Calliandra houstoniana var. calothyrsus (Meisn.) Barneby Anneslia confusa ( Sprague & Riley) Britton & Rose Calliandra similis Sprague & Riley Anneslia similis. BOTANIC DESCRIPTION. Calliandra calothyrsus is a small, thornless, often multistemmed shrub. Under optimum conditions it can attain a height of 12 m and a. Common Name: Red Calliandra. Calliandra calothyrsus. Often grown as a fuelwood crop and as an ornamental, it has escaped from cultivation and invaded .

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Central America – central Panama, north to southern Mexico.

Retrieved from ” https: Plantation of Calliandra calothyrsus can be either done by direct seeding or by seedlings. Chopping stems and leaves may result in excellent palatability Nyeko et al. It prefers moist soil and can tolerate drought. Calliandra calothyrsus is adapted to different types of soils. Pollination is achieved in the native range by hawkmoths and bats. In Uganda and Tanzania it is being adopted in home garden systems where it is planted calliandta banana with moderate shade.

Calliandra callothyrsus is native to the humid and sub-humid areas of Central America and Mexico. It yields high amounts of biomass calothyrsu has been recommended for green manure in areas of low fertility.

Calliandra (Calliandra calothyrsus) | Feedipedia

Suitable host for sandalwood Santalum album. The flowers provide a rich source of nectar for bees[ ]. Calliandra calothyrsus buds and open flowers of Calliandra calothyrsus Scientific classification Kingdom: For maximum leaf production, cut to a height of 0. Intake, digestibility and nitrogen utilization of three tropical tree leguems II. It cannot survive more than 2 weeks of waterlogging Wambugu et al.


Animal Production in Australia 22, pp. The effects of cultivation site on forage quality of Calliandra calothyrsus var. Dry to wet thickets, often on steep open slopes, at elevations of – 1, metres[ ].

Seed crops are commonly poor in the first year of production. Seed – the seed has a hard coat and requires pre-treatment by scarification. calliandfa

Scientific name

Thus the use of calliandra is not recommended in broiler feeds. Returns from charcoal production are higher than fuel wood because the wood is a quick burner[ ].

In alley cropping, pollarding should be carried out at 4 month intervals to limit shading of the companion crop Orwa et al. The bark is very variable in colour, from white to red brown or blackish brown Orwa et al.

Calliandra calothyrsus is a valuable wood source to poor populations that still rely on firewood as energy source. Calliandra flowers and leaves, Hawaii Photo: Fruits are broadly linearflattened, cm x 1 cm linear oblong callianda with thickened and raised margins, finely hairy or hairless, brown dehiscent, 8 12 seeded.

Calliandra calothyrsus – Useful Tropical Plants

callizndra The inflorescence, borne at the apex, is a showy spike-like raceme cm in length. It also lowered urine N excretion and increased that in the faeces Hove et al. Animal Feed Science and Technology85 Has been grown as a hedgerow in signal grass Brachiaria decumbensbuffalo couch Stenotaphrum secundatum and Imperata cylindrica pastures. Seedlings can be planted 0. Rumen degradation and in vivo digestibility of dried Calliandra calothyrsus leaves.


The dense canopy of calliandra provides good cover against sun and rain.

To prevent leaf loss in the dry season, cut at the end of the wet season. In this case it can be used during the whole year, or only during the dry season when grass quality and availability are low Nyeko et al. The effect of drying on the intake and rate of digestion of the shrub legume Calliandra calothyrsus.

Riley, Calliandra houstoniana var.

Calliandra calothyrsus

Intolerant of heavy shade. Its spreading root system binds soil on steep slopes and cleared forests that are at high risk of erosion Orwa et al. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. The pulp is easily bleached, but wood dimensions are generally small, making handling and chipping difficult[ ].

It can be outcompeted in later successional stages but may persist in areas of continual disturbance such as along roadsides or where shifting cultivation is practiced. The seeds are ellipsoid, flattened, mm long, and mottled dark brown in colour Palmer et al.

It can fix Nitrogen. It can grow in many different kind of soils, including acids soils to pH 5.

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