Architecture in the Philippines: Filipino Building in a Cross-Cultural Context. Klassen, Winand. Published by University of San Carlos, Cebu City, ISBN Klassen Winand Architecture in the Philippines Filipino Building in a Cross from CEA at University of the Cordilleras (formerly Baguio Colleges Foundation). Main Author: Klassen, Winand W. Language(s): English. Published: Cebu City, Philippines: University of San Carlos, Subjects: Ethnic architecture >.

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First Lady Imelda Marcos, for example, advocated a return to supposedly folk cultures as the means of achieving a genuine national Filipino identity. Paradigms of Environmental Response Aldershot: Moreover, the act itself of selecting particular motifs and forms is not an innocent and unbiased operation Which elements are appropriated? Most of the sunlight falls klasssen the swimming pool, patio and lawn, not to klqssen the upper floor verandas. Even in death, the wake is often held in the home of the deceased with black and yellow curtains hung in the windows.

More modest homes have wood walls for both levels and in more recent times, cinder blocks have been used to enclose the lower level. A few years ago I began to notice that many of these houses were either abandoned or disappearing altogether–victims of changing family fortunes, good and bad–and the ravages of nature and time. Docemomo N”34 March Fig. The window sashes commonly have capiz shell panes and can be opened wide or closed for privacy or in stormy weather.

National Commission for Culture and the Arts, The following questions were posed: Military Dimension of Spreading the Faith, — The buildings, in short, were also communicating the colonial presence in klasxen islands.

Selected sets of symbols that are appropriated become problematic because they may not truly represent the cultural heterogeneity of the Philippines. This being a house of a successful Cebu-based family, the furnishings are both topnotch and local. The office building is characteristically terraced in its form, with plants surrounding the windows: The Metropolitan Theater of Manila, designed by Juan Arellano inwas a hybrid phillppines beaux-arts classicism and tropical art deco.


Countries such as Australia, Canada, Nigeria, India, and Papua New Guinea aggressively promoted a national architectural style to communicate their nation’s political sovereignty. The indigenous was portrayed here as natural and consequently, immutable and legitimate.

Essays on Philippine Heritage and Architecture. A large sliding gate affords entrance to the carport and garage, partially screened by triangular sailed sunscreens. The Wing House from the north side, with the swimming pool right between the master bedroom wing on the left and the senior sibling wing on the right.

A few towns have made an effort to preserve their architectural heritage. The roof form probably took its cue from the houses of the Isneg people found in the northern part of the Philippines, which made use of overlapping split bamboo nodes.

Zubu Design Associates turns a Cebu warehouse into a home – Bluprint

The image seen earlier of the Filipino wearing traditional costume at the Capitol Theater is biased towards the lowland Christianized Filipino cultures. During the s and the s, under the Marcos’ rule, architecture was seen as an avenue for the expression of Filipino-ness.

Inupon the recommendation of Dr. Only venerated relief in Cebu. The town of Taal, Batangas, is also notable for its preserved buildings.

University of San Carlos

William Parsons, typical reinforced concrete schoolhouse, this example from San Joaquin, Leyte, early twentieth century Docomomo N”34 March Theater, built in the late s, also displays rural tropical scenes on its facade. While it is true that Filipino designers and architects did not find it problematic to use local and indigenous motifs and ideas in the development of modern architecture, localization cannot be merely thought of as an appendage of modernization.

It can be described as stemming first from an indigenous source that is, a form, an ornament or a concept and then reinterpreted using foreign technology and idiom. Who dictates the choosing of these elements? This implies a shift of the understanding of the vernacular in architectural design in the Philippines.


Progressivism is a mantra increasingly being echoed within young architectural circles in Cebu City, particularly amongst those educated at the University of San Carlos USC. Spanish Colonial Fortifications as a Cultural Route. My thanks to Jun Gines for suggesting this idea.

Still another source of inspiration stemmed from indigenous geography and geology. The roofs of the National Arts Center in Laguna fig. Therefore, some Philippine cultures were included while others were excluded in the national narrative. Filipino women garbed in traditional lowlanders costume form the central features in the facade fig.

New Day Publishers, She would grow up there and her love interest would make a “house-calling” umaakyat ng bahay to seek permission of her parents to court her. The Diocese of Gumaca,A Documentary.

Architecture in the Philippines: Filipino building in a cross-cultural context

Instead, I propose that we refocus our understanding of how identity is practiced and how this knowledge of our identity formation can lead to more empowering and ennobling projects.

Click on the thumbnails to view a larger image of our SHS klqssen covers. Roof shapes, owing to their visibility, were usually the first to be borrowed. Academic calendar and events.

Architecture in the Philippines: Filipino Building in a Cross-Cultural Context | EduShop

Spanish Colonial Fortifications of the Philippines, — I’ve seen subdivisions that could have been named “California-kitsch”. At the time, being Filipino meant having a distinct and essential national culture differing from other world cultures. Thus, Filipino designers at the time were consciously appropriating imagery and icons that they believed were representative of Philippine culture.