ABU RAIHAN AL-BIRUNI. ( A.D.). Abu Raihan Mohammad Ibn Ahmad al-Biruni was one of the well-known figures associated with the court of King. celebrating the anniversary of Abu Raihan Al-Biruni, a Muslim scholar often regarded as one of the greatest scientists of the medieval Islamic. Abu Raihan al-Biruni () was an Iranian scholar and polymath from Khwarezm — a region which encompasses modern-day western.

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He was from Khwarazm — a region which encompasses modern-day western Uzbekistanand northern Turkmenistan.

Over time, Al-Biruni won the welcome of Hindu scholars. This question is most difficult to solve.

Abu Arrayhan Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Biruni

Biruni’s most ao-biruni work was a major pharmacopoeiathe “Kitab al-saydala fi al-tibb” Book on the Pharmacopoeia of Medicinedescribing essentially all the medicines known in his time. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. University of Chicago Press. I shall not produce the arguments of our antagonists in order to refute such of them, as I believe to be in the wrong. He is given the titles the ‘founder of Indology’ and the ‘first anthropologist’ for writing on the customs and creeds of various nations.

Their quality was generally high, but a tendency toward facility can be al-birui in such buildings…. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Abu Rayhan al-Biruni. Only a minuscule number of his output, 22 titles, has survived, and only about half of that has been published.

The book discusses several theorems of astronomy, trigonometry, solar, lunar, and planetary motions and relative topics. My book is nothing but a simple historic record of facts. Continue Cancel Send email OK. These descriptions are useful to today’s modern historians because they are able to use Biruni’s scholarship to locate certain destinations in modern-day India.

Al-Biruni’s Discovery of India: Al-Biruni births deaths Medieval Persian astrologers Medieval Persian astronomers Medieval Persian geographers Medieval Persian mathematicians Persian philosophers 10th-century mathematicians 11th-century mathematicians 11th-century historians 11th-century geographers Astronomers of medieval Islam Geographers of medieval Islam Astrologers of medieval Islam Alchemists of medieval Islam Mathematicians of medieval Islam Islamic philosophers Scientists who worked on Qibla determination Indologists Iranian anthropologists Historians of Pakistan Historians of India 11th-century astronomers 10th-century Iranian people Ghaznavid scholars Samanid scholars Muslim inventors Inventors of medieval Islam 10th-century Muslims 11th-century Muslims Giftedness.


The Golden Age al-boruni Persia.

He ascertained that as compared with the speed of sound the speed of light is immense. Byzantine mathematics European mathematics Indian mathematics. His investigations included description of various monstrosities, including that known as “Siamese” twins.

It was only hundreds of years later in the West, that his books became read and referenced again, especially his book on India which became relevant to the British Empire’s activity in India from the 17th century.

According to Akbar S. GhazniGhaznavid Empire modern-day Afghanistan. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Due to an apparatus he constructed himself, he succeeded in determining the specific gravity of a certain number of metals and minerals with remarkable precision. Previous post Nile University students start sit-in at Zewail City campus.

ABU RAIHAN AL-BIRUNI, a photo from Tehran, East | TrekEarth

Frederick 12 December He deduced its existence on the basis of his accurate estimations of the Earth’s circumference and Afro-Eurasia ‘s size, which he found spanned only two-fifths of the Earth’s circumference, and his discovery of the concept of specific gravityfrom which he deduced that the geological processes that gave rise to Eurasia must’ve also given rise to lands in the vast ocean between Asia and Europe.

Translated by Berjak, Rafik. This page was last edited on 27 Decemberat However, Many have used Al-Biruni’s work to check facts of history in other works that may have been ambiguous or had their validity questioned. Like most scientists of the era, he was a polymath, excelling and writing about various topics from astrology and mathematics to geology and anthropology.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Discover some of the most interesting ahu trending topics of Please improve this article by removing excessive or inappropriate external links, and converting useful links where appropriate into footnote references. Al-Biruni discussed, centuries before the rest of the world, the question whether the earth rotates around its axis or not.


The Saljuq and Mongol Periods. He also wrote the Kitab-al-Saidanawhich is an extensive materia medica that combines the then existing Arabic knowledge on the subject with the Indian medicine. In Meri, Josef W. He was equally well versed in the mathematical, astronomic, physical and al-biuni sciences and also distinguished himself as a geographer and historian, chronologist and linguist and as an impartial observer of customs and creeds. Almost half of the titles were on astronomical and mathematical subjects.

Hindus considered Muslims violent and impure, and did not want to share anything with them. The book was not just a collection, however, with al-hiruni input from Al-Biruni where he developed many new mathematical techniques to al-hiruni on the measurements from the previous astronomers.


Retrieved 11 September Of his own personal background even less is known. Ahmed concluded that Al-Biruni can be considered as the first Anthropologist, [46] however, others argue that he hardly can be considered an anthropologist in the conventional sense.

He said this in the context of demonstrating his total disgust with flattery, even when it was being directed raihwn him. The most prominent of both modern al-birunii ancient astronomers have deeply studied the question of the moving of the earth, and tried to refute it.

Our editors will review what you’ve submitted, and if it meets our criteria, al-birubi add it to the article. He died in A. Architecture in Iran mathematics In mathematics: Biruni also employed astronomy in the determination of his theories, which were complex mathematical equations and scientific calculation that allows one to convert dates and years between the different calendars.

Retrieved from ” https: Harbi al-Himyari Ja’far al-Sadiq.

Geologyphysicsanthropologycomparative sociologyastronomyastrologychemistryhistorygeographymathematicsmedicinepsychologyphilosophytheology. Accepting the definite demise of the Afrighids at the hands of the Ma’munids, he made peace with the latter who then ruled Khwarezm.