There were 16 mahajanapadas / kingdoms which are mentioned in the ancient literature and scriptures. It must be noted here that these sixteen. Many prominent ancient Buddhist texts make frequent references to the ’16 great kingdoms’ (mahajanapadas) that flourished between the sixth. Find 16 Mahajanapadas map, refers to sixteen great nations exist before the start of Buddhism in India.

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16 Mahajanapada and their capitals

The Gandharas were well trained in the art of war. The Gandharas and their king figure prominently as strong allies of the Kurus against the Pandavas in the Mahabharata war.

According to Dr T. He was very powerful, warlike and fond of hunting.

Mam I have one question regarding indus valley civilisation? The production of power from wind energy has considerably increased in the recent years. The Mahabharata refers to several Ganah or Republics of the Kambojas.

The Mahabharata refers to several Ganah or Mahajanaladas of the Kambojas [52]. Buddhist and other texts make incidental references to 16 great nations Solasa Mahajanapadas which were in existence before the time of Buddha, but do not give any connected history except in the case of Magadha.

The Puranas give lists of kings of the Aikhsvaka dynasty the dynasty founded by Ikshvaku from Ikshvaku to Presenajit Pasenadi. King Sujata ruled over both the Chedis mahajanxpadas Matsyas, thus showing that Matsya once formed a part of the Chedi kingdom. The fact that Janapada is derived from Jana points to an early stage of land-taking by the Jana tribe for a settled way of life.

The country of the Kurus roughly corresponded to the modern Thaneswer, union territory of Delhi and Meerut district of Uttar Pradesh. Anga was annexed by Magadha in the time of Bimbisara.


Some scholars contend that the Kurus, Kambojas, Gandharas and Bahlikas were cognate people and all had Iranian affinities [31] [32] [33] [34] [35]. Later these Vedic Janas merged with Janapadas. They were a powerful clan of Eastern India. The wool of the Gandharis is referred to in maahjanapadas Rigveda.

The evidence in the Mahabharata and in Ptolemy ‘s Geography distinctly supports two Kamboja settlements.

16 Mahajanapada and their capitals – General Knowledge Today

Gandhara was located on the grand northern high road Uttarapatha and was a centre of international commercial activities. It was bounded on the north by river Gangaon the east by the river Champa, on the south by the Vindhya mountains and on the west by river Sona. Cyrus I is said to have destroyed the famous Kamboja city called Kapisi modern Begram in Paropamisade.

Vaishali modern Basarh in Vaishali District of North Bihara prosperous town located 25 miles north of river Ganga and 38 miles from Rajagrihawas the capital of Licchhavis and the political headquarters of powerful Varijian confederacy.

Archived from the original on 4 June These permanent settlements led the evolution from janapadas to mahajanpadas. History Religion Politics and social sciences Credited.

Bronze Age — BC. The country of the Avantis was an important kingdom of western India and was one of the four great monarchies in India in the post era of Mahavira and Buddha, the other three being KosalaVatsa and Magadha.

According to Puranic traditions, this Janapada was founded by Gandhara, son of Aruddha, a descendant of Yayati. Panchala was divided into two parts, namely Dakshina-Panchala and Uttara-Panchala. Chulla-Niddesa, another ancient text of the Buddhist canon, adds Kalinga to the list and substitutes Yona for Gandhara, thus listing the Kamboja and the Yona as the only Mahajanapadas from Uttarapatha [8] [9] [10].

King Prasenajit was highly educated. Commerce among the Janapadas expanded through the Ganges Valley, and powerful urban trading centers emerged. The northern Panchala had its capital at Adhichhatra or Chhatravati modern Ramnagar in the Bareilly Districtwhile southern Panchala had its capital at Kampilya or Kampil in the Farrukhabad District. Avanti later became part of the Magadhan empire when King Nandivardhana of Avanti was defeated by king Shishunaga of Magadha.


Archaeologically, this period corresponds in part to the Northern Black Polished Ware culture. Kuru was born after 25 generations of Puru’s dynasty, and after 15 generations of Kuru, Kauravas and Pandavas were born.

These massive Indian cities were home to the 16 great kingdoms described in the ancient texts.

Mahajanapadas Map, Map of 16 Mahajanapadas

Mahauanapadas continuously strive for updating our content for our readers like yourself. Kausambi was also a prominent entreport of passengers and goods, coming in from the south and north-west. Palaeolithic 2,—, BC Madrasian Culture. These latter Kambojas are associated with the 1 and Gandharas in Indian literature and also find mention in the Edicts of Ashoka.

The republics provided a climate in which unorthodox views were tolerated, and new schools of thought such as Buddhism and Jainism emerged and spread. Its capital was Takshasila Prakrit Taxila.

Mahajanapadas Map

The state of Kamboja is referred to as republican in several ancient scripts. He omits the nations from Uttarapatha mahajznapadas the Kamboja and Gandhara. Panini has mentioned both Vedic form Gandhari as well as the later form Gandhara in his Ashtadhyayi.

His position was further improved by a matrimonial alliance with Magadha: Neolithic 10,— BC Bhirrana Culture. They remained relatively isolated but were invaded by the Achaemenids of Persia during the reign of Cyrus B. In the middle of the sixth century B. They are called Vasishthas Vasetthas in the Mahapparnibbana Suttanta.

The Gandhara kingdom sometimes also included Kashmira.