Bijaganita was Indian mathematician Bhāskara II’s treatise on algebra. It is the second volume of his main work Siddhānta Shiromani, Sanskrit for “Crown of. Bhaskaracharya, or Bhaskara II, is regarded almost without question as the greatest His work Bijaganita is effectively a treatise on algebra and contains the. Bhaskara II Knew x^2 had 2 solutions *; Had studied Pell’s equation and other Diophantine Lilavati (mathematics); Bijaganita (algebra); Siddhantasiromani.

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Joy off happiness is indeed ever increasing in this world for those who have Lilavati clasped to their throats, decorated as the members are with neat reduction of fractionsmultiplication and involutionpure and perfect as are the solutions, and tasteful as is the speech which is exemplified.

He also came up with the beginnings of infinitesimal calculus and made a number of contributions in the field of integral calculus. Almost all known Sanskrit mathematical texts consist mostly of concise formulas in verse.

His book on arithmetic is the source of interesting legends oc assert that it was written for his daughter, Lilavati. He also came up with the beginnings of infinitesimal calculus and made a number of contributions in the field of integral calculus. See also numerals and numeral systems. To avoid this fate, he ascertained an auspicious moment for his daughter’s wedding and to alert his daughter at the correct time, he placed a cup with a small hole at the bottom of a vessel filled with water, arranged so that the cup would sink at the beginning of the propitious hour.

Indian mathematics

One of his discoveries in this book was spherical trigonometry. Commentaries helped by providing at least bhzskara word-by-word gloss of the meaning and usually some illustrative examples—and in some cases even detailed demonstrations.

He placed the cup in the water so that it would sink at the exact time Lilavati was supposed to get married. Light, electromagnetic radiation that can be detected by the human eye. Each section deals with a different area of mathematics and astronomy. The problem was that Indian mathematicians were not able to accept the fact that it is impossible to divide by 0.


His mathematical astronomy text Siddhanta Shiromani is written in two parts: The auspicious moment for the wedding thus passed unnoticed leaving a devastated Bhaskara II. The work Bhaskara did in the book on indeterminate equations and integer solutions is the most important material in the book.

He knew about the sine table and relationships between various trigonometric functions. Using simple tools of ropes and stakes, the altar builders could produce quite sophisticated geometric constructions, such as transforming one plane figure into a different one of equal area. In addition to indeterminate equations, the book looks at quadratic, and simple equations as well as methods for evaluating surds.

Bhaskara also covered cosmography, geography and the seasons. Newer Bhaskars Older Post Home. While she was looking at the device, a pearl from her dress fell into the cup and blocked the hole. Bhaskara also covered cosmography, geography and the seasons.

To ensure that the marriage happened at the correct time, Bhaskara made a small hole in a cup and placed it in a pail bijagnita with water. In addition to his work on positive and negative numbers, Bhaskara also looked methods to determine unknown quantities and did more work on the number zero.

Indian mathematics |

These new religions, as well as the older Vedic religion—by this time mostly shorn of ritual animal slaughter and more akin to modern Hinduism —also required mathematical techniques for astronomical models in order to maintain their calendars. Bhaskara viewed the solar system as being heliocentric it revolves around the sun and the planets have an elliptical orbit. His work is outstanding for its systemisation, improved methods and the new topics that he has introduced. If you prefer to suggest your own revision of the article, you can go to edit mode requires login.

To ensure that the marriage happened at the correct time, Bhaskara made a small hole in a cup and placed it in a pail filled with water. Bhaskara calculated that it would take The rules that Bhaskara wrote about were the same rules that European mathematicians would come up with almost five hundred years later. In this book, Bhaskara wrote about his discovery that each positive number can have both a positive square root and a negative square root. If six pearls remained upon the string How many pearls were there altogether?


During the rise of Buddhism and Jainism after bcethe connection between mathematical and religious thought persisted. Please try again later. He has been called the greatest mathematician of medieval India. Because there are so few surviving physical representatives of mathematical works dating from earlier than the mid-2nd millennium, it is difficult to say when, where, and how some of these notational conventions changed.

He died in CE.

This is reminiscent of the structure of ancient Babylonian sexagesimal division tables and may indicate as do some later astronomical texts the influence of the base mathematics of Mesopotamia.

Trigonometric rules and tables are stated in astronomical chapters that employ them, and another chapter deals briefly with calculations relating to prosody. Bhaskara also used the law of gravity that was proposed by Brahmagupta. Bhaskara calculated that it would take Bhaskara looked at the mean longitudes and the true longitudes of the planets as well as latitudes.

Similar practices at the start of Western colonization in the 16th century introduced such topics as logarithms and heliocentrism into a few Sanskrit texts. The above-mentioned allusion to interchangeable tokens in counting pits suggests a form of decimal place value. Views Read Edit View history. Bhaskara wrote a number of books but the work that has had the most influence in the mathematics field is the Siddhanta Siromani Crown of Treatises.