Treatise on Instrumentation (Dover Books on Music) [Hector Berlioz, Richard Strauss] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. The most influential. Book Source: Digital Library of India Item : Hector ioned. Berlioz was one of the first composers to deal greatly with orchestration. In this treatise he talks about what the different sounds that instruments make (tone.

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Since we are now used to hear it playing in dance orchestras melodies that are more or less devoid of originality and distinction, and since its timbre has neither the nobility of the horn nor the pride of the trumpet, it is rather difficult to introduce the cornet to the elevated melodic style.

Te Deum8th movement; the original version of the Royal Hunt and Storm from Les Troyens was written for saxhorns, which nowadays are replaced by horns, trumpets, and cornets; the same applies to the great finale the Trojan March of Act I of Les Troyens ]. It should be noted that in this example and in many other passages Beethoven has given to the basses low notes which they cannot play, and this suggests that the orchestra for which he wrote included double basses which could reach down to C an octave below the low C of the cellos, which are no longer found today.

Here music is far from our national habits, the government does everything for theatres, but nothing for real music. Bassoons are normally written in two parts. This lack has resulted in numerous more or less clumsy mutilations and arrangements of the original scores. Admittedly harp players are not anxious to play whole pieces in these lower octaves; they are rather far from their bodies, force them to lean forward and stretch their arms, and thus to maintain a rather uncomfortable posture for some length of time.

This is a mistake.

The resulting sounds produce accompaniments treaise singers appreciate, as they do not cover their voices. On the contrary, that is the pointin everything and everywhere. An explanation of the role of particular instruments within the orchestra is also provided. This was reaction taken to exaggeration.

Treatise On Instrumentation

This has always been the case, and there is therefore no cause for surprise. Yet it could play a valuable role there, but rarely and only on condition that it is given melodies in a broad tempo that have unquestionable dignity. Cymbals are often used in conjunction with the bass drum, but as I have just said about the latter instrument, they can be used separately to excellent effect in many circumstances. Instead, the strong beat of every bar is struck, the orchestra is crushed, the voices obliterated; nothing is left, neither melody, nor harmony, nor line; even the tonality barely emerges.


One may mention here that the usual practice in the orchestra is to divide the violins into two groups, first and second, but there is no reason why they should not each be subdivided further into two or three parts, depending on what the composer is trying to achieve. The instrument requires harmony, or at least the unison of the other members of its family for its various qualities to manifest themselves completely.

Common terms and phrases Actual pitch Allegro alto trombone Andante aria arpeggios bass clarinet bass drum bass trombone bass tuba Bassi bassoon Beethoven Berlioz better bugle character Chor chords chorus chromatic intervals combined composer Cornet cresc difficult double double-basses effect employed English horn Example executed fifth finger flute four fourth string G-clef Gluck hand harmonics harp high tones Horn in F Hrnr impossible impracticable Including the chromatic instru kettledrums keys Klar Klar.

From some points of view the former are, generally speaking, inferior to the latter. InRichard Strauss was asked to update the text to include some modern instruments and included musical examples from Wagner, and in the updated Treatise with a new preface by Strauss was published in German.

Berlioz Treatise on orchestration

Sound reflectors are indispensable; they are found arranged in different ways in any enclosed building. And lastly neither the violin, nor the viola, nor bwrlioz cello, whether used solo or as a section, were suitable to express this sublime lament of a suffering shade overcome with despair; the instrument required was precisely that chosen by the composer.

For composers and music lovers it is therefore an assistant of unquestionable usefulness. Beethoven, 7th Symphony, 2nd movement, bars When stopped sounds are not used for a specific effect then at least those which have a poor sonority and are too different from the other sounds of the horn should be avoided.


It can be seen that in this ensemble of performers choristers do not predominate.

In this passage the contrasting sounds blend in truly wonderful fashion with the melodic sighs of the clarinet and enhance their expressiveness Example: This can sometimes produce excellent effects, even with stopped notes. Assisted by the low notes of trewtise clarinets in A and B flat this gives the passage the sinister timbre which evokes the feelings of terror and fear which permeate this immortal scene. The most formidable orchestra placed in the centre of a vast garden open on all sides, such as that of the Tuileriesinstrrumentation have no effect.

Treatise on Instrumentation – Wikipedia

There is nothing more vulgar, I would even say more monstrous and less designed to blend with the rest of the orchestra than those more or less fast passages written as solos for the middle insstrumentation of the ophicleide in some modern operas.

It only has stops for simple or double octaves and for shifting the keyboard right or left. It treatis easily with the rest of the harmony, and even the least skilful composer can at will give it a prominent role or make it play a part that is useful though inconspicuous. Between the chorus and harps and pianos alone. It can therefore be used to good effect in many circumstances. A violin section has power, lightness and grace, it can express sombre or joyful feelings, reverie and passion.

Francs Juges overture, bberlioz and following; Waverley overture, intrumentation 55 and following; Symphonie Fantastique3rd movement, bar and instrumentwtion 4th movement, bar 1 and following; King Lear overture, bar 67 and following].

There is nothing that is more appropriate for the idea of poetic festivals or religious celebrations than the sounds of a large number of harps when deployed in an imaginative way. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. The double or triple repetition of the upper notes in the last two examples is made very easy by using in succession the index finger and the third finger on the same string.

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