The attitude and orbit control subsystem (AOCS) provides attitude information communications service equipment, and scientific instruments. Control is. An operating communications satellite system consists of Physical Structure. Attitude and Orbit Control System. (AOCS). Power System. Thermal Control. oriented framework for Attitude and Orbit Control System or AOCS of satellites. Understanding the case study requires some familiarity with the AOCS domain.

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This site was designed with the. Power systems and rockets are communicztion in this drum. It is usually composed of one or more antennas, which receive and transmit over wide bandwidths at microwave frequencies, and a set of receivers and transmitters that amplify and retransmit the incoming signals.

A satellite which uses multiple frequency bands usually has four or more antennas. These three axes define the altitude of satellite.

These forces change cyclically over a hour period, since the satellite moves around the earth. ESA uses cookies to track visits to our website only, no personal information is collected. In this way, the AOC subsystem takes care of the satellite position in the right orbit and at right altitude during entire life span of the communicayion in space. This method is called as three-axis satellte. Missions Show All Missions.

This drum is covered with solar cells. The fully redundant AOCS represents some kg of satellitr In general, it can be rotated at 30 to rpm in order to produce a force, which is of gyroscopic type. Before delivery for integration into the spacecraft, the AOCS system underwent several weeks of intensive testing, and subsequent System Validation Tests on the assembled satellite have confirmed its perfect operation.

Attitude and orbit control system AOCS. Two types of transponder in use: Altitude and Orbit Control AOC subsystem consists of rocket satelllite, which are capable of placing the satellite into the right orbit, whenever it is deviated from the respective orbit. On the basis of data supplied by a star-tracker telescope, which recognises the different communicationn formations in its field of view, the AOCS computers calculate the appropriate momentum of the reaction wheels for precision manoeuvring of the spacecraft during observations or to change the target.


It is also used to control the antenna pointing and communication system configuration to suit current traffic requirements and to operate switch on the satellite.

Satellite Communication AOC Subsystem

The direction of this motor will be opposite to the rotation of satellite body, so that the antennas point towards earth. Then, it will resolve that issue by bringing the satellite into the correct orbit. Orbit control subsystem is useful in order to bring the satellite into its correct orbit, whenever the satellite gets deviated from its orbit. Reaction wheel courtesy of MMS. The power is used by the communications system, mainly in its transmitters, and also by all other electrical systems on the satellite.

The pointing accuracy of the 10 m long XMM-Newton is 0. Following are the two methods to make the satellite that is present in an orbit as stable. All eventual failures must be detected.

All communications satellite derive their electrical power from solar cells. These systems are partly on the satellite and partly at the controlling earth station. The satellites, which perform this kind of operation are called as de-spin.

So, the second gas jet ssatellite stop the motion of satellite in that axis direction. If there is a change in altitude of the satellite, then the angles between the respective axes will be changed. The letter use is housekeeping, since these subsystems serve to support the communications system. An electric motor drives this communication system. In this method, each axis contains two gas jets.

Most satellite antennas are designed to operate in a single frequency band, for example, C band or Ku band. By continuing to use the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. The maximum rotation speed of the reaction wheels is rpm.

The communication subsystem is the major part of the satellite. Due to this, the spin axis gets stabilized and the satellite will point in the same direction. OK Find out more about our cookie policy.


You can also try this books 1. The orientation of a satellite in space aosc crucial, whether it be for telecommunications or Earth observation ln, or for astronomy missions like XMM-Newton. Note that this is not a bright source avoidance cone, but driven by requirements on the spacecraft’s alignment with respect to the Sun to ensure sufficient energy supply and thermal stability.

However, should any serious anomaly occur, such as a prolonged loss of contact, XMM-Newton will automatically enter a survival mode and wait for direct control to be re-established from Earth.

A vital requirement of the XMM-Newton mission is that its delicate science detectors must not be damaged by luminous sources in the sky. ESA’s X-ray space observatory targets distant X-ray sources for long periods often exceeding ten hours and one of the key requirements of the satellite is its very high pointing accuracy and stability.

Attitude and orbit control system(AOCS) | Satellite Communication

The design of the AOCS has been driven by a fail-safe approach. After this, the de-spin system operates in order to make the TTCM subsystem antennas point towards earth station. The receiver-transmitter units are known as transponders.

Spinner contains a drum, which is of cylindrical shape. If there is any change in satellite orbit, then it satelljte a signal aatellite the correction to Orbit control subsystem.

This set of three axis provides the information about orientation of the satellite with respect to reference axes.

Satellite Communication – AOC Subsystem

We know that satellite may deviates from its orbit due to the gravitational forces from sun, moon and other planets. Communication subsystem is placed on top of the drum. The tracking im is located at this earth station and provides information on the range and the elevation and azimuth angles of the satellite.

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