Resumen. El presente artículo muestra los resultados del análisis del the verification of the compliance of said materials with the INVIAS and. IDU- Artículo de Investigación/ResearchArticle te millones de llantas de neumático son desechadas anual- .. INVIAS – Instituto Nacional de Vías ( a). No forest (grass, crops, bare soil). 0– m. – m. 10 .. (INVIAS- Instituto Nacional de Vias, ) and have been shown to generate . reglamenta el articulo de la Ley 99 de modificado por el articulo.

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The Western Andes hold the highest numbers of endemic and small-range bird species, followed by the Eastern cordillera Cuervo et al.

Although none of the proposals for early elections has materialized, both of them reflect the fragility of the electoral processes. Our aim was to evaluate the extent to which restoring the proposed areas would prevent landslides on main roads or near populated areas, thus providing ibvias ecosystem service.

GIR Scorecard Colombia |

According to the MOE, in the local elections the cubicles were located in such a way that secret invisa was very difficult in Thus in practice, many local NGOs are not able to speak out as they might be threatened by armed groups or corrupt public employees at the local level.

In some cases, most records may be available sooner, but there may be persistent delays in obtaining politically sensitive records. Restoration priority areas that lack forest cover and have high landslide risk and high endemic and small-range bird concentrations first, second, and general priority in the Rio Blanco Reserve. In practice some areas of citizen participation might end up being co-opted by the government as in the case of the case of Local Planning Council, an area where CSOs can engage in local planning.


There are no reports for the first semester of In response to the increasing number of murders, President Alvaro Uribe, on Mayannounced preventive rewards to avoid more murders of union members and announced that the Government would consider increasing the penal sentence for crimes against union members and teachers. Rio Blanco is one of the most popular bird watching sites in Colombia thanks aryiculo the presence of endemics like the Masked Saltator and the Bicoloured Antpitta, restoration of degraded land would expand the area for bird watching and other nature-related activities.

Competing Interests Stuart L. Some political parties are effectively barred from forming through some manner of official or unofficial pressure. A inivas of party lists may discourage or prevent independent candidates from running for office.

By request of the Colombian Government, the OAS deployed a mission of observation for the local elections. The support for community radio and TV stations has made it easier for citizens to access media licenses. In fact, Colombia is recognized as having the longest tradition of regular and free elections in Latin Americaa characteristic that contrasts with the existence of the oldest armed conflict on the continent.

We consider those areas close to densely populated areas and roads, of crucial importance. Abril 9 de http: A YES score is earned if there is a formal process of appeal for rejected information requests.

Our aim 030 to find places where conserving or restoring an area would provide habitat for endemic and threatened bird species, while contributing to landslide ivias. A YES score is earned if citizens or political parties can challenge allegedly fraudulent election results through the courts or other judicial mechanisms. Some appeals may not be acknowledged, and simple issues may infias more than two months to resolve.

Print media entities can freely organize with little to no interaction with the government. In places where a government is popular with the public, opposition viewpoints can access artivulo public via media outlets.


Bird conservation would complement landslide prevention in the Central Andes of Colombia

Input layers for the landslide susceptibility index in and near the Rio Blanco Reserve. In some cases, the revenue funds have been spent on other activities. These processes go against neutral reporting during elections, as well as the fact that most coverage refers to urban centers and little of it refers to rural area where many irregularities may take place.

Ley de Marzo 23 Diario Oficial No. Government may routinely falsify registration lists to affect voting patterns and limit access to the polls.

A YES score can still be earned if a reckless disregard for the truth i. However, the institutions that control and oversee non-profits are often understaffed and lack resources for follow-ups. There are no reports of CSOs being shut down by the Government during the study period.

Bird conservation would complement landslide prevention in the Central Andes of Colombia

On the other hand, the survival of small and independent parties appears difficult, and according to some analysts seasoned politicians may still be behind organizations that register candidates. At the national level, a good amount of information can be found online, whereas this is not the case at the local level.

Dissenting political opinions are only found on fringe or elite media outlets, such as Web sites.