The Control Revolution Online is a student project website dedicated to late author James R. Beniger’s book entitled The Control Revolution: Technological and. Beniger, J. R. (). The Control Revolution: Technological and Economic Origins of the Information Society,. Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press. Communication and the. Control Revolution. James R. Beniger. In , Henry Crowell invented breakfast. He did not, of course, pio neer the practice?which.
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Beniger — The Control Revolution
Pay telephone, travelers’ checks. Inevitably revoluhion Industrial Revolution, with its ballooning use of energy to drive material processes, required a corresponding growth in the exploitation of information: Why do we find ourselves living in an Information Society?
Just a moment while we sign you in to your Goodreads account. This explains why so many of the components of computer control have been anticipated, both by visionaries like Charles Babbage and by practical innovators like Daniel McCallum, since the first signs of a benige crisis in the early nineteenth century.
I would consider it more as a tool for learning and research than an “absolute” thesis of any kind.
Larry Owens rated it really liked it Feb 25, Each of the major sectors of the economy tended to exploit a particular area of information technology: Machines linked for computing. Although all human societies have depended on hunting and gathering, agriculture, or the processing of matter and energy to sustain themselves, such material processing, it would seem, has begun to be eclipsed in relative importance by the processing of information.
These control mechanisms both relied upon and were necessitated by the explosive growth in the speed of movements and the mass of productivity unleashed by the Industrial Revolution.
The Control Revolution
Now does that tell you anything? In the United States, applications of steam power in the early s brought a dramatic rise in the speed, volume, and complexity of industrial processes, making them difficult to control. The more startling insights or new perspectives for me were schedules and insurance. His case studies are fascinating – he makes Quaker Oats seem exotic, and the orig This book came at the right time and changed my thinking about so many things.
The Control Revolution: Technological and Economic Origins of the Information Society
Dec 06, Rui Coelho rated it liked it. Aug 11, Peter rated it really liked it Shelves: It will ensue when men systematically use scientific procedures for the control of human relationships and the direction of the social effects of our vast technological machinery A practical example of a schedule and its importance in using new organizational capability were train schedules that enabled them to function first without running into one another and second, offering that capability to potential customers.
How did the collection, processing and communication of information come to play an increasingly important role in advanced industrial countries relative to the roles of matter and energy? The book is impressive not only for the breadth of its scholarship but also for the subtle force of its argument. Communication and computation technologies had grown separately until digital computers em Information technology is a combination of computing and communication, both of which have occured to information technology in the latter half of the 19th century.
And why is this change recent—or is it?
In Chapter 3 Beniger will trace our evolution from inorganic dust to technological societies, and show that social existence is controlled existence. Lab analysis for quality control. Bought a third copy. Tomas rated it liked it Dec 06, He shows us that the most perfect and efficient programming still resides in genetic programming. Aug 04, John rated it it was amazing Shelves: Material culture has also been crucial throughout human history, and yet capital did not begin to displace land as an economic base until the Industrial Revolution.
Life itself implies purposive activity and hence control, as we found in Chapter 2, tge national economies no less than in individual organisms.
In fact Beniger would have it that the information had to accompany the industrial revolution for industrial tools made organizations more capable or powerful. His anomie resulted from a breakdown of communication across increasingly isolated sectors. Most bureaucratic innovation arose in response to the crisis of control in the railroads; by the late s the large wholesale houses had fully exploited this form of control.
contrrol Such questions of timing become easier to answer if we consider, as we did in Chapter 5, that national economies constitute concrete open processing systems engaged in the continuous extraction, reorganization, and distribution of environmental inputs to final consumption. Despite the Control Revolution’s importance for understanding contemporary society, however, especially the continuing impact of computers and microprocessors, revolutiom most useful lesson relates to our understanding of social life more generally.
Mercantile firms are increasingly unable to control the growing commerce in wheat, corn, and cotton. Initially this control was in the form of bureaucracy, but after WWII it has shifted toward computer technology. Why did the Information Society seemingly occur so rapidly?
First, the rest of the world- this is a very America-centric story. He also makes barely any mention of religion. Beniger traces the causes of change from the middle to late ninteenth century — to a crisis of control — generated by the industrial revolution in manufacturing and transportation.
Large wholesale houses, among the most differentiated organizational structures in the nineteenth century, find need to integrate a growing number of highly specialized operating units. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts. Railroad companies except the Pennsylvania delay building large systems because they lack means to control them.
The great scientific revolution is still to come.