Hillocks of coir pith accumulate in the vicinity of coconut coir-fiber extraction units, of which disposal and management remain a major problem. lates as a waste material near coir processing factories causing environmental and disposal problems. The feasibility of co-composting coir pith with solid poul. “PITHPLUS” An edible mushroom spawn speeds up composting process of coir pith and leads to 42% reduction in volume of coir pith. This mushroom belongs.
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Coir Pith Compost
First observation is volume reduction of waste material. The compost heap should be turned once in 10 days to allow the stale air trapped inside the compost material to go out and fresh air will get in.
The largest by products of coconut is coconut husk from which coir fibre is extracted. If no water is coming out of the material, that moisture status is ideal for composting. Presence of roof over the composting material is advantageous, since it protects the material from rain and severe sunshine. The addition of composted coir dust improves soil texture, structure and tilth, sandy soil become more compact and clayey soil become more arable.
The chemical observations are narrower C: Coir pith compost heap. These fibrous materials will not get composted and it will hinder with composting process. Application of coir pith compost. It is better to have an elevated place for composting. In between coconut trees, shade under any tree is good for composting. Over this one portion of coir pith is added and the same input mentioned above should be added.
The chemical observation for compost maturity is to be analysed in the laboratory. If all the above said conditions are maintained in the composting, it will take sixty days 60 days for some of the physical parameters to be observed in the compost. This extraction pihh generates a large quantity of dusty material called coir dust or coir pith.
In Tamil Nadu state alone 5 lakh tons of coir dust is available. Otherwise, it has to be removed at the end of composting at the compost yard.
If urea is applied, it is recommended that 5 kg urea is required for one ton of coir pith. A separate area should be earmarked for composting. Benefits of composted coir pith 5. Because of this, standing crop will get affected. Once in a month, water is sprinkled over the compost material to maintain the moisture. If earthen floor is available the floor can be made to hard by hard pressing and also by applying cow dung slurry. The floor of the compost making area should be levelled.
It improves the water holding capacity more than 5 times its dry weight contributing towards increased soil moisture.
Central Coir Research Institute
Coir pith is composted to reduce the wider C: If immature compost is applied compostinng the soil, even after entering into the soil, it will undergo decomposition inside the soil, by taking nutrients from the soil. Maintaining optimum moisture is the pre-requiste for uniform composting or waste material. Because of wider carbon and nitrogen ratio and lower biodegradability due to high lignin content, coir pith is still not considered as a good carbon source for use in agriculture.
It is better to prepare compost cokposting the own farm. Initially coir pith should be put up for 3 inch height and thoroughly moistened. Beforebuying composted coir dust, it should be ensured that the material is composted completely and quality analysis certificate is available with the material.
After moistening, nitrogenous source material clir be added.
But excess water should not be drained form the waste material is to take a handful of composting material and put in between the palms and squeeze it. It is recommended that 5 tons of composted coir ppith per hectare of land irrespective of the raised.
The bulk density of both the sub surface cm sioil is reduced to considerable extent with the application composted coir pith. So pithh should be heaped ckir the soil. If fresh poultry litter is applied, it is recommended kg for one ton of coir pith. Coir pith compost application increased the soil native microflora because of addition of humic materials. Nutritive value of raw and composted coir pith compost.
Limitation in using composted coir pith.
The increase in height doir the temperature generated in the coir pith compost process. The composted material which is obtained from sieving is ready pitth use. Composted coir dust contains all plant nutrient elements and it can provide a supplemental effect along with inorganic fertilizers.
The shady area conserve the moisture in the composting material. It is advisable to make a heap up to minimum of 4 feet height. Coir pith composting technology Collection of raw material.