Automated image analysis software for assessing banding or orientation of Microstructures in dual phase steel. For Annual Book of ASTM approved in Last previous edition approved in as E – 01(). Standards volume information, refer to the standard’s . ASTM E_ – Designation: E – 01 Standard Practice for Assessing the Degree of Bandin.

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Count only phase or constituent boundary intersections between unlike particles, grains, or patches. Remember me Forgot password? Curren Cur rentt edi editio tion n app approv roved ed Jan Jan. The grid should be placed without operator bias. The above equation is simple to use with a pocket calculator.

Sampling and Test Specimens 7. Hardenability studies have demonstrated this relationship for fully martensitic microstructures in steels rapidly quenched from the prescribed austenitizing temperatures. Test specimens should be prepared as described in 7.

NOTE 2—Measurements made on the martensite. A plot of such data on standard rectilinear graph paper reveals two linear portions with a change of slope at 58 HRC 0. If you feel that your comments have not received a fair hearing you should make your views known to the ASTM Committee on Standards, at the address shown below.

ASTM E (Reapproved ) Ferrite Banding Standard – PDF Free Download

However, depending on the alloy or material being examined, other illumination modes, such as polarized light or differential interference contrast illumination, may be used. This method is only applicable to as-quenched, fully martensitic steels minor levels of retained austenite will be present in higher carbon steels with carbon contents from 0.

The most common example of banding is the layered ferrite-pearlite structure of wrought low-carbon and low-carbon alloy steels. The length of full cross-section samples, in the deformation direction, should be at least 10 mm 0.


A number in parentheses indicates the year of last reapproval. The magnication must be high enough to permit accurate counting of feature interceptions or phase boundary intersections. If a line ends within asrm particle, patch or grain, count it as one half an interception.

ASTM E 1268 2001(Reapproved 2016) Ferrite Banding Standard

Test Methods E list appropriate etchants for most metals and alloys. If the product form is too large to permit preparation of full cross sections, the samples prepared at the desired locations should have a minimum polished surface area of mm2 0.

Equ Equiva ivalen lentt inc inch-p h-poun ound d val values ues, whe when n listed, are in parentheses and may be approximate.

ASTM International takes no position respecting the validity of any patent rights asserted in connection with any item mentioned in this standard. These conversions are for Knoop loads of gf or greater. With this equation, the predicted HRC is within The deformation axis in each microstructure shown is horizontal. Calculate the number of interceptions per unit length parallel to the deformation axis, N Lin accordance with: Last previous edition E — This difference requires pattern recognition techniques which are beyond the scope of this method.

If possible, a gf load should be used, particularly if the equivalent Rockwell C hardness HRC is to be estimated. The deformation axis in each microstructure shown is horizontal. Calculation of Results Linear regression for this portion of the conversion reveals the following relationship: The preparation procedure must reveal the microstructure without excessive inuence from preparation-induced deformation or smearing.

Users of this standard are expressly advised that determination of the validity of any such patent rights, and the risk of infringement of such rights, are entirely their own responsibility. This method is applicable only to steels with carbon contents from 0. The grid should be placed without operator bias. If the banded condition appears to vary substantially across the longitudinal section, measurements may be made at specic locations, for example, subsurface, midthickness and center locations, or at a series of locations across the thickness to assess the positional variability.


If both phases or constituents are banded, with no obvious matrix phase, choose one of the phases constituents for counting. This method is applicable only to steels with carbon contents from 0. The anisotropy index for a randomly oriented, non-banded microstructure is one. The Knoop microindentation hardnesses gf for matrix and segregate are converted to HRC values Eq 1 and Eq 3 of Annex A2 and the carbon contents are estimated using Eq 2 or Eq 4 Annex A2depending on the hardness level.

Summary of Practice 4. Although stereological measurement methods are used to assess the degree of banding or alignment, the measurements are only made on planes parallel to the deformation direction that is, a longitudinal plane and the three-dimensional characteristics of the banding or alignment are not evaluated.

Pub Publis lished hed Apr April il w1268 The experimental hardenability data lists an as-quenched hardness of 58 HRC for steels with carbon contents from 0. Banding or orientation is best observed using low magnications, for example, to ASTM D e1.

The accuracy of this conversion will become poorer as the test load decreases below gf.