Allanblackia floribunda is an evergreen Tree growing to 25 m (82ft) by 20 m (65ft) at a fast rate. It is hardy to zone (UK) The flowers are pollinated by Insects. The useful plants of west tropical Africa, Vol 2. Names. Allanblackia floribunda Oliv. [family GUTTIFERAE]. Allanblackia parviflora A. Chev. [family GUTTIFERAE] . Native geographic distributions of (a) Allanblackia floribunda; (b) A. parviflora; and (c) A. stuhlmannii. Maps reprinted with permission from.
|Genre:||Health and Food|
|Published (Last):||4 December 2009|
|PDF File Size:||4.92 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||17.63 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Allanblackia floribunda Type of Allanblackia floribunda During the Great War, Allanblackia oil was used as a substitute for cocoa butter during the manufacture of chocolate [ 14 ]. Retrieved from ” https: The bark has anodynal properties. Numerous, in 5 bundles opposite the petals, 10—15 mm long, anthers arranged on the internal face of the bundle; disk star-shaped with deeply folded glands.
Allanblackia Oil: Phytochemistry and Use as a Functional Food
QR Code What’s this? Management Efforts to domesticate Allanblackia floribunda are underway, but at allanblacki seed is only collected from wild stands or from trees retained on farm land. The optimum conditions for the extraction of seed oil from several species of Allanblackia have yet to be determined.
The compounds isolated showed moderate in-vitro cytotoxicity against the KB alkanblackia cell line. Conclusions Species of the genus Allanblackia Clusiaceae are currently the focus of a high degree of attention, due to interest in the consumption and commercial exploitation of the seed oils.
The PFAF Bookshop
The fairly hard heartwood of Allanblackia floribunda is pale red or brown and usually fairly distinctly demarcated from the thick, pinkish beige sapwood. Unisexual, regular, five-merous, pinkish or reddish, fragrant; pedicel 1—3 cm.
Common in the wild on strongly leached, acid soils with pH 3. Dry wood saws well, but green wood may spring on conversion.
Diseases and pests The fruits and seeds are eaten by many wild animals and losses are great unless mature fruits are collected frequently. The wood has little lustre. The seeds are eaten in times of food scarcity and are also used as bait in traps for small game. Inthe European Food Safety Authority deemed Allanblackia seed oil described as oil derived from the seeds of A. Flore du Congo belge et du Ruanda-Urundi.
In Nigeria it is used in construction of local houses. Nigeria is developing infrastructure for international-scale commercial use. Sapotaceaemaking it a valuable and useful raw material in both the food and cosmetic industries. In their application to include Allanblackia seed oil in vegetable-based spreads, submitted inUnilever Deutschland GmbH indicated that some batches of the unrefined seed oil contained benzophenone derivatives i.
Fruitiers sauvages du Cameroun.
Selection of high-yielding trees for seed collection and vegetative multiplication has started recently. Articles with ‘species’ microformats All stub articles. The Hehe people, native to south-central Tanzania, have been reported to combine the seed oil with crushed seeds of Psorospermum febrifugum Spach Hypericaceae and rub the mixture into the soles of the feet to heal deep cracks [ 46 ].
Both are evergreen trees that, when mature, can attain a height of up to floriubnda m and a trunk diameter of 80 cm; can have reddish-brown bark with small, irregular scales; possess opposite, simple, entire, glabrous, estipulate leaves with short ca. A prenylated xanthone, named allanxanthone A, has been isolated from the bark, as well as 1,5-dihydroxyxanthone and 1,5,6-trihydroxy-3, 7-dimethoxyxanthone.
Natural regeneration is affected by seed predation and collection. Allanblackia trees that have been planted for the commercial production of seed oil need significant time to mature, usually seven years or more, before they produce an economic crop, and due to the dioecious nature of the plants, obviously a crop will only be obtained from productive female plants. Allanblackia stuhlmannii in Swahili: In the Region it is pounded and rubbed on the body to relieve painful conditions.
Aloanblackia decoction of the inner bark is taken to treat diarrhoea, dysentery and stomach aches. A allanblackai understorey tree of lowland closed evergreen rainforest and riverine forest, and also in secondary and swamp forest, at elevations up to 1, metres. It is fairly easy to work with hand and machine tools.
Market development, smallholder cultivation and biodiversity management. Allanblackia floribunda arbre en fruits x – k database.
Allanblackia floribunda | Indigenous Knowledge on Forest Foods & Medicinal Plants in Ghana
It can grow in semi-shade light woodland or no shade. Growth and development Under natural conditions, trees start flowering after about 12 years. It floribnda best in areas where the maximum mean annual temperature ranges from 24 – 33c, whilst the minimum can fall below 10c.
Opinion of the scientific panel on dietetic products, nutrition and allergies on a request from the commission related to the safety of Allanblackia seed oil for use in yellow fat and cream based spreads: Line drawings reprinted with permission from: If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below.
Fruits take nearly a year to mature and ripe fruits are also found during a large part of the year.
Further in vitro and in vivo studies are needed, however, to fully investigate the extent of this bioactivity. Revision du genre Allanblackia Oliv. Proper species authentication is important, since only authenticated oil can be deemed safe for human consumption. The primary and secondary metabolite constituency of the seed oils of allanblackla all Allanblackia species is still poorly known.
Many data are still lacking for species of Allanblackia that could be collected using identification methods such as macroscopic, microscopic, organoleptic, thin-layer chromatography TLChigh-pressure HP TLC, HP liquid chromatography HPLC and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, all of which are commonly used in the quality control of botanical ingredients.
There are book citations related to Allanblackia floribunda Oliv. Clusiaceae aqueous extract in alcohol- and sucrose-induced hypertensive rats”. The degree of maturity of fruits on the tree can not be estimated, so mature fruits are left to drop to the ground and are then collected. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Edible nuts of the world. A study allwnblackia on seeds of A. In addition, the demand for oils and fats from alternative plant sources has steadily increased, driven by several factors including: