ABU RAIHAN AL-BIRUNI. ( A.D.). Abu Raihan Mohammad Ibn Ahmad al-Biruni was one of the well-known figures associated with the court of King. celebrating the anniversary of Abu Raihan Al-Biruni, a Muslim scholar often regarded as one of the greatest scientists of the medieval Islamic. Abu Raihan al-Biruni () was an Iranian scholar and polymath from Khwarezm — a region which encompasses modern-day western.

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He was engaged in science at an early age, publishing his first book on cartography when he was 22 years old. An imaginary rendition of Al Biruni on a Soviet post stamp. He also visited the court of the Bavandid ruler Al-Marzuban. The Venture of Islam: The classical results of Archimedes in the theory of the centre of gravity were generalized and applied to three-dimensional bodies, the theory of ponderable lever was founded and the ‘science of gravity’ was created and later further developed in medieval Europe.

We’ve sent an email to Please follow the instructions to reset your password. That the name was pronounced in this way in Central Asia about the author’s time, we learn from indisputable statement regarding our author from the pen of Alsam’ani, a philologist and biographer of high repute.

One of the specific aspects of Hindu life that Al-Biruni studied was the Hindu calendar. Little is known of his early life.

American Federation of Astr. Later years and significance In Islamic world: He is known as al-Ustdadh, ‘the Master’. His book on Indian culture is by far the most important of his encyclopaedic works. Its known that huge cedar trees… In that context he wrote of precious metals and gemswhich were considered foundational for any economic systemand he wrote of diamonds and their particular social importance.

He deduced its existence on the basis of his accurate estimations of the Earth’s circumference and Afro-Eurasia ‘s size, which he found spanned only two-fifths of the Earth’s circumference, and his discovery of the concept of specific gravityfrom which he deduced that the geological processes that gave rise to Eurasia must’ve also given rise to lands al-iruni the vast ocean between Asia and Europe.


Besides being a challenging mathematical problem, determining the direction of Mecca is a religious requirement for the performance of the ordained five daily prayers in Islam. Mathematics in the 10th century Uzbek culture In Uzbekistan: Ak-biruni also came up with different hypotheses about heat and light.

He also theorized that the landmass must be inhabited by human beings, which he al-birnui from his knowledge of humans inhabiting the broad north-south band stretching from Russia to South India and Sub-Saharan Africatheorizing that the landmass would most likely lie along the same band. We will scour and bring you the most interesting science news from across the Arab world and also discuss the various problems of the region and how science can help solve them.

The phenomena of statics were studied by using the dynamic approach so that two trends — statics and dynamics — turned out to be inter-related within a single science, mechanics.

Alhazen’s problem Islamic geometric patterns. Al-Biruni’s Discovery of India: Help us improve this article!


The contribution of Iranians to Islamic mathematics is overwhelming. In his search for…. Al-Biruni divides Hindus into an educated and an uneducated class. He developed a method for trisection of angle and other problems which cannot be solved with a ruler and a compass alone. He is given the titles the ‘founder of Indology’ and the ‘first anthropologist’ for writing on the customs and creeds of various nations.

He lived during the Islamic Golden Agein which scholarly thought went hand in hand with the thinking and methodology of the Islamic religion.

Wikiquote has quotations related to: Hindus considered Muslims violent and impure, and did not want to share anything with them. Astronomers by century CE AD. Moreover, Hindus in 11th century India had suffered waves of destructive attacks on many of its cities, and Islamic armies had taken numerous Hindu slaves to Persia, which—claimed Al-Biruni—contributed to Hindus becoming suspicious of all foreigners, not just Muslims.


Al-Biruni was a versatile scholar and scientist who had equal facility in physics, metaphysics, mathematics, geography and history. It is generally accepted that he was Persian by origin, and spoke the Khwarizmian dialect Rahman, H.

Al-Biruni biography

In the latter work, for example, is the most elaborate treatment of the Jewish calendar —more extensive than any surviving medieval Hebrew source and much more scientifically reasoned than any other treatment that this calendar had received up to that time.

Views Read Edit View history. He was from Khwarazm — a region which encompasses modern-day western Uzbekistanand northern Turkmenistan. He sought to find a method to measure the height of the sun, and created an early version of an astrolabe raihaj that purpose.

He documented different bodies of water and other natural phenomena.


In addition to this type of influence, Al-Biruni was also influenced by other nations, such as the Greeks, who he took inspiration from when he turned to studies of philosophy. Little is known of his early life. Al-Biruni was born in a time of major political rauhan, several civil wars and ever changing princes ruling the land.

He also raised these questions in his book on India. Retrieved from ” https: He explained the working of natural springs and artesian wells by the hydrostatic principle of communicating vessels. These descriptions are useful to today’s modern historians because they are able to use Biruni’s scholarship to locate certain destinations in modern-day India. From Wikipedia, the raihann encyclopedia.