Aryabhata, also called Aryabhata I or Aryabhata the Elder, (born , possibly Ashmaka or Kusumapura, India), astronomer and the earliest Indian. Aryabhata(some time misspelled as ‘Aryabhatta’) was one of the first Indian mathematicians and astronomers belonging to the classical age. He was born in In [8] it is claimed that Aryabhata was born in the Asmaka region of the Vakataka dynasty in South India although the author accepted that he lived most of his life.

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He correctly deduced that the orbits of the planets are ellipses; this is another great discovery not credited to him but to Johannes Kepler a German astronomer, born AD Privacy Policy Manage Cookies. The work was written in verse couplets and deals with mathematics and astronomy. Aryabhataalso called Aryabhata I or Aryabhata the Elderbornpossibly Ashmaka or Kusumapura, Indiaastronomer and the earliest Indian mathematician whose work and history are available to modern scholars.

While he did not use a symbol for zerothe French mathematician Georges Ifrah argues atuobiography knowledge of zero was implicit in Aryabhata’s place-value system as a place holder for the powers of ten with null coefficients. It also contained a description of several astronomical instruments: March Learn how and when to remove this template message.

Please try again later. Historians cannot be completely sure when he was born, but one of his works notes it was written around 3, years into the Kali Yuga, so a rough estimation about the time in which he was born can be ascertained.

Encyclopaedia of the history of science, technology, and medicine in non-western cultures. The Aryabhata Knowledge University AKUPatna, has been established by the Government of Bihar in his honor for the development and management of educational infrastructure related to technical, medical, management and allied professional education.


This corresponds to CE, and implies that he was born in Instead of the prevailing cosmogony in which eclipses were caused by Rahu and Ketu identified as the pseudo-planetary lunar nodeshe explains eclipses in terms of shadows cast by and falling on Earth.

It is one of the earliest astronomical works to assign the start of each day to midnight. His name, time and provenance” PDF. Wikiquote has quotations related to: Thus, the lunar eclipse occurs when the Moon enters into the Earth’s shadow verse gola. Leave a Reply Cancel reply Your email address will not be published.

Astronomy before the Telescope.

Thus, it has been suggested that Aryabhata’s calculations were based on an underlying heliocentric model, in which the planets orbit the Sun, [35] [36] [37] though this has been rebutted. In Aryabhatiya, Aryabhata provided aryabhaa results for the summation of series of squares and cubes through well tried formulae.

Aryabhata was born around A. If you prefer to suggest your own revision of the article, you can go to edit mode requires login. In the case of Mercury and Venus, they move around the Earth at the aryabhatta mean speed as the Sun. Babylonian mathematics Chinese mathematics Greek mathematics Islamic mathematics European mathematics.

Submerged by lava-flow, now only an arc-shaped ridge remains. Similarly, his value for the length of the sidereal year at days, 6 hours, 12 minutes, and 30 seconds Within the mathematics portion of the work, a great deal was written about high level math topics such as plane trigonometry and spherical trigonometry, along with sections on arithmetic, quadratic equations, and algebra. Early Life and Education Aryabhata was born around A. Therefore, it would make great sense that this was where he would have invested a great deal of time learning to be a great astronomer.

Aryabhata Biography – Life of Indian Astronomer

King and George Saliba, ed. Aryabhata discussed the concept of sine aryahata his work by the name of ardha-jyawhich literally means “half-chord”.


It turns out that the smallest value for N is Using the Pythagorean theoremhe obtained one of the two methods for constructing his table of sines.

Some sources suggest that Kerala was Aryabhata’s main place of life and activity but others refute this statement.

He did not use the Brahmi numerals, and continued the Sanskritic tradition from Vedic times of using letters of the alphabet to denote numbers, expressing quantities in a mnemonic form. Retrieved 9 December The Aryabhatiya presented a number of innovations in mathematics and astronomy in verse form, which were influential for many centuries. Archived from the original on 11 July Thus, the explication of meaning is due to commentators. Learn More in these related Britannica articles: The United Nations UN ….

Aryabhata II

Continuing the Sanskritic tradition from Vedic timeshe used letters of the alphabet to denote numbers, expressing quantities, such as the table of sines in a mnemonic form. Kusumapura Pataliputra present day Patna [1]. He also realized that second-order sine difference is proportional autobiograpuy sine. A History of Mathematics Second ed.

See the events in life of Aryabhata in Chronological Order. Later Indian astronomers improved on the calculations, but Aryabhata’s methods provided the core. Retrieved from ” https: By this rule the circumference of a circle with a diameter of 20, can be approached. He assumed that jiba was the Arabic word jaibwhich means “fold in a garment”, L. That European astronomy was also known is suggested by the 6th-century astronomer Varahamihira, who mentions the Romaka….

Since, arabhata University of Nalanda was in Pataliputra, and had an astronomical observatory; it is probable that he was its head too.

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