Phylum/Division: Magnoliophyta. Class: Eudicots. Order: Fabales. Family: Fabaceae. Genus: Andira. Species: A. inermis. Common Names: Bastard Mahogany. Range Description: Andira inermis is a very widespread species in the Neotropics and Africa. In Africa it is found in West Africa to southern Sudan, in the . Description. Cabbage tree is an attractive tree from tropical America and West Africa growing to a height of 20 m. The leaves are compound and alternately.

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Leaves are simple pinnate compound, cm long, spirally arranged, with pairs of opposite leaflet as well as a terminal leaflet.

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species

The plant described herein is not intended to treat, cure, diagnose, mitigate or prevent any disease. The outer bark is dark gray to brown, fissured, scaly and with an unpleasant cabbage-like odor; the inner bark a pinkish brown. The tree’s wood is used for lumber, and its smooth gray bark reportedly has narcoticinermksand vermifuge properties.

Leaves are alternate, pinnate, entire, bright tan when young, shiny green when mature, and inches long. Other andiea prepare a bark decoction to use for ring worm and other fungal infections on the skin. Flowering branches Photograph by: Native, Naturalised and Cultivated Species.

The leaves are compound and alternately arranged along the branches. Year ISBN Description An extremely concise book, listing approximately 1, inermid and varieties of plants with their botanical name, common name in Brazil, regions in Brazil where the plant is found, a brief list of uses and any medically active compounds in the plant.


Andira inermis 50 Gal Std Call. Now containing plants. A ghood wayside tree as the crown gives good shade and the many dense bunches of flowers are attractive.

Tropical trees and shrubs – A qndira for urban plantings. Cultivated flowering tree Photograph by: It makes a good windbreak and the timber is used in furniture.

Andira inermis

The statements contained herein have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. Flowers are borne in terminal groups inches long, made up of small pink to purple, aromatic blooms, attracting bees, butterflies and birds. Wright Kunth ex DC. The Insrmis Plant Database.

An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region. Some of the active compounds found in cabbage inermiz bark or root include: In its native area, cabbage bark is used for inermsi control, windbreaks and as shade in coffee plantations.

Read more about the Fabaceae family. This article is about tree. Plants that heal, thrill and kill. Some Indian tribes in the Amazon use the bark to kill fish in the river. Please refer to our Conditions of Use for using andirz plant database file and web site. It is treated with much respect by the rainforest shamans and herbal healers as a very powerful medicine since too large of a dose causes vomiting, fever, delirium, and even death.

Views Read Edit View history. Readable yet also very detailed. Tribal and Herbal Medicine Uses Cabbage tree produces a smooth grey bark which has been used in herbal medicine systems as a strong purgative to expel intestinal worms. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies.

Andira inermis Images

It grows primarily in riparian zones in forests along rivers. Cabbage tree is a popular ornamental tree in the tropical countries where it grows; for the shade it provides and for the attractive fragrant flowers. Available for download on the internet.


Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. Plant Chemicals Some of the active infrmis found in cabbage tree bark or root include: A wealth of colour photographs bring each plant vividly to life. Developing seedpods Photograph by: Email us at dbsthh nus. Fruits are atypical of the family, having a fibrous pulp enclosing a round seed and not splitting open like most legumes do when ripe.

Articles with ‘species’ microformats Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms. Please read the Conditions of Useand Copyright Statement for this web page and web site. Cabbage tree is an attractive tree from tropical America and West Africa growing to a height of 20 m.

The entire flora 13 volumes can now be downloaded from http: Andira inermis is a nitrogen-fixing tree native to the area from southern Mexico through Central America to northern South America PeruBoliviaand Brazil ; it has been introduced to the Caribbeanthe AntillesFloridaand Africa.

Andira inermis – Useful Tropical Plants

The tree produces pink to purple flowers in dense terminal bunches which are highly fragrant. Description A small evergreen tree to 20 m tall, it has a dense, dark green crown. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Bats and rodents feed on the fruit and disperse the seeds.