Croton megalocarpus is a deciduous tree with a dense, spreading, rather flat crown; it can grow up to 35 metres tall. The unbuttressed, cylindrical bole can be up. Croton tree: A year-old C. megalocarpus tree at a site in Bondo District, western. Kenya. The tree is approximately 12 m tall and 15 cm in diameter. Note the. CROTON MEGALOCARPUS*. DISTRIBUTION. Is a dominant upper canopy forest tree reaching heights of 40 m or more (Dale and Greenway ).

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Trees may already start flowering when they are 4 years old. The documented antibacterial activities of C. Croton megalocarpus is traded in herbal medicine muthi markets in Crooton and Nairobi, Kenya 4 and the bark of the species is commercially collected as traditional medicine for sale in Uganda 5.

World checklist and bibliography of Euphorbiaceae with Pandaceae. The tree can be managed by lopping, pollarding and coppicing. The leaves are long and oval-shaped.

BoxAH Wageningen, Netherlands. Wound healing properties of C. In Gabon the whitish wood of Croton wellensii De Wild.

Trees may already start flowering when they are 4 years old. The flowers provide nectar for honey bees; the honey produced is dark and has a strong flavour. The leaves have high nitrogen content and are often used as mulch.

Croton megalocarpus

Flora of Tropical East Africa. Croton trees play an important role in local ecosystems for crroton, wind protection, and soil conservation. Croton megalocarpus occurs in evergreen and semi-deciduous forest at — — — m altitude, sometimes also in riverine woodland and wooded grassland. Kenya Literature Bureau, Nairobi, Kenya. QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone smartphone cameras.


Wambugu and Waweru 44 evaluated wound healing potential of ethanolic extract of C. Alfred Maroyi Ethnopharmacological uses, phytochemistry and pharmacological properties megalcoarpus Croton macrostachyus Hochst. It is best represented in the Americas; about 65 species occur in continental Africa and about in Madagascar.

Croton megalocarpus grows rapidly when conditions are favourable. Although contemporary research involving C. Research Journal of Medicinal Plants Volume 11 4: It is often retained when the forest is cleared and is used as a shade tree for coffee plantations[].

When planted in hedges, plants should be pruned for the first time after 2 years. A prolific seeder, Croton trees fruit twice a year approximately five months after rains in East Africa.

The croton husks are milled for fertilizer. Crotoon and other constituents of Croton megalocarpus. In Kenya seedlings reached 1. In Kenya seedlings reached a height of 1. Croton megalocarpus, the poultry-feed tree: The flowers provide nectar for honey bees; the honey produced megalcoarpus dark and has a strong flavour[ ]. It is usually propagated by sowing, either directly into the field or in pots.

The resource limited farmers in East Africa, use bark, leaf and root decoctions of C.

It may serve as shade tree for coffee plantations. Croton megalocarpus is locally dominant in secondary natural forest and it is commonly planted. Ethnomedicinal uses of Croton megalocarpus: In the tail flick test, the mice were injected intraperitoneally with doses of the plant extract, morphine and the vehicle.


Click on “show more” to view them. Seeds seem to have great potential as a source of protein for poultry feed and perhaps also feeds for other livestock, but more research is still needed on the phytochemistry rcoton possible adverse effects before it can be developed into an important export product. Antinociceptive activities of extracts of Croton megalocarpus Hutch.

Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Croton megalocarpus

Croton seed cake is used in animal feeds. Seed – does not require crroton, but is best sown as soon as it is ripe. Croton megalocarpusis a plant species in the Euphorbiaceae family. The oil may be refined in a continuous transesterification reactor to produce bio-fuel of diesel oil quality and glycerol as a valuable by-product.

Croton megalocarpus – Wikipedia

Adoption of agroforestry systems by farmers in Masaka district of Uganda. Preliminary observations indicate that a yield of 25—30 kg of seed per tree per year is realistic. Simple tools in the form of a tin with a notch have been developed. Sap from leaves and young twigs are applied to wounds. The heartwood is yellowish white to brownish grey, often with irregular dark brown streaks; it is not distinctly demarcated from the 25 – 50mm wide band of sapwood.

Traditional medicinal plants in two urban areas in Kenya Thika and Nairobi: