was used as a banner to promote the military uprising of and to guide the establishment of the new political order: It should not be surprising that these new circumstances were taken advantage 577 by doctors to show how through occupational medicine, they could contribute to encouraging this expansive industrial dynamic.
This loss was even greater “when the disability whatever its cause continued over a long period of time or became permanent at an early age in the worker’s life”.
On the one hand, it was necessary to generate the conviction that the ” productores ‘” bodily integrity represented an essential value for his individual future, but also for the collective future.
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National Syndicalism stimulated the development of a specific action against work accidents, which were contemplated as a considerable risk for the development of the regime. An Order of the 21st of September, was used to create the Health and Safety at Work Committees, which were compulsory for industries of a certain size and related to certain economic activities Orden, Social History of Medicine, 28 4 Remote access to EBSCO’s databases is permitted to patrons of subscribing institutions accessing from remote locations for personal, non-commercial use.
The NIMHSW responded to this challenge by carrying out training courses to provide the state with the type of doctors that it needed Cursillo, Return to Text This way of considering the relevance that occupation medicine had in Spain differed from the reasons it had acquired growing importance in the United Kingdom, where it appeared more connected to the development of social medicine and public health linked to the priority the British government gave to the workers’ health during the Second World War McIvor, Johnston,pp.
Proof of this can be seen in the steps adopted regarding health and safety in the factories and the recovery of victims of accidents that had occurred at work. Therefore, justice, at least initially, impelled sharing the load of the accidents amongst everyone. Attitudes and Disabled People: In this sense, as we will see, the experts in occupational medicine were going to play a prominent role, through the monitoring they carried out on the “producers” and persuading these producers to cooperate with the steps proposed by the authorities to fight against disabling accidents at work.
The efforts made by the INI to produce what was considered most necessary for the nation’s interest were obvious, but, although the start of a recovery in industrial production could be seen from the middle of the decade, it was not until the end of the decade that levels similar to those present prior to the Civil War could be appreciated.
On the other hand, unlike the occurrence in Spain with the Civil War, the victorious coalition in the Second World War allowed, for example, the recommendations of William Beveridge to be followed and a universal welfare state model to be implanted, which the Franco regime’s system tried to emulate very slowly, initially more based on a paternalistic and Bismarckian conception.
Thus work became an essential, pivotal element dde which Spanish social policy was organised. National Socialism and the Sciences: They were also entrusted with the following: Initially it covered the workers with very low wages, although subsequently 20006 was extended to all the paid “producers” and to the family members depending on them.
The NIMHSW paid significant attention to this education and propaganda work that was aimed at modifying the worker’s subjectivity. This allowed the Work Clinic to continue developing its activity throughout the period of the Franco’s Regime El Excmo. A total of papers were presented at this scientific meeting Devreto Congreso,p.
The links established between work and disability stimulated and extended another task of monitoring that was highly relevant for the ” Nuevo Estado “: Additionally, decrrto it insisted on the cost that disability had for the national income, it stimulated a view of disabled people as a burden for the public coffers.
It offered healthcare and economic cover for maternity and illness, excluding the situations covered by the work accident legislation.
It is not surprising that, as it ed presented as something that was necessary and essential for the prosperity of the Nation, and as the origin of a series of recognitions for those who undertook its performance, the new ee proclaimed the “right to work” of all Spaniards and considered the guarantee of its fulfilment to be a “primary task of the State” Declaration I. It was a holding of public companies that was involved in a wide range of industrial sectors, but most prominently in the ones considered most relevant because they contributed, within an autarchy framework, to replacing imports.
Gaceta de Madriddecreo. The aim 5077 this article is to explore how this way of contemplating the links between work and disability were configured and structured; to analyze how this was used to promote the role of occupational medicine in order to control the negative consequences of disability for productive activity; and to reveal the consequences of this on the people considered as “normal” or “able” and on those classified as “disabled”. Finally, I will attempt to show how the knowledge and the medical 570 generated to prevent and repair the “disability” caused by the work allowed greater social control to be exercised, contributing to 22006 the subjectivity of Spaniards, both those considered able to work and those qualified as “disabled”, in relation to disability.
Given that it was considered that the breach of the safety regulations represented a negative factor for the social and economic welfare of the workers, it was necessary to instil in them “the unquestionable values of prevention” Conceptos,p.
Whoever contributed with their working activity to the aggrandisement of the homeland deserved great esteem and held “sufficient merit to demand the assistance and protection of the state” Declaration 1. However, it seems that the Germans were not as inclined as the Italian fascists to fund the Falange Ellwood, decfeto, pp. As Deborah Stone has shownpp.
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In a prolific period of legislative activity was initiated, aimed at improving the productores ‘ lot. The ” Caudillo ” emphasised that nothing would be identified more closely to the concepts that guided the ” Nuevo Estado ” than the dwcreto developed at the conference, which he considered were aimed at “strengthening work ethics”.
These new experts would soon find a professional figure who was perfect for showing and developing this knowledge and practice: In this way, the growing job of the doctors during the Franco regime to rule out the cases of fraud contributed to promoting in Spain two images: In fact, the Franco regime had already taken a highly relevant step in relation to this.
Work injuries, scientific management and the production of disabled bodies in Spain, During the first half of the 20th century, the concern for the population was a prominent feature in Western states. This would be shown in the fundamental legal text on work and its legal regime in Franco’s Spain: Moreover, the control exercised by the doctors over the workers in order to establish whether they could be exempted from their duty of working, or of enjoying the resources that the state placed in the hands of those who had acquired his status as “invalid” as a result of an occupational disease or an accident at work, projected a permanent doubt regarding disabled people derived from the possibility that the impairments had been faked.